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Who is Nary Washington? 

If you said, "The mother of the father of our country," you're right. 

If you said, "A fine, small liberal arts college in Virginia," you're 
also right. 

And if that's all you know about Mary Washington, you're not alone. 

Mary Washington is too often a case of mistaken identity. 

You may have heard that Mary Washington is a woman's college. 
The more than 200 men on campus would disagree. 

You may have heard that Mary Washington is expensive. State 
support keeps Mary Washington's tuition lower than that for any 
private college in Virginia. 

You may have heard that Mary Washington is tough to get into. It 
is; but that's a long way from impossible. Before you make up your 
mind, look up the admission requirements. 

Who is Mary Washington? 

Mary Washington College Bulletin, Catalog Issue. Volume 7, Number 2, June, 1976. Published quarterly by Mary Washington College. 
Fredericksburg, Virginia 22401. Second class postage paid at Fredericksburg. 







Nary Washington is the only 
small, state-supported, 
residential, coeducational, 
liberal arts college in Virginia. 

Being unique, Mary Washington may offer, uniquely, what you seek 
in a college. 

The purpose of this introduction to the Mary Washington catalog is 
to help you find out. 


Small, State-Supported 

The phrase "small and state-supported" seems almost self- 
contradictory. "Small college" conveys one impression, of 
intimacy or community; "state-supported college" may convey 
another, of bureaucracy. What does it mean to you that Mary 
Washington is both small and state-supported? 

Small, we think, is more a feeling than a number. Mary Washington 
has 2,100 students and a faculty of 135. That's large enough to 
support a healthy diversity of backgrounds and interests, as well 
as strength in the academic program. It is not, however, large 
enough to encourage impersonality. The sense of community on 
Mary Washington's campus is enhanced by its location. 
Fredericksburg, though growing, is a quiet town; most student 
social life and most community intellectual life revolve around 
the campus. 

Once a branch of the University of Virginia, Mary Washington since 
1972 has been independent of the University. It is now one of 15 
senior state-supported institutions. State support of Mary Washington 
means that, while the college offers advantages usually associated 
with private institutions, tuition is lower than that for any private 
senior college in Virginia. 

•H IfS 




Once totally residential, Mary Washington has a growing number 

of commuting students from the Fredericksburg area. However, 

with 85 percent of the students living on campus, the residential 

flavor prevails. It is reflected in the degree of participation in 

campus social activities, the amicability of faculty /student 

relations, the effectiveness of the student government, and the ?^»h 

success of the student-developed and -administered honor system. J i ,.|^J 

There are 1 7 residence halls, none very large— the largest holds 1 80 
students. All offer the recreational and living amenities you would 
expect at any good small college. There is everything from squash 
courts to a 53-bed infirmary for residential students, offering 
inpatient and outpatient services. 

Informal social life centers around Ann Carter Lee Hall where the 
College Shop is located, along with the Nonresidential Students' 
Lounge, and the Bookstore. There is at least one formal dance on 
campus each year. Otherwise, it's mixers, parties, movies, rock. 
disco and bluegrass. There are no social fraternities. 

The College sponsors a concert series with five to seven visits from 
major orchestras, dance companies, and theater groups. The 
Department of Drama gives four plays and a series of laboratory 
productions; the College Chorus, the College Community Orchestra 
and other musical groups give concerts and recitals; the Dance 
Company performs once each semester. 

The Student Handbook covers most aspects of life at Mary 
Washington. As a candidate for admission you can get a copy by 
writing to the Office of the Dean of Student Services. 


Founded in 1908 as a state teacher's college and later 
developed Into a college of liberal arts and sciences, Mary 
Washington was the woman's branch of the University of 
Virginia for about thirty years. 

In 1970, when the University of Virginia became coeducational, 
Mary Washington began accepting male students. 

During the 1 975-76 academic year, there were a few more than 200 
men on campus. However, as the College's efforts increase to make 
male students aware of Mary Washington as a coeducational 
institution, their number on campus is expected to rise sharply. 

There are now two upperclass coeducational residence halls with 
sexes separated by floors. Freshmen live in a single sex hall. At 
present, the only men's intercollegiate sport is basketball, but the 
program grows as the number of men on campus increases. 

Women compete with other colleges in nine activities including 
lacrosse, field hockey, and swimming. The handsome new physical 
education building provides excellent facilities for everyone on 
campus. The College has its own pool, tennis courts, and practice 
golf course. 

The Recreation Association has sponsored ski trips, karate classes, 
and tennis clinics. There are clubs for hikers, fencers, riders, and 
students interested in synchronized swimming. 

Nearly every academic department has an interest club or honorary; 
other groups serve students interested in physical therapy, medical 
studies, and international relations. There are Afro-Americans, Young 
Democrats, Young Republicans, and off-campus branches of student 
religious organizations. Students produce three regular publications. 



1 ' ' 

Liberal Arts 

As a college of the liberal arts and sciences, Mary Washington 
is committed to the concept that a broad education in the arts, 
sciences, and humanities, complemented by intensive study in a 
particular field, is an excellent preparation for life. 

To help students establish the direction of their studies, Mary 
Washington provides a college-wide program of academic and 
career counseling, beginning with the first semester of freshman 
year. To augment the services of the counseling offices, each 
department designates one faculty member as a counselo r on 
careers in that interest area. The internship program offers 
opportunities to earn up to twelve semester hours of credit for 
off-campus work. 

Because students are admitted to Mary Washington with the 
understanding that they are academically able and personally mature. 
the College offers both freedom and responsibility. Students have 
much leeway in choosing their programs at Mary Washington, but 
all are demanding; even the best prepared student is likely to find 
freshman year difficult. There are no "cut rules" or enforced study 
hours. But there is help. 

Because Mary Washington has no graduate programs, no 
compulsion for the faculty to publish or carry out research, the 
faculty is a teaching faculty. All professors teach at all levels. They 
are available for supervision of independent study, for advising, and 
for informal consultation. Most classes have fewer than 25 students. 
Occasionally a class will have as many as sixty students but will 
meet frequently in small labs or discussion groups. Teaching 
methods vary, too, but most classes are lecture-discussion or 
seminar. Guest lecturers come to campus often; among those who 
have visited are Margaret Mead, Saul Alinsky, Arthur Schlesinger, 
and Chaim Potok. 

In Virginia 

The College's 275-acre campus is thickly planted with the 
boxwood, holly, dogwood, and flowering fruit trees that grow in 
Virginia. The architecture of its buildings is Virginian, also— red 
brick, white-columned, neo-classical. 

The campus stands on Marye's Heights, site of the Battle of 
Fredericksburg, a major Civil War engagement. Fredericksburg was 
the center of several Eastern campaigns of the Civil War. Earlier, in 
the Colonial period, it was the boyhood home of George Washington, 
and a favorite meeting place of the Founding Fathers. 

Today, Fredericksburg is near the center of the East Coast 
megalopolis, halfway between Richmond and Washington, D.C. There 
are three major airports within fifty miles (National, Dulles, and 
Richmond). Trailways and Greyhound buses stop almost every hour 
at the Fredericksburg station, two blocks from campus. Interstate 95 
is the major north-south route. 

Ringed with shopping centers, the town retains much of its early 
charm, and offers an easy, gracious life style. The campus is within 
walking distance of downtown, allowing students to participate in 
community activities. 

■■i urn mm 


Academic Catalog 

16 Calendar 

21 Admission 

31 Fees and Assistance 

43 Program of Studies 

49 Courses 

101 Regulations 
111 Directory 
123 Index 
127 The Campus 

Mary Washington College is accredited by 
the Southern Association ot Colleges and 
Schools and is a member of the Southern 
University Conference. In addition, it is a 
member of the American Council on 
Education, the Association of Virginia 
Colleges, the College Entrance Examination 
Board, the University Center in Virginia and 
the National Association of Schools of Music. 
Its women graduates are eligible for 
membership in the American Association of 
University Women. 

Honorary academic organizations with 
chapters on campus include Phi Beta Kappa 
(academic); Mortar Board (leadership, 
scholarship and service); Alpha Phi Sigma 
(scholastic); Alpha Psi Omega (dramatic 
arts); Chi Beta Phi (science); Eta Sigma Phi 
(classics); Gamma Theta Upsilon 
(geography); Kappa Delta Pi (education); 
Lambda lota Tau (English); Mu Phi Epsilon 
(music); Omicron Delta Epsilon (economics); 
Phi Alpha Theta (history); Phi Sigma lota 
(romance languages); Pi Gamma Mu (social 
sciences); Psi Chi (psychology); and Sigma 
Omega Chi (sociology). 

Further, the College is committed to serve 
with distinction the community, the state and 
the nation through the selection of qualified 
students, the maintenance of a competent 
faculty and staff, and the development of an 
appropriate academic, cultural and physical 

The following catalog describes Mary 
Washington's academic programs, courses, 
and regulations. There is also a two year 
calendar, and a map and self guided tour of 
the campus. If you have questions about the 
College, or want to visit, don't hesitate to 
contact the Office of Admissions. 

The intent of this catalog is to provide the 
student an accurate picture of Mary 
Washington College; however, it should not 
be interpreted as an irrevocable contract. 
The College reserves the right to revise 
procedures, regulations, course offerings, 
and fees at any time. 



First Semester 

Friday August 27 

Saturday August 28 


August 29 


August 30 


August 31 


September 7 


September 14 


September 28 


October 1-3 


October 8 

Wednesday October 1 3 

Thursday October 14 

Thursday November 18 

Wednesday November 24 


November 29 

Fn.-Sat. December 10-11 

Mon.-Sat. December 13-18 
Tuesday December 28 

Residence halls open 9:00 a.m. for new students who have not 
participated in a summer orientation program. Orientation begins at 
1 :00 p.m. for this group. 

Residence halls open 9:00 a.m. for new students who have par- 
ticipated in a summer orientation program. Student Association 
Orientation for all new students begins at 1 :00 p.m. 

Residence halls open 9:00 a.m. for returning students. 

Registration 8:30 a. m -4:30 p.m., 7:00-8:30 p.m. 

Classes begin 

Last day to add courses 

Last day to change pass /fail 

Last day to drop courses without penalty 

Family Weekend 

Mid-semester vacation begins 5:45 p.m. Residence halls close 
6:30 p.m. 

Mid-semester vacation ends 8:00 a.m. (Residence halls open 1 :30 
p.m., October 12) 
Mid-semester grades due. 

Career Day 

Last day to drop courses without automatic F 

Thanksgiving holiday begins 12:05 p.m. Residence halls close 
2:00 p.m. 

Thanksgiving holiday ends 8:00 a.m. (Residence halls open 1 :30 
p.m., November 28) 

Reading days 

Examinations. Residence halls close 6:30 p.m., December 18 

Grades due in Registrar's Office by 10:00 a.m. 

Second Semester 

Tuesday January 1 1 

Wednesday January 12 









January 13 
January 20 
January 27 
February 10 
February 1 7 
March 1 
March 4 
March 14 

Tuesday April 5 

Thurs.-Fri. April 28-29 

Sat.-Fn. April 30-May 6 

Monday May 9 

Thursday May 12 

Saturday May 14 

Residence halls open at 1:30 p.m. 

New student advising, 9:00-12:00 noon. Registration 8:30 a.m.- 
4:30 p.m. and 7:00-8:30 p.m. 

Classes begin 

Last day to add courses 

Last day to change pass/fail 

Last day to drop courses without penalty 

Major Counseling Atternoon 

Mid-semester grades due 

Spring vacation begins 5:45 p.m. Residence halls close 6:30 p.m. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. (Residence halls open 1:30 p.m.. 
March 13) 

Last day to drop courses without automatic F 

Reading days 

Examinations. Residence halls close at 6:30 p.m. on May 6 for 
students who are not candidates for graduation. 

Senior grades due, 4:00 p.m. 

All grades due, 4:00 p.m. 

Graduation. Residence halls close 9:00 p.m. 


First Semester 

Friday August 26 

Saturday August 27 


August 28 


August 29 


August 30 


September 6 


September 13 


September 27 


Sept. 30-Oct. 2 


October 7 

Wednesday October 12 

Thursday October 13 

Thursday November 17 

Wednesday November 23 


November 28 

Residence halls open 9:00 a.m. for new students who have not 
participated in a summer orientation program. Orientation begins at 
1:00 p.m. for this group. 

Residence halls open 9:00 a.m. for new students who have par- 
ticipated in a summer orientation program. Student Association 
Orientation for all new students begins at 1:00 p.m. 

Residence halls open 9:00 a.m. for returning students. 


Classes begin 

Last day to add courses 

Last day to change pass fail 

Last day to drop courses without penalty 

Family Weekend 

Mid-semester vacation begins 5:45 p.m. Residence halls close 
6:30 p.m. 

Mid-semester vacation ends 8:00 a.m. (Residence halls open 1 :30 
p.m.. October 1 1) 
Mid-semester grades due. 

Career Day 

Last day to drop courses without automatic F 

Thanksgiving holiday begins 12:05 p.m. Residence halls close 

2:00 p.m. 

Thanksgiving holiday ends 8:00 a.m. (Residence halls open 1 :30 
p.m.. November 27) 

Fn.-Sat. December 9-10 

Mon-Sat. December 12-17 
Wednesday December 28 

Reading days 

Examinations. Residence halls close 6:30 p.m. 

Grades due in Registrar's Office by 10:00 a.m. 

Second Semester 

Tuesday January 10 

Wednesday January 1 1 












January 12 
January 19 
January 26 
February 9 
February 16 
February 28 
March 3 
March 13 

April 4 
April 27-28 
April 29-May 5 

Monday May 8 

Thursday May 1 1 
Saturday May 13 

Residence halls open at 1:30 p.m. 

New student advising, 9:00-12:00 noon. Registration 8:30 a.m.- 
4:30 p.m and 7:00-8:30 p.m. 

Classes begin 

Last day to add courses 

Last day to change pass/fail 

Last day to drop courses without penalty 

Major Counseling Afternoon 

Mid-semester grades due 

Spring vacation begins 5:45 p.m. Residence halls close 6:30 p.m. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. (Residence halls open 1:30 p.m.. 

March 12) 

Last day to drop courses without automatic F 

Reading days 

Examinations. Residence halls close at 6:30 p.m. on May 5 tor 
students who are not candidates for graduation. 

Senior grades due, 4:00 p.m. 

All grades due, 4:00 p.m. 

Graduation. Residence halls close 9:00 p.m. 

-& - *.\ >< .<^ 









Admission Directly after High School 

Most Mary Washington students apply for 
admission during the first semester of their 
senior year in high school and enter college 
the following summer or fall. Approximately 
twelve percent of Mary Washington College 
students enter as transfer students with 
credits from another college. Three programs 
permit selected high school students to enter 
Mary Washington College before high school 
graduation. Students who do not plan to 
earn a Mary Washington degree can apply 
for admission as special students. 

In every case except that of special students, 
the Committee on Admissions reviews all 
material submitted and makes the final 
decision on admission. 

We know that our academic reguirements 
and procedures cannot meet the situation of 
every applicant. If you have particular 
guestions, problems and reguests, contact 
the Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid. 

Admission Directly 
after High School 

The Admissions Committee makes its 
decision on the basis of the application, a 
high school transcript, recommendation by 
an appropriate secondary school official, and 
results of the College Board Scholastic 
Aptitude and Achievement Tests. 

A school which is accredited by the state or a 

regional accrediting agency. 
: '*An entrance unit represents a year's successful 
study of a subject in a high school or preparatory 
school, the class meeting five times a week. 

Procedure. A student who intends to enter 
Mary Washington directly after high school 
graduation should reguest application 
materials from the Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid early in the first semester of the 
senior year. Students reguesting a decision 
under the Early Decision Plan should also 
reguest the Early Decision Agreement form. 

The application should be returned as soon 
as convenient. The transcript form, and the 
mid-year school report form, which includes 
a recommendation, as well as a record of 
high school performance, should be 
completed by the appropriate high school 
official and returned. If the scores earned on 
the Scholastic Aptitude and Achievement 
Tests are not included on the high school 
transcript, the applicant should reguest the 
College Board to send them directly to the 

The suggested deadline for submitting an 
application is March 1 . All applicants who 
meet this deadline will be notified of the 
Committee's decision by April 1. All 
acceptances are conditional upon second 
semester performance. 

A student who makes a late decision or 
cannot meet the suggested March 1 deadline 
follows the same procedure. Applications will 
be considered on a space available basis. 
The Committee will announce its decision as 
soon as possible after materials have been 

High School Preparation. The general 
academic reguirements for admission are 
graduation from an accredited high school 

22 Admission Directly after High School 

or preparatory school and credit for at least 
sixteen acceptable entrance units. 

The sixteen academic units should include 
the following: 

English. 4 units 

College preparatory mathematics and 

science. 4 units— A student who anticipates 
a college major in one of the natural sciences 
or mathematics, or who intends to certify as 
a teacher, should have earned three units in 
mathematics selected from algebra, geometry, 
trigonometry, calculus, or combinations of 
these courses, plus one unit in science. A 
student anticipating other major programs 
may submit two college preparatory units of 
mathematics and two units of science. 

Examinations. Students entering directly 
from high school are required to take the 
Scholastic Aptitude Test and Achievement 
Tests in English Composition as well as in at 
least one other area of the applicant's 
choice. These tests should be completed no 
later than January of the senior year. 

Information about the tests may be obtained 
from the College Entrance Examination 
Board. Box 592. Princeton, New Jersey 
08540. or from secondary school 
counselors. When applying for the tests, the 
student should specify that the results be 
sent to Mary Washington College (College 
Code Number 5398). 

Foreign language. 2 units— -Two units in the 
same foreign language are required and more 
are recommended. 

Social studies. 2 units 

Electives. 4 units— Electives may consist of 
additional units in any of the areas listed, as 
well as units earned in art. music, drama, 
journalism, etc. 

A student attending a five-year school or one 
who begins traditional secondary school 
subjects in the eighth grade must complete 
eighteen academic units in order to meet the 
minimum requirements for admission. A 
student who does not meet the 
recommended distribution of subjects, but 
feels that he may be otherwise qualified, 
should write to the Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid. 

Character, Personality and Interests. In 

addition to the scholastic record, 
recommendations from appropriate school 
officials are welcomed. Such 
recommendations should include an 
assessment of academic potential, as well as 
character, personality, and interests. 
Activities that reflect leadership or intellectual 
interests are impressive only if they reinforce 
sound academic achievement. Since Mary 
Washington operates under a successful 
honor system, assurance of personal 
integrity is indispensable. 

Committee Review. The Committee on 
Admissions approves applicants, including 
those wishing to enter the planned-transfer 
programs, only if they seem prepared to 
succeed in a competitive, liberal arts 
curriculum. The Committee considers 

Admission Directly after High School 

academic achievement, class rank, 
secondary school recommendations, aptitude 
and achievement test results, as well as a 
pattern of courses demonstrating interest and 
competence in the liberal arts and sciences. 

The Committee feels that the senior year is 
extremely important, that such basic 
academic subjects as English, mathematics, 
laboratory sciences, and foreign language 
should be continued through the final term. 

The Typical Freshman. The average student 
accepted by the College, having followed an 
academic program in the secondary school, 
will be in the top third of his graduating class 
and will have Scholastic Aptitude Test scores 
totaling 1,000. Obviously this average 
candidate is at the middle of the pool of 
applicants, and candidates have records on 
either side of this average. Exceptions to 
these general guidelines are made depending 
upon the merits of a particular student. 

Application Fees and Deposits. All 

students send a $10.00 non-refundable 
application fee with the initial application. 

The deposit is applied to the first semester 
charges. Unless the student has asked for 
Early Decision, the deposit is refundable 
upon reguest until May 1. If the student is 
accepted for the spring semester, the deposit 
is refundable upon reguest until January 1. 

Deferred Enrollment. Upon reguest, an 
accepted student may have one year to 
exercise the option of enrolling. Delayed 
enrollment is subject to admission 
reguirements in force at the time the initial 
decision is made. If the student enrolls at 
another institution before enrolling at Mary 
Washington, he must apply again as a 
transfer student. 

The student will be subject to rules, 
regulations, and financial charges in effect 
when he actually enrolls. 

Early Decision Plan. The student who has 
selected Mary Washington College as a first 
choice may wish to apply for admission 
under the Early Decision Plan. Under this 
plan the student agrees to accept an offer of 
admission, if it is extended by the Committee 
on Admissions. The College in return agrees 
to announce its decision by December 1 . 

If a student is accepted by the College, he 
returns a deposit with his acceptance. A 
dormitory student submits a $100.00 room 
deposit, and a day student submits a $50.00 
fee deposit. Students applying by March 1, 
who are notified by April 1, are reguired to 
answer and to send the deposit by May 1 . If 
the application is late, and the letter of 
acceptance is received after May 1 , the 
deposit is due within two weeks. 

Interested candidates should reguest an 
Early Decision form along with regular 
application materials, early in the fall 
semester of the senior year. The candidate 
may apply to other colleges but must agree 
to withdraw his applications if notified of 
acceptance by Mary Washington. 

The application form, the Early Decision 
form, the transcript, and results of Scholastic 

Admission Directly after High School 
Admission before High School Graduation 

Aptitude and Achievement Tests should be 
submitted to the College before November 1. 
The Committee on Admissions will review the 
materials and notify the applicant by 
December 1 . 

Should the Committee not act favorably on 
an early decision request, the applicant's file 
will remain active, and the Committee will 
reconsider it after the candidate submits 
additional grades and or scores at the end 
of the fall semester. 

Admission before 
High School Graduation 

Selected students with exceptional ability can 
enroll at Mary Washington College before 
they have graduated from high school under 
one of three plans. 

Admission to the Summer Session. A high 
school senior whose level of intellectual and 
personal maturity and academic promise is of 
the highest caliber is eligible to apply to the 
summer session. He must be recommended 
by his principal or guidance counselor. 

After consulting his principal or guidance 
counselor, the student submits a summer 
session application. If accepted, he takes the 
same courses and course load as any 
freshman student. Credit and grades earned 
become part of his permanent record at 
Mary Washington. 

earn a Mary Washington degree applies, 
using the regular procedure, during the first 
semester of his senior year. 

Admission to Part-time Study during the 
Regular Session. A qualified senior in an 
area high school who will not be taking a full 
academic load in his senior year can apply 
for admission as a part-time student. 

The candidate submits the special student 
application, a high school transcript, and a 
letter of recommendation for this program 
from the principal or director of guidance. 

Admission after the Junior Year. This 

program, in which the student enters as a 
full-time freshman after the junior year in 
high school, is designed for a small number 
of exceptionally qualified students who have 
completed almost all of the sixteen credits 
required for admission. 

To be considered, a candidate must have all 
required credits in mathematics, science, and 
foreign language. Most commonly, the 
student has at the end of the junior year 
only one unit in English and one in social 
science to complete. 

The admission procedure is the same as for 
a regular candidate, except that the student 
usually applies in the spring. The student 
presents Scholastic Aptitude Test results with 
the application, and must submit 
Achievement Test results before enrolling. 

Admission to the summer session, for any 
student, does not constitute admission to the 
regular session. A student who wishes to 

Such a student needs all the materials 
required of a regular candidate: in addition, 
the high school counselor will be asked to 

Admission before High School Graduation 
Transfers from Other Colleges 

speak directly to the question of the 
student's maturity. The Admissions 
Committee examines the application using 
the same criteria as for a senior, with the 
addition of the statement of maturity. 

The College advises the student to complete 
the last high school units in summer school, 
if possible. 

Full information on transfer credit is given 
under "Academic Regulations and Policies. 
A preliminary evaluation of transfer credit is 
made by the Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid, but all final decisions are 
made by the Office of the Dean. Transfer 
credit is provisional until the student has 
completed one semester's work at Mary 
Washington College. 

A Virginia student can arrange with the 
secondary school principal to be graduated 
from high school at the end of the freshman 
year at Mary Washington by using college 
courses to fulfill a maximum of two high 
school credits. 

Transfers from 
Other Colleges 

Procedure. The Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid will send a prospective transfer 
student an application and a secondary 
school transcript form. The student must 
complete and return the application and 
arrange for the high school transcript form to 
be completed and sent by the appropriate 
secondary school official. He must also 
arrange for transcripts to be sent from all 
colleges he has attended. 

The Admissions Committee makes its 
decision on transfer students on the basis of 
the application, a high school transcript, 
transcripts of all college work, and the 
Scholastic Aptitude Test. 

A candidate may be considered for transfer 
admission if he is entitled to honorable 
dismissal without academic or social 
probation in the last institution attended. 

Residence Requirement and Transfer 
Credit. To be eligible for a Mary Washington 
degree, a student must be enrolled on 
campus the last semester and earn thirty 
semester hours of credits from the College. 
Also, at least three-fourths of the 
major program must be earned at 
the College. 

A transfer applicant is urged to submit all 
materials early in the first semester of the 
year prior to transfer. The Committee on 
Admissions will make a preliminary 
evaluation of this information and a final 
decision upon receipt of the first semester or 
quarter grades. 

Examination. A candidate must submit the 
results of the Scholastic Aptitude Test, 
normally included on the high school 
transcript. Achievement Tests are not always 
required, but the Committee may request a 
student to take specific examinations, and 
the College may need Achievement Test 
results for placement purposes. A candidate 
who cannot meet these testing requirements 
should consult with the Dean of Admissions 
and Financial Aid for advice about 
aDDrooriate substitutions. 

26 Transfers from Other Colleges 
Admission as a Special Student 

Committee Review. The Committee 
considers many factors in judging whether 
the transfer candidate can succeed at Mary 
Washington College, but puts particular 
emphasis on the program and academic 
achievement in the last college attended. 

social standing at the last institution attended 
and has undertaken a program similar in 
nature to the Mary Washington program. His 
level of success at the last institution predicts 
a good chance of success at Mary 

Direct Transfer Agreement. Mary 
Washington College has entered into direct 
transfer agreements with Ferrum College and 
numerous branches of the Virginia 
Community College System. A student 
attending one of these institutions will be 
admitted to the College upon completion of 
one of the specified college-transfer 
programs, if he has earned a cumulative 
grade point average of 2.5 or higher on a 
4.0 scale and has a recommendation from 
the appropriate official at the two-year 
college. An applicant accepted under the 
plan will receive credit for all work in the 
college-transfer program passed at the two- 
year institution and will matriculate with 
junior standing. 

A student interested in applying under these 
arrangements should notify the Dean of 
Admissions and Financial Aid at Mary 
Washington by April 1 . The completed 
application and records, including the results 
of the Scholastic Aptitude Test, should be 
submitted by June 1. Specific details about 
any of the agreements are available from 
officials at the two-year colleges or by writing 
to the Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid 
at Mary Washington College. 

Fees and Deposits. These are the same as 
for students entering directly from high 

Servicemen's Opportunity Program. Mary 
Washington College is a member of the 
Servicemen's Opportunity College (SOC) 
network, a group of more than 300 colleges 
and universities committed to making post- 
secondary education more readily available 
to mobile military personnel through 
cooperation on admission, transfer of credits 
and residency requirements. The SOC 
program makes it easier for service 
personnel to transfer college credits between 
MWC and other participating institutions, and 
to earn their degree at the College. (Mary 
Washington's degree requirements specify 
that the student must complete 122 credit 
hours of college work, yet only 30 of those 
hours must be taken as "resident credit"— in 
courses taught by MWC faculty members, 
mostly in the student's major field.) More 
specific information about the SOC program 
may be obtained from the Office of the 

Admission as a Special Student 

The Typical Transfer Student. A typical 
transfer student accepted by the Committee 
on Admissions is in good academic and 

Applicants for admission as special students 
are most often those who are interested not 
in a degree but in specific courses and 

Admission as a Special Student 

Senior Citizens 

Readmission to the College 

students at other institutions who will earn 
credits to transfer to their own institutions. 

Special students are not enrolled in the 
degree program of the College, but they are 
held to the same academic standards and 
judged in the same way as regularly enrolled 
students in each course they take. Special 
students normally take fewer than twelve 
hours credit per semester; permission to take 
twelve or more must be obtained from the 
Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid. 

Occasionally, a former special student will 
apply for admission as a degree-seeking 
student. In that case, he follows the regular 
procedure. Once enrolled as a special 
student, a student cannot change his status 
in that semester. 

submit his application at any time up to the 
first day of class, it is more convenient if he 
submits his application well in advance. 

Senior Citizens 

Under the provisions of the Senior Citizens 
Higher Education Act of 1974, legal 
residents of Virginia sixty-two years of age 
and older may take courses at State- 
supported colleges at reduced rates, 
provided space is available. 

Senior citizens should follow the same 
application procedures as special students. 

Readmission to the College 

A special student may apply for residential 
accommodations only if he is permitted to 
enroll for twelve or more hours. A special 
student is admitted to the College for one 
semester at a time and must reapply each 

The special student should submit the 
appropriate application, and proof of high 
school graduation or a statement of good 
standing, or of graduation from another 
college. Graduation and good standing are 
most easily validated by having an official 
transcript sent to the Office of Admissions 
and Financial Aid; the student can also bring 
validated credentials to an official in the 
Office of Admissions and Financial Aid. 

The special student will be notified of the 
specific time of registration. Although he may 

Regularly enrolled Mary Washington students 
apply each year for readmission to the fall 
session. The form is mailed early in the 
second semester and must be returned by a 
specified deadline with a $10.00 application 
fee and a $100.00 room deposit for 
dormitory students, or a $50.00 fee deposit 
for day students. The readmission application 
and room deposit must be returned by the 
deadline if residential space is to be 
guaranteed. Students whose completed 
application and deposit are received after the 
deadline may be placed on a waiting list for 
residential accommodations. 

The $10.00 reapplication fee is non- 
refundable; the $100.00 room deposit or 
$50.00 fee deposit is applied to the student's 
account for the following session. It is not 
normally refundable after a specified deadline 

28 Readmission to the College 
Medical Examination 

unless the student is ineligible to continue, 
or unless the Comptroller and Dean of 
Admissions and Financial Aid agree that 
unusual circumstances justify a refund. 

Although the College makes every effort to 
furnish readmission applications directly to 
enrolled students, it is the responsibility of 
the individual student to file the application. 
Forms are available from the Dean of 
Admissions and Financial Aid. 

Readmission After Leave of Absence. 

A student who wishes to return after a leave 
of absence should write the Dean of 
Admissions and Financial Aid and ask for a 
readmission form. He returns the form with 
the $10.00 reapplication fee and the room or 
fee deposit, under the same conditions as 
regularly enrolled students applying for 

Unless there is an exceptional circumstance, 
a student who takes a leave of absence from 
the College can expect to be readmitted 
without difficulty. He should apply as soon 
as possible, especially if he wishes 
residential accommodations. 

Readmission While on Probation. A 

student on probation will normally be 
readmitted to the following session, but if he 
does not return to that session and does not 
arrange for a leave of absence, he must 
make application for readmittance. If the 
student has attended another institution, the 
work there, as well as that at Mary 
Washington, will be taken into consideration 
by the Committee on Admissions. 

Readmission After Suspension. A student 
suspended from the College for other than 
academic reasons, should apply for 
readmission to the Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid. 

A student suspended for academic reasons 
will not be considered for readmission until 
he has been away from the College for at 
least two semesters (the full summer session 
counting as a semester). When he applies 
for readmission, the Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid will consult with the Dean of 
the College. The student also may be asked 
to meet with the Dean to discuss possibilities 
of academic success if readmitted. 

Readmission After Withdrawal. A student 
who withdraws from the College during the 
semester or at the end of a semester is not 
automatically readmitted, but must make 
application through the Dean of Admissions 
and Financial Aid. If he has attended another 
institution, the work there, as well as that at 
Mary Washington, will be taken into 
consideration by the Committee on Admissions. 

Medical Examination 

Every entering student who intends to reside 
on campus must present a certificate from a 
physician stating that he has had a recent 
physical examination. A form for the doctor's 
use is enclosed with the offer of admission 
and should be completed and returned no 
later than August 1. 

Fees and Assistance 

Semester Fees and Expenses 

The College has an inclusive fee schedule, 
with only a charge of $7.00 for the use of 
academic regalia in the senior year and a 
$25.00 contingent fee beyond the fees 
stated below. 

Questions related to fees and payment 
procedures should be directed to the Office 
of the Comptroller, Room 111, George 
Washington Hall. Questions relating to 
financial assistance and general college 
expenses should be forwarded to the Dean 
of Admissions and Financial Aid, Room 303, 
George Washington Hall. 

Semester Fees and Expenses 

The fee schedule below was in effect for the 
regular session, 1976-77. These fees, 
however, are subject to revision for the 
1977-78 session. The summer session fee 
schedule is announced in the summer 
session bulletin. 

Residential Students. Any student carrying 
twelve semester credit hours or more is a 
full-time student. 

1976-77 FEES 

Year Total 

Per Semester 



$ 788.00 

$ 394.00 














Year Total 

Per Semester 




3 816.50 















32 Semester Fees and Expenses 

The residential fee includes laundry and 
Infirmary Services. 

The board charge includes fhree meals a 
day, seven days a week, throughout the 
academic session. All residential students are 
required to participate in the board plan; no 
partial plans are available. 

Full-time Non-residential Students. Any 

student carrying twelve semester credit hours 
or more is a full-time student. 







Year Total Per Semester 

$ 788.00 $ 394.00 

32.00 16.00 

820.00 $ 410.00 







Year Total Per Semester 

$1,633.00 $ 816.50 

32.00 16.00 

$1,665.00 $ 832.50 

Part-time Students. No student will be 
admitted on a part-time basis who registers 
for more than eleven semester credit hours. 

Virginia Students pay $28.00 and non- 
Virginia Students pay $56.00 per credit hour. 

Students participating in the off-campus 
teacher training program are part-time 
students, and charges are based on the 
number of credits for which the student is 
enrolled at Mary Washington (at least six 
hours for student teaching). 

Part-time students are not ordinarily eligible 
for laundry, infirmary, dining hall services, or 
admission to those events covered by the 
Student Activity Fee. A part-time student may 
participate in these services by paying the 
fee at registration. Use of these services will 
depend on their availability at the time of the 
request. Fees will be billed by the semester, 
with a part-time student paying the same as 
a full-time student. 

Application Fee. An application fee of 
$10.00 must accompany every application 
for admission from a new student or from a 
returning student. This fee is applied to the 
cost of processing the application for 
admission. It is entirely separate from other 
fees, is not refundable, and cannot be 
deducted from other charges. 

Contingent Fee. A full-time student must 
pay a $25.00 contingent fee in addition to 
the fees outlined above. It is added each 
year to the bill for the first semester the 
student is on campus, and is due with the 
first payment. 

Semester Fees and Expenses 
Terms of Payment 

Each student is held responsible tor the care 
and preservation of College property and, as 
far as possible, all damage to buildings and 
equipment will be repaired at the expense of 
the student causing such damage. The fee is 
also used to cover any existing balance in 
the student's account at the end of the year. 
Any unused portion of the contingent fee is 
returned at the end of the year. 

Infirmary Fee. Nonresidential students are 
eligible to use the Infirmary for a fee of 
$45.00 per semester, collected with other 
College fees. Arrangements for Infirmary 
privileges must be made with the Comptroller 
prior to the opening of residence halls. 

Payment of the fee entitles the student to 
receive sick call privileges identical to those 
provided for residential students. Should the 
student be confined to the Infirmary, there is 
a charge of $6.00 per day or portion of a 
day for meals and a bed. This per diem 
charge and any prescribed medication is 
charged to the student's account. 

A student enrolling for the service must have 
the results of a physical examination on file 
in the Infirmary four weeks prior to entering 
the College before his eligibility is complete. 
For more information and appropriate forms, 
contact the Infirmary, P.O. Box 1095, College 
Station, Fredericksburg, Virginia 22401. 

Senior Citizens. A legal resident of Virginia 
sixty-five years of age or older may take 
courses at Mary Washington at reduced rates 
provided space is available. A resident 
having a taxable income not exceeding 
$5,000.00 for federal income tax purposes 

for the preceding year may enroll in courses 
for credit or non-credit or may audit credit 
courses (attend classes without receiving 
grades) at no charge. A senior citizen 
resident with federal taxable income levels 
exceeding $5,000,000 may audit credit 
courses or enroll in non-credit courses 
without paying general college fees, but must 
pay general college fees if he wishes to take 
courses for college credit. The application 
fee of $10.00 will be charged an applicant 
whose taxable income exceeds $5,000.00. 
A senior citizen may enroll in up to three 
credit or non-credit courses per semester 
with no limit to the number of semesters. 

For complete information contact the Dean 
of Admissions and Financial Aid. Box 1098, 
College Station, Fredericksburg, Virginia 
22401, Telephone (703) 373-7250, Ext. 281. 

Terms of Payment 

All fees, room rent, and board are billed and 
payable in advance by the semester. 

Room and Tuition Deposits. After 
notification of acceptance for admission or 
readmission by the Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid, a room deposit of $100.00 is 
required of a residential student, and a 
$50.00 tuition deposit of a nonresidential 
student. No student will be assigned a 
residence hall room until the payment of 
$100.00 has been received. These deposits 
are not normally refundable after a 
specified deadline and are applied to the 
fees for the regular session immediately 

Terms of Payment 

Exceptions to the policy will be made only in 
the most unusual circumstances, as 
determined by the Comptroller and the Dean 
of Admissions and Financial Aid. 

Statements and Due Dates. Any variations 

from the terms of payment listed below must 
be approved in writing by the Comptroller 
prior to the due dates. 

A full-time student is mailed a statement well 
in advance of the beginning of each 
semester. All payment is due by the date 
specified on the statement. A part-time 
student is required to make payment in full 
at registration. No part-time student will be 
allowed to complete registration until the 
account is paid in full. 

Known scholarships and loans are credited 
at one-half the annual award per semester 
and will be shown on the semester 
statement. If an award has not been credited 
on the statement, notify the Office of the 
Comptroller immediately so that a revised 
bill may be prepared. 

If a full-time student has not received a 
statement of charges and fees by two weeks 
prior to the opening of the Semester, he 
should notify the Office of the Comptroller as 
soon as possible, so that a statement can be 
prepared, mailed, and the account paid prior 
to registration. 

If full payment for fees and tuition has not 
been received by the due date, or if 
satisfactory payment arrangements have not 
been made with the Comptroller, the student 

will not be permitted to register. Any student 
whose full account, including charges such 
as library fines and lost book charges, 
parking tickets, dining hall guest charges, 
Infirmary charges, and lost key charges, is 
not settled at the end of the semester, will 
not be able to receive grades, transcript, or 
be eligible to return to the College until the 
account is settled, or satisfactory 
arrangements are made to settle the 

Delinquent Accounts. Any charge incurred 
in collecting a delinquent account will be 
added to the account. This applies, but is 
not limited to. charges by an attorney or 
collection agency. 

Any check submitted for payment of College 
fees that is returned for insufficient funds, or 
similar reasons normally will not be 
resubmitted for payment. A cashier's check 
in full payment will be required. 

Refund of Fees. A student who withdraws 

from the College during the semester should 
notify the Office of the Registrar and 
complete the withdrawal form. A copy of the 
form will be sent to the Office of the 
Comptroller and will serve as the basis for 
withdrawal charges and credits. 

Any student forced to withdraw for reasons 
beyond his control should speak to the 
appropriate College official (the Counseling 
Office, Registrar, etc.) who may advise 
discussing the adjustment of charges with 
the Comptroller. 

Terms of Payment 
Classification as a Virginia Student 

All students, full- or part-time, residential or 
nonresidential must withdraw through the 
Ottice of the Registrar. Adjustment of 
charges and credits may be made only by 
the Office of the Comptroller. 

The following charges are applicable for 
students withdrawing during the semester: 

Withdrawal Charges 

(In Effect for Regular Session 1976-77) 

Check Cashing. A student may cash checks 
for small sums at the College Shop and at 
the College Bookstore. Checks which are 
returned to the Office of the Comptroller for 
insufficient funds will be charged a fee of 
$5.00. A second violation will incur a $5.00 
charge and will result in check cashing 
privileges being suspended in College 
facilities for thirty (30) days. Subsequent 
violations will result in a $5.00 charge and 
check cashing privileges being suspended 
for the remainder of the semester. 


day of 

day of 

day of 







$ 80.00 
















$ 5.00 

$ 16.00 

$ 16.00 


Infirmary Fee 

$ 10.00 

$ 22.50 

$ 45.00 

BOARD-A student will be charged $3.20, a day or 
portion of a day for each day in residence beginning 
with the opening of the residence halls. 

Part-time Students. A part-time student 
who completely withdraws from the College 
will be charged twenty percent of general 
college fees and/or tuition from the 1st 
through the 15th day of the semester, one 
half of charges from the 16th through the 
55th day of the semester, and full charges 
after the 55th day. 

Reporting Financial Aid Not Provided by 
Mary Washington. If a student is 
receiving financial aid from a source other 
than the College, it is his responsibility to 
insure that notification of the award, its 
amount, and method of payment have 
reached the Office of the Comptroller by the 
opening of school. Failure to provide such 
notification could result in a student's 
account being delinquent. 

Classification as a Virginia Student 

To be considered a Virginia student for any 
given semester, the applicant must have 
been a legal resident in the State of Virginia 
for at least the year preceding the beginning 
of that semester. If the student resides with 
his father, the father must have been a legal 

For the purpose of determining withdrawal charges, the 
semester begins with the first day of classes A 
residential student withdrawing prior to the first day of 
classes will be charged the $100.00 room deposit and 
$3.20 a day or portion of a day for board charges. 

36 Classification as a Virginia Student 
Campus Bank 
Financial Assistance 

resident of the State of Virginia for at least 
the year preceding the semester in question, 
and must have paid Virginia State Income 
Tax on his total earnings during this time. In 
the event that a student claims legal 
residence separate from the father's, the 
burden is upon the student to provide, by 
convincing evidence, that he has been a 
legal resident of Virginia for the necessary 
period, and has taken some definite step to 
establish Virginia as his legal residence. 

For tuition purposes, the married female 
must take the legal residence of her husband 
unless she can show evidence of an 
established legal domicile different from that 
of her husband. 

Questions on classification for tuition 
purposes should be addressed to the 
Comptroller. A request for classification 
change from non-resident to resident must 
be made in writing. 

Campus Bank 

Through special arrangements, a branch of 
the Farmers and Merchants State Bank is 
located in Ann Carter Lee Hall. Students are 
encouraged to use the services available. 
The College discourages students from 
keeping large sums of cash. 

Financial Assistance 

Mary Washington College's policy is to 
provide, without regard to race, sex, color, 
rplininn nr national nrinin financial 

assistance to any student who otherwise 
would not have sufficient resources to 
provide for his educational expenses. A 
part-time student, registered for less than six 
hours per semester, is not eligible for 
consideration. Where the financial needs of 
the applicants exceed available College 
resources, those applicants who demonstrate 
the greatest need will be given priority. 

Assistance provided by the College may be a 
grant, a loan, a work assignment, or any 
combination of the three. Recipients of 
scholarships are selected on the basis of 
financial need and academic merit, with the 
exception of the Regional Scholarship which 
is based solely on merit. Each year about 
$500,000.00 is shared by more than 300 students. 

Awards, ranging from $100.00 to amounts 
covering fees, books and tuition are made 
for a one-year period. The College reserves 
the right to adjust the aid offer if a student's 
financial situation is changed by an award or 
job received subsequently from outside 
sources, or by a material improvement in the 
finances of the applicant or applicant's 
family. A returning student must re-apply for 
financial assistance every year, and the 
amount of aid may vary depending upon the 
parents' financial circumstances, the amount 
of resources available to the College, and 
the student's academic record. 

All assistance awarded is based on 
demonstrated financial need as determined 
by the College Scholarship Service of which 
the College is a member. A dependent 
student seeking such assistance must file 
with the CSS a nomnleted conv of the PCS. 

Scholarships and Grants 

For independent and married students a 
SFS must be filed. These statements may be 
obtained from a secondary school or from 
the CSS, Box 176, Princeton, New Jersey 
08540, or Box 1025, Berkeley, California 94701 . 

For a freshman and transfer student, March 
1 is the deadline for the College's receipt of 
the PCS or SFS. Therefore, an applicant 
should file his statements with the CSS by 
February 1 . Once the College has received 
the PCS or SFS, it will send the student an 
Application for Financial Assistance which 
must be returned by April 1. Award 
notification is sent in mid-April. 

A currently enrolled student must file both 
the College's Application for Assistance and 
the PCS or SFS by April 15. These forms are 
available in the Office of Admissions and 
Financial Aid. 

A Virginia applicant, regardless of his family 
income level, is required to apply for the 
College Scholarship Assistance Program 

Ownership or control of a motor vehicle by a 
student receiving financial aid is considered 
to be an indication of increased overall 
financial strength. Therefore, the Blue Book 
value of the vehicle is ordinarily added to the 
student's capital assets, and his financial aid 
is usually reduced somewhat. A student who 
plans to have a motor vehicle on campus 
must submit information concerning make, 
model, and year of the vehicle with his 
application for aid. 

Each student is expected to help himself 
through part-time and summer employment 
and by borrowing against future earnings. 

Any request received after the deadlines will 
be considered only if additional funds are 
available. No action will be taken on an 
application until the student has been 
admitted or readmitted to the College. 

A candidate for early decision, whose 
completed application is received prior to 
November 1, will be notified of his award by 
December 1. For the College to receive the 
PCS or SFS statements by November 1 , the 
applicant should file them with the College 
Scholarship Service not later than October 1. 

An applicant for financial assistance, whose 
total family income is less than $15,000.00, 
is required to apply for a federal Basic 
Educational Opportunity Grant (BEOG). 

Scholarships and Grants 

All scholarship and grant recipients must maintain at 
least good standing or better, as stipulated by the 
scholarship, and make normal progress toward a 

Regional Scholarship Program. Each spring, alumni 
committees select twenty-five outstanding and promising 
first-year students as Regional Scholars, twenty of 
whom will come from Virginia's ten Congressional 
Districts and five from among out-of-state nominees. 
This four-year $1,000.00 honor scholarship is given to a 
student with or without financial need, in recognition of 
superior academic preparation and potential for 
achievement. To retain this scholarship, a student must 
maintain a grade point average of 2.5 in his freshman 
year and 3.0 in subsequent years to be eligible for 
consideration. A student must be nominated by his high 
school principal or guidance counselor before he may 
apply for the scholarship. An applicant for the 
scholarship must also be an applicant for admission. 

35 Scholarships and Grants 

Lalla Gresham Ball Scholarships. T nese scholarships 
were established by Mrs. Jessie Ball duPont in memory 
of her mother. An applicant must reside in one of the 
following counties of Virginia: King George. 
Westmoreland, Northumberland. Richmond, Lancaster. 
Essex, King, and Queen. These scholarships may be 
renewed annually provided the recipient maintains good 
academic standing (a C or 2.0 overall average) and 
demonstrates financial need. 

Mary Washington College Anonymous 
Scholarships. These scholarships are awarded 
annually to students in need of financial assistance, with 
not less than an overall C average. 

Scholarships. Through a generous friend of 
the College, an ample fund for biology scholarships has 
been established. Juniors and seniors majoring in 
biology or biochemistry, who have earned at Mary 
Washington a B or 3.0 average in those courses taken 
in the major subject and a 2.5 average in all courses 
completed at the College are eligible to apply. Awards 
will be made upon recommendation of the department 
chairman and the Committee on Financial Aid. and 
approval by the President. These scholarships are also 
available to students planning graduate work in biology 
or biochemistry. 

State of Virginia Scholarships. These partial 
scholarships are awarded on the basis of demonstrated 
financial need to regular full-time students who are legal 
residents of Virginia. 

The Virginia College Scholarship Assistance 
Program Grant, The Virginia College Scholarship 
Assistance Program provides need-based grants and 
loans to Virginia students enrolled in Virginia public and 
private institutions of higher learning. The program's 
purpose is to serve as one means of guaranteeing that 
financial conditions will not prevent the Commonwealth's 
college-age students from gaining access to higher 

Applications usually must be filed no later than March 
31 with the State Council of Higher Education for 
Virginia, and this agency must also be designated a 
recipient of the Parents' Confidential Statement or 
Student Financial Statement with a postmark deadline of 
not later than March 31 . Applications are available in 
secondary schools and in the Office of Admissions and 
Financial Aid. 

Davison-Foreman Foundation Grants. Through a 
generous gift from the Davison-Foreman Foundation, 
the College is able to award a number of grants based 
upon need and academic potential, with preference 
given to out-of-state students. 

Chi Beta Phi Scholarships. This national honorary 
scientific fraternity awards annual scholarships of 
approximately S300.00 each to outstanding students 
majoring in science or mathematics. Preference is given 
to members of Chi Beta Phi. 

Carol E. Casto Memorial Scholarship Fund. 

Established by Mr. and Mrs. Harold J. Casto. in memory 
of their daughter, this gift of at least half of the cost of 
the general college and student activities fees is 
awarded annually to a resident of Virginia. Although 
preference is given to applicants from Arlington County, 
students from other counties in Virginia may apply. 

The Chandler Scholarship. Algernon B. Chandler, 
President of Mary Washington from 1919 to 1928. 
bequeathed S1 .000.00 to the College. The proceeds are 
used toward the education of a junior or senior selected 
on the basis of scholarship and need. 

Ann Elizabeth Fitschen Memorial Political Science 
Award. Established by gifts from family, friends, and 
classmates of Ann Elizabeth Fitschen '75, a cash award 
is made annually to the senior majoring in Political 
Science with the best academic average, as determined 
by members of the Department of Economics and 
Political Science. An additional sum is presented 
annually to the Department, on behalf of the recipient, 
to be spent at the discretion of the Chairman. 

Carrol H. Quenzel Memorial Scholarship Fund. 

Established in memory of Dr. Carrol H. Quenzel. former 
Mary Washington Librarian and Professor of History, 
these annual scholarships are awarded to deserving 
junior and senior students. Preference is given first to 
those who worked in the previous semester or are 
working in the current semester in the Library, and then 
to students majoring in history. 

Lynn Ruby Memorial Scholarship Fund. Established 
in memory of Lynn Ruby '68. this award is given first to 
graduates of Woodbridge Senior High School, 
Woodbridge. Virginia, and then to residents of the State 
of Ohio. 

Minnie Rob Phaup Memorial Scholarship. 

Established in memory of Minnie Rob Phaup. of the 

Scholarships and Grants 
Special Forms of Assistance 

Mary Washington College faculty, this scholarship may 
be awarded to an outstanding junior or senior in 
psychology or for graduate study in psychology. 

Maurine Arnott Scholarship Fund. This scholarship 
was established by a bequest from Maurine Arnott. 
Income from the funds is used to aid worthy and needy 
students, with preference given to female students. 

Ann Elizabeth Collins Memorial Art Award. 

Established in memory of Ann Elizabeth Collins '73, by 
friends, relatives, and faculty, this award is a $50.00 
cash prize given annually to the student who has the 
greatest potential for pen and ink drawings and 
graphics. The recipient is selected by members of the 
Department of Art, and the award is presented at the 
Student Art Show or another appropriate recognition 

Albert R. Klein Memorial Scholarship Fund. 

Established in memory of Dr. Albert R. Klein, former 
Chairman of the Department of Dramatic Arts and 
Speech, this annual award provides partial scholarships. 
Preference is given to students pursuing a major or 
concentrated effort in drama or speech. 

The Michael Houston Memorial Fund. Established in 
1973 in memory of Michael Houston, the first Vice 
President of the College and Associate Professor of 
History, scholarships are awarded to students whose 
parents are among the classified personnel of the 

The Thomas Howard and Elizabeth Merchant Tardy 
Endowment Fund. This fund was established in 1962 
by Mrs. Ida Elizabeth Tardy. The income from the grant 
is used primarily to aid students descended from James 
R. Tardy and his wife, Mary M. Tardy, and from William 
H. Merchant and his wife, Belle Ashby Merchant. 

Supplementary Educational Opportunity Grants. 

Established by the Higher Education Act of 1965 and 
subsequent amendments, these grants of $200.00 to 
$1,500.00 are awarded to students of exceptional 
financial need who otherwise would not be able to 
attend the College. These awards must be equally 
matched by other College aid. Recipients must be 
capable of maintaining good academic standing. 

Basic Educational Opportunity Grant. The Basic 
Educational Opportunity Grant Program was designed 
by the Federal government to provide financial 
assistance for those who without such assistance could 

not attend college. Basic grants are intended to be the 
floor of a financial aid package and may be combined 
with other forms of aid to meet the cost of education. 
The amount of a Basic Grant is determined by student 
and family financial resources. 

Unlike a loan, a Basic Grant (BEOG) does not have to 
be repaid. Awards range between $200.00 and 
$1600.00. Applications are available in the secondary 
schools and in the College's Office of Admissions and 

Financial Aid. 

Special Forms of Assistance 

Special funds, not administered by the Office of 
Admissions and Financial Aid, are available to assist 
students with their academic pursuits. Following are 
details about these funds 

Richard S. Cross Grants for Undergraduate 
Research. Established by the late Richard S. Cross, of 
the College's first Board of Visitors, and supported by 
the generosity of his family, these grants are available to 
support student research projects which have been 
approved for academic credit by the departments and 
by the appropriate College committee. Further 
information may be obtained from the Assistant Dean 
for Instruction. 

The Grellet C. Simpson International Scholarship 
(for study abroad). Given for the first time by the 
Alumni Association in the spring of 1974 in honor of the 
retirement of College President Grellet C. Simpson, this 
award carries a stipend of a maximum of $2,500.00 for 
up to a year's study abroad. Interested students who 
have completed thirty-six credit hours at Mary 
Washington College should submit a proposed program 
of study and budget to the Dean of the College. 

Annie Fleming Smith Scholarship Fund. This 
scholarship was established by Mrs. Elsie Ball Bowley in 
memory of Mrs. Annie Fleming Smith, whose efforts 
made possible the preservation of Kenmore. the home 
of George Washington's sister. The recipient is to 
devote to the Kenmore Association as much time and 
service as the authorities of Mary Washington prescribe. 
In awarding this scholarship, primary consideration is 
given to students from the Virginia Northern Neck, 
consisting of King George, Westmoreland. Richmond. 
Lancaster, and Northumberland counties Inquiries 
should be addressed to the Dean of the College. 

40 Special Forms of Assistance 
Student Employment 

Lt. General Albert J. Bowley Scholarship Fund. 

This scholarship was established by Mrs. Elsie Ball 
Bowley in memory of her husband. Lt. General Albert J. 
Bowley, a distinguished officer of the United States 
Army. The recipient is to devote to the James Monroe 
Memorial Library as much of her time and services as 
the authorities of Mary Washington College prescribe. 
Consideration is first given to juniors and seniors who 
are daughters of service personnel, and then to 
students from foreign countries (preferably Latin 
Americans), or to upperclassmen whose major interests 
and work lie in the fields of history or political science. 
Inquiries should be addressed to the Dean of the 

Director of Financial Aid Discretionary Fund. 

Established in 1971 by the Cap and Gown Chapter of 
Mortar Board, this fund assists currently enrolled 
students in need of a cash sum. For information 
contact the Office of the Director of Admissions and 

Financial Aid. 


The National Direct Student Loan Program. Funds 
for this program are provided jointly by the Federal 
government and the College. A borrower must carry at 
least six credit hours per semester, need the amount 
awarded, be capable of maintaining good academic 
standing, and be a citizen or permanent resident of the 
United States. The amount of each loan is determined 
by the Assistant Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid 
upon review of the Confidential Financial Statement. 

No interest on the loan will accrue prior to the 
beginning of the repayment period, which begins nine 
months from the date the borrower ceases to carry at 
least six credit hours per semester. Interest thereafter is 
paid at the rate of three percent annually. 

The Guaranteed Student Loan Program. The 

Guaranteed Student Loan Program allows eligible 
students to borrow funds to meet college expenses at 
an interest rate lower than that for most conventional 
commercial bank loans. The major purpose of the 
Guaranteed Student Loan Program is to provide loans 
to students from middle income families who do not 
qualify for assistance from other sources. Commercial 
banks, savings and loan associations, credit unions and 
other similar lending institutions participate in this 

program. In most cases, the maximum a lending institution 
will allow a student to borrow is 32,000.00 per 
academic year. To be eligible a student must be a 
United States national, be enrolled in or plan to enroll in 
six or more credit hours of work and be in good 
academic standing. 

Application for these loans is made directly with the 
lending institution. 

Student Employment 

The College offers many opportunities for part-time 
employment. Demonstrated need and the ability to 
perform the job are primary factors in awarding the 
assignment. It is not necessary to demonstrate financial 
need to be eligible for campus employment. Most 
positions, which include those in the Library, residence 
halls, laboratories, dining hall, and faculty offices, pay 
about 3550.00 to 5750.00 for the nine-month session. 
Inquiries should be directed to the Office of Admissions 
and Financial Aid. Box 1098, College Station, 
Fredericksburg, Virginia 22401 . The office is located in 
Room 303, George Washington Hall. Application for 
student employment should be made by March 15. 

College Work-Study Program. Employment is 
available through this program to qualified full-time 
students and those carrying at least six credit hours per 
semester, who have demonstrated financial need. 
Students usually work from ten to fifteen hours per 
week either in on-campus or off-campus programs. 
Opportunities are also available for full-time summer 
employment in public or other non-profit organizations 
throughout the State. Net earnings from this program 
are to be used in meeting college expenses. Address 
inquiries to the Office of Admissions and Financial Aid, 
Box 1098, College Station, Fredericksburg, Virginia 
22401 . The office is located in Room 303, George 
Washington Hall. 


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i»i 4 

Program of Studies 

Major Programs 

As a college of liberal arts and sciences, 
Mary Washington concentrates on those 
disciplines considered egually valuable as 
preparation for careers, graduate study, 
professional schools, citizenship, and 
individual development. 

We recognize that making decisions is an 
important part of the educational process. 
Students at Mary Washington College have 
many choices to make. Naturally, faculty 
advisers are available to assist in planning 
the program of study, but the final decision 
is always the student's own. 

Central to the academic program is flexibility. 
Degree requirements are stated, not in terms 
of specific courses, but in terms of 
accomplishing certain purposes. Students are 
expected to show competence in English 
composition and in foreign language, and to 
investigate four broad areas of the liberal 
curriculum: literature, the humanities, the 
social sciences, mathematics and the natural 
sciences. Then, each student takes eight to 
twelve courses concentrated in one subject 
or area. These constitute the major. 

Significantly, basic requirements and the 
major account for only a little more than half 
of a student's four-year course of study. 
How to fulfill the remaining credit hours is 
something each student must decide. The 
College encourages each student to use all 
of his resources to develop a rich and 
diverse overall program. Some options, 
which further encourage flexibility and 
diversity, are independent study courses, 
opportunities for special majors, the pass/fail 

option, and the availability of academic 
internship programs. 

Major Programs 

The College offers four ways to organize 
studies: the departmental major; the 
interdisciplinary major; cooperative majors; 
and the special (individually designed) major. 

Departmental Majors. 

Art (history) 
Art (studio) 

Classics (Latin) 

Dramatic Arts 








Political Science 





These major programs are offered through 
various academic departments. Courses for 
these majors are listed later in the catalog, 
and specific requirements for the major 
programs are available through the particular 

Interdisciplinary Majors. 

American Studies Pre-Foreign Service 

Classical Civilization Russian Studies 

The curricula in these four programs provide 
an interdisciplinary approach to study of the 

44 Major Programs 

Pre-Professional and Career-Focus Opportunities 

fields. In an interdepartmental program, 
students combine work in a variety of related 
areas with core courses offered specifically 
for the programs. Since guidelines for each 
of these majors are individually organized, 
students should plan their programs carefully 
in consultation with the adviser in the 
particular field. 

Cooperative Majors. 

Medical Technology 

Speech Pathology and Audiology 

Students majoring in these programs follow 
the same degree program as for any major 
program, except that the final thirty credits, 
including most of the work for the major 
program, are earned off-campus at a 
cooperating institution. The undergraduate 
degree in these programs is awarded by 
Mary Washington College. General 
descriptions of the programs appear in the 
Programs and Course Offerings section of 
this catalog, and specific information is 
available from the program advisers. 

Special Majors. Students may develop their 
own major programs by combining courses 
from two or more departments which define 
a field of concentration. Recently, majors 
have been arranged in such areas as 
ecology, modern European studies, 
linguistics, anthropology, and Asian studies 
among others. These majors are individually 
planned by the student with a faculty adviser 
and must be approved by the middle of the 
student's junior year. Further information on 
the special major option is available from the 
Office of the Assistant Dean for Academic 

Pre-Professional and Career-Focus 

The College offers several career-oriented 
blocks of courses or supervised experiences 
designed to guide students toward 
concentration in specific areas not highlighted 
by established departmental offerings. 
Included in this category are pre-professional 
and career-focus opportunities, academic 
internships and planned-transfer groupings. 
These are not majors, but selected 
concentrations or off-campus work providing 
entry-level preparation for employment or 
professional study. 

Course Groupings. Related courses have been 
combined in a number of areas to provide 
students with general background in 
particular fields. These include pre-law and 
pre-medical studies, career-focus 
opportunities in cartography, communications, 
human learning, and social work. Each of 
these course groupings is described later in 
this catalog, and each has a faculty adviser 
who should be consulted for guidelines. 

Academic Internships. Mary Washington 
College offers its students a program of 
academic internships, which allows qualified 
juniors and seniors to work in off-campus 
positions where they may apply and expand 
their knowledge under expert guidance. 
Cooperating departments at the College 
supervise the interns and award up to twelve 
credit hours of approved academic credit, for 
the experience. Interested students should 
consult with the appropriate department 
or the Director of the College Internship 

Pre-Professional and Career-Focus Opportunities 
Degree Specitics 

Planned-Transfer Groupings. Students 
interested in physical therapy and nursing 
careers can complete two years of study at 
Mary Washington College, transfer, and earn 
a degree according to the transfer school's 
admission and degree requirements. The 
specific grouping of courses for these 
planned-transfer programs should be 
arranged with the College program adviser in 
conjunction with the transfer institution's 

Degree Specifics 

Mary Washington College offers the degrees 
of Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, 
and Bachelor of Science in Medical 
Technology. The degree is determined by 
the choice of the major program. 

All degrees require 122 semester credit 
hours, distributed in five categories: basic 
requirements, diversification, the major 
program, electives, and physical education. 
No course can be scored in more than one 
category. In addition, all students must 
demonstrate competence in English 
composition and in foreign language. 

Basic Requirements. Two one-semester 
courses or a one-year course, for a total of 
at least six credits, is required in each of the 
following areas: 

Literature— literature courses in classics, 
English, and modern foreign languages; 

Humanities— appropriate courses in art, 
classics, dance, dramatic arts, music, 
philosophy, religion, and speech; 

Social Science— appropriate courses in 
anthropology, economics, geography, 
history, linguistics, political science, 
psychology, and sociology; 

Natural Science and Mathematics— 
appropriate courses in astronomy, biology, 
chemistry, geology, mathematics, physics, 
and statistics. 

Courses applied to the basic requirements 
are identified in the course listings by the 
symbol referring to the area division listed 
above. In every case, the content of the 
course, not the department in which it is 
taught, determines whether or not it can be 
used to fulfill a basic requirement. 

Diversification. At least one-third (forty 
credits) of the courses required for 
graduation must be taken in a subject or 
subjects other than the major subject. These 
are in addition to courses taken for basic 
requirement. Degree programs based on the 
minimum of 122 hours can have no more 
than forty-five percent (fifty-five credits) of 
the total degree program in the same 
subject, unless they have been approved as 
Greater Concentration Programs. (See 
below.) Students in interdepartmental majors 
can use any course for diversification. 

Major Program. Up to one-third (a 
maximum of forty credits) of the degree 
program may be required in the major 

Electives. Additional courses must be taken 
to complete a total of 120 semester hours 
credit, exclusive of the required one year 
(two credits) in physical education. 

46 Degree Specifics 

Alternate Degree Program Allowing for Greater Concentration 
Additional Course Information 

Physical Education. Each student is 
required to take two credits ot physical 
education or studio dance. 

Demonstration of Competence 

English Composition. Each student must 
demonstrate competence in English 
composition, normally by successfully 
completing a writing workshop (English 101.) 
However, some students establish 
competence on other bases. 

Interested students must apply for approval 
to the Committee on Special Degree 
Programs, at any time through the junior 
year. The Committee will consult with the 
appropriate departments concerning the 
student's preparation, if the basic requirements 
have not been completed at the time of 

Additional Course Information 

Foreign Language. Each student must 
demonstrate competence equivalent to the 
completion of the intermediate-level college 
course in foreign language. Students who do 
not have four units of one language in 
secondary school will be required to 
complete the intermediate course, unless 
excused by the department. 

Alternate Degree Program Allowing 
for Greater Concentration 

Students with exceptional backgrounds and 
particularized interests may apply for a 
degree program with greater concentration 
than the normal degree program. In an 
approved Alternate Degree Program, up to 
one-half of the total program may be taken in 
a major subject: up to three-quarters of the 
total program may be taken in a single area 
(areas are those defined under basic 
requirements: literature, humanities, social 
sciences, and mathematics and natural 
sciences): at least one-quarter of the total 
program must be taken in an area other than 
that including the major subject. 

Programs and Course Offerings. This 

section of the catalog contains general 
descriptions of the College departments and 
programs and a specific listing of all courses 
offered at the College. Not all courses are 
taught each semester, and students are 
advised to consult the schedule of classes, 
issued a few weeks before each semester, to 
obtain specific data on which courses will be 
offered. The schedule of classes also details 
the number of class meetings, the time and 
place of the classes, as well as the 
instructors for the various courses. 
Information on the major programs offered 
by the academic departments is available 
from the chairman of the department. 

Course Levels and Prerequisites. Course 
offerings are divided into lower level 
(100 200) and upper level (300 400). 
Courses numbered 100 through 199 are 
usually regarded as elementary or 
introductory courses. Courses numbered 200 
through 299 usually assume some prior 
study in the subject, either in high school or 
college. Courses numbered 300 through 499 
are advanced courses and usually assume 

previous course work or special competence 
in the field. Courses numPered 500 are 
Honors courses or internships. 

course must Pe taken in sequence, Put if a 
student decides not to enroll for the second 
semester, he receives full credit for the first. 

Before enrolling in a course, a student 
should check necessary prerequisites. Some 
departments have a Peginning course that is 
prerequisite to all other courses in the 
department, such as Chemistry 111, VI 2, a 
fact which is stated at the Peginning of the 
course listings. In other departments, the 
student may Pegin with any of the lower 
level courses; for instance, a student may 
Pegin with any of the 100-200 level Religion 
courses. If a course has a specific 
prerequisite, in addition to any general 
prerequisites for the department, it is part of 
the course description and identifies prior 
content necessary to a particular course. If a 
student judges he can do the work in the 
advanced course without the prerequisite, he 
should talk with the chairman of the 
department involved. 

Continuous Courses. Continuous courses, 
where two semesters are listed together (for 
example, French 101-102; Chemistry 111, 
112; History 357, 358) are of three kinds. 

If the continuous course has neither a 
hyphen nor indication that it must Pe taken 
in sequence, the material in the second 
semester is not dependent upon the material 
in the first. A student may take either or both 
semesters, in order or not. 

Basic Requirements. Courses in the 
College which can be applied to the basic 
requirements are identified by a letter in 
parentheses after the course numPer and 
title: (L) Literature, (H) Humanities, (S) Social 
Science, (N/M) Natural Science and 
Mathematics. Courses not so identified can 
always be used for diversification, and often 
they are appropriate or even necessary for a 
particular major program. 

Credits. Each course title is followed in 
parentheses by the number of credits the 
course carries. 

A course linked with a hyphen (French 
101-102) is a year course in which no credit 
toward graduation will be given for the first 
semester until the second semester is 
successfully completed. 

If a continuous course is not hyphenated but 
is marked "only in sequence," the material 
in the second semester depends upon 
knowledge of the material in the first. The 


• I'llWlIf *"«' 

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American Studies 



American Studies 

(Interdisciplinary Major) 

Professor Thomas, 
Program and Career Advisor 

The American Studies program is designed 
to provide students with a flexible, 
interdisciplinary approach to the study of 
American society. Work taken in other fields, 
history, social science, literature, and the fine 
arts, provides the background for the four 
core American Studies seminars. Designed to 
be taken in the junior and senior years, the 
seminars help students unite departmental 
courses into a manageable, integrated 
understanding of American culture. 

While the seminars range broadly over the 
course of American history, their emphasis is 
upon the late nineteenth and twentieth 
centuries, with the aim of disclosing major 
characteristics of our advanced technological 
society, clarifying its values and assumptions, 
and relating the present to the past and 
future. The seminar method of instruction, 
which is central to the program, offers each 
student ample opportunity to participate fully 
in the learning process. The stress upon 
individual involvement and the program's 
interdisciplinary approach should appeal to 
students interested in a liberal undergraduate 

The American Studies major provides a 
background for students interested in 
teaching, journalism and communications, 
law, library science, museum work, and other 
kinds of public service. 

301— Issues in Contemporary American 
Culture (3) 


An examination of selected current issues in American 
culture. Specific issues will vary from year to year. 

302— The Fine Arts in America (3) 

Examples of modern music, dance, and drama are 
studied to illustrate the role of fine arts in American 

401— Mass Media and American Culture (3) 

A study of the uses and influences of mass media in 
shaping social values. Emphasis on television and 

402 — Impact of Darwin and Freud on 
American Thought (3) 

An examination of the influences of social Darwinism 
and psychoanalytic theory on Twentieth Century 
American thought. 

491, 492— Independent Study (3, 3) 

Directed individual research on problems in American 
studies, as approved by the adviser 


See Sociology and Anthropology. 


Professor King, Chairman; Professors Muick, Oliver; 
Associate Professors Hara. Lamph (Career Adviser. 
Studio Art); Assistant Professors. Komodore. Meyer 
(Career Adviser. Art History). 

The principal aims of both history of art and 
studio art programs are personal enjoyment 
and the development of critical abilities. 

Studio art courses prepare students for 
creative careers as well as for the enjoyment 
of creative experiences. Students have 

opportunities to display their sculpture, 
pottery and painting in regular exhibitions in 
Melchers Hall and in the annual student art 
show held on campus each spring. The 
College experience leads to work in design, 
advertising, publishing, teaching, and 
museum work, such as the design and 
installation of exhibitions. 

In addition to intensive classroom work, 
students have the opportunities to visit major 
museums and galleries in Richmond, 
Baltimore, and Washington, D.C., to view 
first-hand examples of materials introduced 
in class. The departmental library of 40,000 
slides is supplemented by an exceptionally 
strong undergraduate collection of art books 
in the central campus library. 

Art history majors are equipped to continue 
with graduate studies and to enter such 
employment as teaching, art magazine 
writing and editing, sales gallery work or, 
with further training, museum curatorship. 

Students in all disciplines are encouraged to 
take electives in the Department, and there 
are several classes which have no prerequisite, 
including Studio Art 101 and 102, and Art 
History 114, 215, 217 and 305. 


114, 1 1 5— Introduction to the History 

of Art (3, 3) (H) 

Survey of Western art; Art 114 (to 1400), prerequisite 
for 1 15. Each prerequisite for advanced course 
electives in its time span. 

215— The Art of Primitive Peoples (3) (H) 

Introduction to the arts of three major areas of the 
primitive world: Black Africa, Oceania, and 

217— Oriental Art (3) (H) 

India, China, and Japan. Major line of development: 
prehistoric cultures of the Indus Valley; Pre-Buddhist 
through Buddhist art. 

220— History of Graphics (3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Arts 114, 115. The history of European 
prints and printmaking from the 15th century to the 

305— Greek Art (3) (H) 

From the early Iron Age through the Geometric, 
Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic periods. 

306— Roman Art (3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Art 114 or 305. Development of Roman art 
from the Italo-Etruscan period to the Fall of the Roman 

312— Carolingian and Romanesque Art (3) (H) 

Sources and formulation of Western European Art from 
the time of Charlemagne to 1 150. 

313— Gothic Art in France and England (3) (H) 

The Gothic style in architecture, sculpture, the minor 
arts, and manuscript illumination from 1150 to 1400. 

314— Italian Gothic Art (3) 

Painting, sculpture, and architecture of the Proto- 
Renaissance, 1250-1400. 


317— Northern Art (3) (H) 

Painting of the Lowlands, France, and Germany from 
the late medieval period through the 16th century. 

318— Italian Renaissance Painting (3) (H) 

Painting of the Italian Renaissance and its origins in the 
social and intellectual climate. 

319— Italian Renaissance Architecture 

and Sculpture (3) (H) 

A treatment of the historic and theoretical bases for 
these arts. Landscape design and city planning included 
where relevant. 

320— Seventeenth Century Art (3) 

The Carracci and Caravaggio: Bernini and Borromini; 
Rubens, Rembrandt, the Dutch landscapists; Poussin, 
Claude, Versailles; Velasquez; the Baroque ceiling. 


323— Eighteenth Century Art (3) (H) 

Concentration on the French Rococo, its influences on 
Continental and British art, and its evolution into the 
Neo-Classic style. 

391— Georgian Art (3) (H) 

British art and aesthetics. Portraiture, Palladianism; 
landscape painting and gardening; exoticisim and 
nostalgia; Britain as a font of Romanticism 

451— Nineteenth Century Art (3) (H) 

Emphasis on French painting and sculpture, some 
aspects of other European arts. Movements covered: 
Classicism, Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, and 

452— Twentieth Century Art (3) (H) 

A selective survey of the painting and sculpture of 
Europe and the United States. 

453— Modern Architecture (3) (H) 

Form, style, and technology, with reference to their 
historical sources and to the individuals who have made 
lasting contributions. 

455— American Art <3) (H) 

A survey of American painting, sculpture, and 
architecture, with emphasis on 19th and 20th centuries. 

470— Special Studies in Art History (3) (H) 

Concentration: the work of an artist; a specific problem; 
a limited period in art history. Majors and otherwise 
qualified students. 

491, 492— Independent Study (3, 3) (H) 

Art history staff approval required by interview. Student 
selects topic, develops study plan, indicates role to be 
played by adviser. 


101— Two-Dimensional Design (3) (H) 

Basic study of design elements (line, shape, texture, 
value, color) used in visual communication, both 
figurative and non-figurative. 

102— Three-Dimensional Design (3) 

Experiments in the use of materials and elements of 
design related to the development of three-dimensional 

211, 212— Life Drawing (3, 3) 

Various approaches to drawing the human body and 
other organic figurative and non-figurative imagery. 

231, 232— Beginning Sculpture (3, 3) 

Prerequisite: Art 101-102. Study and construction of 
volume and mass, using plastic and carving media. 

241, 242— Drawing and Composition (3, 3) ■ 

Drawing from life. Abstract and figurative composition in 
various media 

251, 252— Pottery and Hand- 
Building (3, 3) 

Practice in the proper use of the pottery wheel: 
exploration of forms and textures attainable through 
wheel and hand-building processes. 

270S — Painting and Drawing for 
Beginners (3) 

Basic methods and techniques of realistic and abstract 
art. Investigation of light and dark, color, line. 
composition, and design. 

321, 322— Printmaking (3, 3) 

Prerequisite: Art 101, 102, or equivalent. Study of 
methods, materials, concepts of intaglio, lithography, 
relief, and silkscreen printmaking. 

330— Introduction to Photography (3) 

Comprehensive orientation to laboratory techniques, 
uses of the camera, and other equipment. Emphasis 
upon photography as a fine art. 

341, 342— Advanced Sculpture (3, 3) 

Prerequisite: Art 231. 232. Carving and constructive 
projects using a variety of media, including stone, 
wood, and plaster. 

351, 352— Painting (3, 3) 

Prerequisite: Art 241, 242 or equivalent. Still life and 
landscape painting. 

52 Art 


381 , 382— Pottery and Hand- 
Building (3, 3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Art 251, 252 or equivalent- Further 
exploration of wheel-thrown forms, hand-building 
processes, and sculpture. Experiment with glazes and 

470— Special Studies in Studio Art (3) (M) 

Special course in an area of studio art previously 
selected by the department after consultation with the 
students. Advanced students. 

495, 496, 497, 498— Independent Study 

in Studio Art (3 each) (H) 

Independent work under the supervision of a member of 
the studio art faculty. 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the department. Credits variable. 


See Physics and Astronomy. 


Assistant Professor Fuller, Chairman (Career Adviser); 
Professors Hoye, P. M Johnson, T. L. Johnson, Parnsh, 
W. C Pinschmidt Jr.; Associate Professors Friedman. 
M. W. Pinschmidt; Assistant Professors Bass. 

The Department of Biology offers courses for 
the prospective major and non-major 
interested in areas of Piology related to 
particular disciplines. Study of the basic 
concepts of cellular structure and function 
may be followed by a variety of studies in 
zoology, botany, and physiology. Upper-level 
courses allow students to focus on any one 
of three areas of concentration: 

environmental biology, human biology, or 

The laboratories are fully eguipped with the 
latest instruments for testing and obtaining 
data on living organisms. When appropriate, 
experimentation is enhanced by microscopic 
study and dissection. 

The department offers a major in biology 
which prepares students for graduate 
schools, allied health programs and careers, 
research in clinical positions, or work in 
environmental biology. Students may do 
independent readings and research during 
their junior and senior year. Certain biology 
courses contribute to the several special 
programs available at the College for those 
interested in health fields. 

121— Biological Concepts I (4) (N/M) 

An introduction to biological principles as they apply to 
plants and animals. Laboratory. 

122— Biological Concepts II (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121. Survey of the plant and 
animal kingdoms with emphasis on morphology and 
taxonomy. Laboratory. 

202— Heredity and Evolution (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121. Principles of heredity, their 
application to evolutionary theory, and their societal 
implications. Designed for nonmajors. Laboratory. 

221 —Anatomy of the Chordates (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. A comparative study of 
the major systems of representative chordates. 

222— Embryology of the Chordates (4) (N/M) 
Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. The development of 
representative chordates. Laboratory. 


231— Botany (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. Survey of the plant 
kingdom with emphasis on morphogentic description, 
life histories, and evolutionary relationships. Laboratory. 

250— Bioethics (2) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121 

Selected topics considered 
from the standpoint of their biological consequences 
and ethical implications for man. 

252— General Ecology (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121. A study of the relationships of 
plants and animals to their environment and the 
maintenance of a balance in nature. 

271— Microbiology (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, Chemistry 111, 112. 
Emphasis is placed on bacteria, their morphology, 
physiology, nutrition, and ecology. Laboratory. 

272— Clinical Bacteriology (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, Major groups of pathogens 
and normal flora in man and related mammals will be 
studied. Laboratory. 

311 —Plant Ecology (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. Ecological principles as 
applied to plants including major biomes, plant 
'succession, completion, and micro-macro-environments. 

312— Plant Physiology (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. Experimental and 
theoretical treatment of the functional mechanisms in 
plants. Laboratory. 

321— Invertebrate Zoology (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. Survey of invertebrate 
phyla emphasizing structural characteristics, life cycles, 
and evolutionary relationships. Laboratory. 

322— Animal Ecology (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. The relationships 
between animals and their environment. Field and 
laboratory studies include observations of marine, fresh 
water, and terrestrial animals. Laboratory 

323S— Entymology (4) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121 or equivalent. Introduction to 
structure, function and ecology of insects. Students to 
prepare insect collections. Laboratory. 

331— Histology (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. The preparation and 
study of animal tissues. Laboratory, 

342— Human Genetics (4) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121. Application to the human of 
the principles of heredity. Laboratory. 

351— Laboratory Techniques (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. Introduces students to 
instruments and equipment used in biological 
experimentation. The scientific method and experimental 
design will be discussed. 

352S— Marine Biology (6) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122 or equivalent. The study 
of marine ecology, phylogeny, and behavior. Collections 
will include seining, dredging, and trawling in the 
Chesapeake Bay. 

360— Cellular Physiology (4) (N M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122 and Chemistry 111, 112. 
Principles of general and cellular physiology. 

361 —Comparative Physiology (4) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122 and Chemistry 111, 112. 
A comparative study of physiological systems in 
animals. Laboratory. 

362— Comparative Endocrinology (4) (N M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. A comparative study of 
the endocrine mechanisms in vertebrates and 
invertebrates. Laboratory. 

372— Parasitology (4) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121. The structure, life cycles, and 
host relationships of invertebrate parasitic forms. 




382-383— Human Anatomy and 
Physiology (4, 4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122 and Chemistry 111, 112. 
The structure and function of human organ systems. 
Designed for allied health students. Laboratory. 

441— Genetics (5) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. The structure, function, 
and transmission of genetic material. Laboratory. Not 
open to nonmajors. 

442— Evolution (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. The history and 
development of modern evolutionary thought. Not open 
to nonmajors. 

450— Seminar (1) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 121, 122. Readings, reports, and 
group discussions on topics of historic and current 
biological interest. Not open to nonmajors. 

481, 482— Readings in the Biological 

Sciences (2, 2) (N/M) 

Readings in biological literature selected by the student. 
The student is guided by a staff member. By permission 
of staff. 

491, 492— Special Problems in 

Biology (3, 3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Biology 481 . Independent laboratory or 
field investigation supervised by a staff member. Open 
to majors with staff permission. 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience developed in 
consultation with the department. Credits variable. 

501-502— Research (4, 4) (N/M) 


(Career-Focus Grouping) 

Assistant Professor Gouger, 
Program and Career Adviser 

This specialized career opportunity, 
sponsored by the Department of Geography, 

has been designed for students interested in 
entering cartography or a related field. This 
is not a major, but a group of courses 
dealing with various aspects of map 
construction and related activities. 
Completion of the program will qualify 
students for cartographic jobs in industry as 
well as in local, state, and federal 
governments. The program already meets or 
exceeds federal requirements for 
cartographers; yet the department hopes to 
expand the program in the near future to 
include photogrammetry, remote sensing, 
and computer mapping. The career-focus 
offering in cartography may be taken in 
conjunction with a regular degree program, 
and is open to students in any major field. 


Professor Mahoney, Chairman (Career Adviser); 
Professors Cover, Insley, Wishner; Associate Professors 
Crissman, George; Assistanf Professor, Grafz. 

The Department of Chemistry offers a 
modern curriculum designed for the students 
planning to enter graduate or medical 
school, secondary school teaching, 
employment in industrial chemistry, or the 
student who is interested in chemistry as a 
challenging intellectual pursuit within a liberal 
arts and sciences education. Several courses 
are offered which strengthen the 
interdisciplinary character of related science 
fields, including the pre-professional 
programs in medical technology, nursing, 
and physical therapy. Students can fulfill the 
requirements for the major as well as all 
medical school entrance requirements (see 
pre-medical program). 


The Department has well-equipped 
laboratories to support and reinforce 
classroom instruction. Facilities include 
ultraviolet-visible, infrared, nuclear magnetic 
resonance, atomic absorption and mass 
spectrometers, and gas chromatographs. 
Complete emission spectrographic and x-ray 
laboratories and computer facilities are also 

Students having a strong interest in teaching 
are encouraged to complete requirements for 
teacher certification, and those with interests 
in industrial chemistry are urged to take 
courses in statistics, computer programming, 
and economics. 

111, 112— General Chemistry (4, 4) (N/M) 

Introduction to the fundamental principles of 
chemistry and the more important elements and their 
compounds. Laboratory. 

205— Essentials of Organic Chemistry (4) (N/M) 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 1 12. A general survey of carbon 
compounds including the study of their structures and 

211,21 2— Organic Chemistry (4, 4) (N M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 111, 112. Chemistry of carbon 
compounds based on structural theory. Laboratory. 

252— Quantitative Analysis (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 111, 112 and Math 1 1 1 or 
equivalent. Theory and techniques of volumetric, 
gravimetric and introductory instrumental methods of 

317, 318— Biochemistry (3, 3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 212. The application of chemical 
principles to the study and understanding of the living 

319, 320— Biochemistry Laboratory (1, 1) (N/M) 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 212, 252. Selected research 
techniques involving the chemical composition and 
properties of cells, tissues and organisms. 

333— Advanced Analytical Chemistry (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 252. Advanced volumetric, 
gravimetric and electrochemical methods of analysis. 

343— Inorganic Chemistry (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 111. 112. Modern theories of 
atomic structure and chemical bonding and their 
applications to molecular and metallic structures and 
coordination chemistry. 

353— Clinical Chemistry (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 252, 212, or 205. Chemical 
composition of tissues and body fluids; relationship to 
metabolic abnormalities and toxicological problems. 

393, 394— Physical Chemistry (6) (N M) 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 111, 112 and Physics 201, 
202, Math 221. Quantum mechanical, spectroscopic, 
thermodynamic, and kinetic properties of chemical 

395, 396— Physical Chemistry 

Laboratory (4) (N M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 252. Selected experiments 
involving measurements and evaluation of 
physiochemical properties of chemical systems. 

411— Advanced Organic Chemistry (3) (N M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 212. Organic reaction 
mechanisms and the relation of molecular structure to 
physical and chemical properties. 

423— Experimental Methods in 

Chemistry (4) (N M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 212, 252. Spectroscopic, 
chromatographic and wet chemical functional group 
techniques used in characterizing organic and inorganic 
compounds. Laboratory. 

56 Chemistry 

424— Experimental Methods in 

Chemistry (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 212, 252. Quantitative analysis 
and system characterization using instrumental methods 
of analysis. Laboratory, 

451, 452— Seminar (1,1) (N/M) 

Student preparation of reports on selected topics in 
chemistry for oral presentation and discussion. 

491, 492— Special Problems in 

Chemistry (1-8) (N/M) 

Independent investigation under the direction of a 
member of the staff. Open to qualified students with the 
permission of the department. 

471— Advanced Topics in 

Chemistry (2-3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Advanced 
treatment of selected topics in chemistry 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 

501-502— Honors in Chemistry (8) (N/M) 

Prerequisites: 3.0 grade point average overall and 3.25 
in major courses. Independent research culminating in 
writing and defense of an honors thesis. 


Professor Sumner, Chairman (Career Adviser); Assistant 
Professor Hatch 

Classics involves the study ot the language 
and literature of ancient Greece and Rome, 
the origins and development of many ideas 
and principles basic to the heritage of 
western civilization. This connection with the 
roots of western culture makes many of the 
courses in Classics applicable to the study of 
almost all the liberal arts. 

Students wishing to concentrate in the field 
are offered the choice of a departmental 
major in Latin or the interdepartmental major 
in Classical Civilization. In either area, 
students develop their program— which may 
include independent study— in consultation 
with a faculty adviser. 

While many department majors include 
teacher certification on their schedule, other 
students combine their major in Latin or 
Classical Civilization with studies in related 
fields, such as philosophy, English, or 
modern foreign languages. With such a 
background, graduates have a wide range of 
opportunities after college, including museum 
work, archaeology, graduate study, teaching, 
or translating. 


131-132— Elementary Greek (6) 

Introduction to the language of ancient Greece. 
Grammar and composition are stressed, leading to 
translation of literature. 

133, 1 34— Intermediate Greek (3,3) 

Prerequisite: Greek 131-132 or equivalent. Review of 
grammar. Reading of Plato, Apology plus selections 
from other authors. 

291, 292— Independent Study in Ancient 
Greek (3,3) (L) 

Prerequisite: Greek 133, 134 or equivalent. Course 
content determined by the instructor and students 
involved in any given semester. 


111-112— Elementary Latin (6) 

Essentials of Latin grammar and composition; 
introduction to the translation of Latin literature. 


113, 1 1 4— Intermediate Latin (3,3) 

Prerequisite: Latin 111-112 or two units of secondary 
school instruction. Continued study of Latin grammar 
and composition; readings from Cicero, first semester; 
introduction to Latin poetry, second semester. 

211, 212— Survey of Latin 

Literature (3,3) (L) 

Prerequisite: Latin 113, 114 or four units of secondary 
school Latin. Historical survey of the development of 
Latin literature from earliest inscriptions to the end of 
pagan Roman writing. 

310— Medieval Latin (3) (L) 

311— Roman Drama (3) (L) 

312— Roman Historical Writing (3) (L) 

313— Roman Satire (3) (L) 

314— Epic Poetry (3) (L) 
351— Advanced Latin Grammar (1) 
Required for all majors. 

41 1— The Life and Times of 

Julius Caesar (3) (L) 

In-depth study of Roman life and letters from 100-40 
B.C. with readings from many contemporary sources. 

451, 452— Special Studies in Latin 

Literature (3, 3) (L) 

Reading and study of individual Latin authors, genres of 
literature or of an area of Roman civilization. By 
permission of the Department. 

491, 492— Independent Study (3, 3) (L) 

Individual study under the direction of a member of the 
staff. By permission of the Department. 

Classical Civilization. None of the Classical 
Civilization courses may be considered 
foreign language courses. They are all 
conducted in English and, except as noted, 
do not require knowledge of either Latin or 



201 — Classical Motifs in Literature (3) 

Study of the hero's journey and related themes in 
Homer, Vergil, Tennyson, and Tolkien. 

301— Mythology (3) 

The principal Greek and Roman myths, with emphasis 
on their influence in literature and art. 

332— Greek and Roman Civilization (3) 

Major facets of Greek and Roman culture and their 
influence on later Western civilization. 

385— Greek Archaeology (3) 

Study of archaeological excavations in Greece with 
emphasis on the problems peculiar to the area. 

386— Roman Archaeology (3) (H) 

Study of the excavation of Roman sites both in Italy and 
other areas of the Mediterranean. 

401, 402— Special Studies in Classical 
Archaeology (2, 2) 

Prerequisites: Classics 385, 386 and some knowledge 
of Latin and /or Greek First semester: modern 
archaeological techniques; preservation of finds; 
introduction to epigraphy. Second semester: 
numismatics, small artifacts, and minor arts. 

491— Independent Study in Classical 
Civilization (1-4) 


Individual study under the direction of a member of the 
staff. By permission of the Department. 


(Career-Focus Grouping) 

Assistant Professor Lutterbie, 
Program and Career Adviser 


le the College does not offer a major in 
communications, it is possible to develop a 

58 Communications 

Dramatic Arts and Dance 

concentration in the field by completing a 
group of related courses selected from the 
offerings of various departments. Taken as 
part of a regular degree program, these 
courses highlight the theory and history of 
communications as well as the practical skills 
involved in diverse media. 

Dramatic Arts and Dance 

Professor Kenvin, Chairman (Career Adviser); Assistant 
Professors DaLuiso. Dragomanovic, Harty; Instructors 
Bauman, Howard. 

This Department offers a major in both 
dramatic arts and dance. Its aims are to give 
students a well-balanced program in the 
techniques, theories, history of dance and 
the dramatic arts, and to provide 
opportunities to perform. 

Important in the dramatic arts and dance 
program is the variety of courses available to 
students; offerings of such breadth are found 
at very few liberal arts colleges. Also 
important are the many opportunities 
students have to perform, either in theater or 
dance, to work on productions, thus learning 
different phases of these performing arts. 
The student-run Tri-Muse Society encourages 
students interested in both dramatic arts and 
dance. The overall program provides a sound 
base for graduate or professional studies, or 
is useful simply as an end in itself. 

In addition to numerous experimental theater 
productions, the Department presents four 
full-scale plays each year. Among recent 
productions in the 300-seat Klein Memorial 
Theater have been Guys and Dolls, Moliere's 

Don Juan, Tennessee Williams' Night of the 
Iguana, Cole Porter's Anything Goes, and 
the premiere productions of new plays like 
Krishnalight and Collage. 

The Mary Washington College Dance 
Company is a vital part of campus cultural 
life. Its performances of modern dance and 
ballet are presented in the 1,600-seat 
George Washington Auditorium. 

Lectures and performances by visiting 
scholars and artists enrich the program. Paul 
Taylor, Agnes de Mille, Frederick Franklin, 
the 5 x 2 Dance Company, Director Nikos 
Psacharopoulos, Ellen Stewart of La Mama 
E.T.C., and Richard Schechner of "The 
Performance Group" have been recent 



211, 212— World Drama (3, 3) 

Selected plays and theatrical developments. Introduction 
to theater. 

231, 232— Stagecraft (3, 3) (H) 

Planning, construction and design of play production, 
including theater design, staging, lighting and sound 

321, 322— Acting (3, 3) (H) 

Voice and body training, pantomime, improvisation, 
creating character, ensemble playing. 

331, 332— Playwriting (3, 3) (H) 

Writing for the stage. The structure of action, character 
development, dialogue, critical analysis. 

History of Costume (3) 

History and design of stage costuming. 


Dramatic Arts and Dance 

350S— Mary Washington Summer Repertory 
Company (3) (H) 

Workshop and performance in theater and dance. 

361 , 362— History of the Theater (3) (H) 

Theaters, production methods, dramatic conventions, 
key figures from the Greeks to the present. 

371— Oriental Theater (3) (H) 

Indian, Japanese, Chinese, theaters and their styles. 
381— History of Film to 1945 (3) (H) 

Viewing and analysis of film before 1945. 

382— History of Film from 1 945 to the 

Present (3) (H) 

Viewing and analysis of film from 1945 to the present. 
383— Film Production (3) (H) 

Basic techniques of film and TV production; scripting 
pre-production planning, cinematography, direction, 

391, 392, 393, 394— Theater Practicum 

(1-2 each) (H) 

Prerequisites: for technical work, Dramatic Arts 231, 
232; for acting, Dramatic Arts 321, 322. Prerequisites 
may be taken concurrently or equivalent experience 
may be substituted. Technical supervision, major acting 
roles, directing or stage managing for MWC 
departmental major productions. By permission of 

421, 422— Acting Styles and Scene 

Study (3, 3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Dramatic Arts 321, 322. Problems in 
acting. Creating and sustaining a character. Period 

431, 432— Directing (3, 3) (H) 

Technique and practice of directing for the stage. 
Emphasis on directing for educational and professional 

433— Stage Lighting (3) (H) 

Prerequisite: Dramatic Arts 231, 232. Fundamentals of 
lighting for the stage. 

434— Scene Design (3) 

Prerequisite: Dramatic Arts 231, 232. Principles and 
practice of scene design for the stage. 

441— Dramatic Criticism (3) 

Analysis of dramatic criticism from Aristotle to the 

443— Children's Theater (3) 

Staging and production of plays for children. 
444— Creative Dynamics (3) 

Improvisational and experimental projects in acting for 
children's theater 

451, 452— Special Studies in Dramatic 

Arts (3, 3) (H) 

Intensive reading in drama of creative application of 
advanced dramatic arts theories. By permission of the 

461— Seminar in Dramatic Arts (3) 


Readings, presentations and projects in contemporary 

491, 492, 493, 494— Independent Study 
(3 each semester) 

Individual study under direction of a member of 
the Department. By permission of the 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 

501-502— Honors in Dramatic Arts (6) 

By permission of the Department. 


121, 122; 221, 222; 321, 322; 421, 422 — 
Ballet (1 each semester) 

Ballet as a discipline emphasizing exactness and 
precision of line, creative expression and historical 

60 Dramatic Arts and Dance 

Economics and Political Science 

123, 124; 223, 224; 323, 324; 423, 424— 
Modern Dance (1 each semester) 

Body movement, its relationship to space, time and force 
through improvisation and exploration. 

425— Classical Ballet Variations (1) 

Prerequisite: Dance 321, 322; 421, 422 or permission of 
instructor. Theory and practice of solo variations of 
traditional classical ballets. 

02— Dance Company (1) 

Performance. Admission by audition to the Mary 
Washington College Dance Company. (May be taken 
without credit if student is admitted by audition.) 

211,21 2— Theories of Movement (3, 3) (H) 

Comparison of selected theories of movement such as 
Laban, Dalcroze, Delsarte, Graham, Humphrey-Weidman 
and Wigman. 

231— Compositional Forms (3) (H) 

Structure of dance: movement, phrases, rhythm and 
traditional dance forms. 

232— Dance Styles (3) (H) 

Dance related to historical periods in art, drama and 
music, utilizing reading, research films, improvisation and 

235— Movement for the Theater (3) 

Creative projects in theatrical movement: mime, gesture, 
space, rhythm and expression. 

310— Creative Dance for Children (3) (H) 

Dramatic imagery, rhythmic study, techniques of 
creativity and the translation from observation of 
movement through pantomime to dance. 

331— Ethnic Dance of Western Cultures (3) (H) 

History, culture, civilization— "how" and "why" people 
dance the way they do. 

341, 342— Labanotation (3, 3) 

Study and practice of reading and recording dance 
movement by means of symbols. 


350— Dance History Survey (3) (H) 

Dance from earliest times— primitive, Greek, Roman, 
Egyptian, European, Oriental, and Spanish— to the 15th 

351 —History of Ballet (3) (H) 

In-depth study of ballet in France, Italy. Russia and 
England from the 15th century to the 20th century. 

352— American Dance Heritage (3) (H) 

Readings and research in American dance including the 
Indian, Negro, Modern Dance, Contemporary Dance. 

431, 432— Choreography (3, 3) 

Prerequisite: Dance 231, 232 or permission of instructor. 
In-depth study of selected techniques from compositional 
forms and dance styles. Opportunity for the student to 
develop creative potential. 

450— Seminar in Dance (3) (H) 

Readings and research in contemporary dance in 
education, dance therapy, aesthetics and philosophy. 

491, 492, 493, 494— Independent Study 

(3 each) (H) 

Research, choreography or composition of an approved 
creative project. By permission of the Department. 

501-502— Honors (6) 

By permission of the Department. 3.75 in the major; 3.0 
overall average. 

383— Film Production (3) (H) 

Basic techniques of film and TV production; scripting 
pre-production planning, cinematography, direction, 

Economics and 
Political Science 

Associate Professor Albertine, Chairman (Career Adviser, 
Economics); Professor L. P. Fickett; Associate Professors 
Fingerhut. Krickus, Miller; Assistant Professors Kramer 
(Career Adviser, Political Science), Pickerill; Instructors 
Brubaker, Haworth, Paczolt; Lecturers Humphrey, 
Savarese, Tucker, Tyler. 

Economics and Political Science 

The Department offers courses and degree 
programs in both economics and political 

Economics, both theoretical and practical, is 
the study of how society allocates its 
resources to provide the goods and services 
the society wants. The Department offers a 
wide scope of courses detailing the general 
theories and specific applications of the 
discipline in such fields as money and 
banking, government finance, and 
comparative economics. A department 
program in managerial economics gives 
students background in specific business 
economics, including accounting, labor 
economics, and a study of the interaction of 
businesses and society. The overall 
economics program provides students with 
the opportunity to enter business, law, 
governmental service, or graduate school. 

Political science, basically the study of how 
various political systems work, offers courses 
ranging from urban politics and government 
to international politics. The Department also 
provides many outlets through which students 
can gain practical knowledge of the field, 
including visits to the Virginia state capital 
and to Washington, D. C, internships in 
governmental offices, and involvement in 
major political events, such as the United 
Nations' student conference. Like economics, 
political science is a good background for a 
career in law, urban planning or government; 
it also lends itself to further study in graduate 

Students can merge the disciplines and major 
in the general field of political economy. 


101 — Elements of Economics (3) 


One-semester survey of the basic elements of economic 


201, 202— Principles of Economics (3, 3) 

Fundamental principles relating to the production, 
exchange, distribution and consumption of goods and 

211, 212— Anti-Trust Policy (3, 3) 

Application of microeconomic analysis to the problems of 
business organizations. 

221, 222— Introductory Accounting (3, 3) (S) 

Fundamental accounting principles and practices 
involved in the recording and interpretation of accounting 

301, 302— The Economics of National 

Issues (3, 3) (S) 

In-depth analysis of contemporary economic problems in 
American society. 

310— Corporate Finance (3) 

Financial policies of corporations. 

321, 322— Money and Banking (3, 3) 

Theory of money and credit, banking organization and 
practices, foreign exchange and international movement 
of capital. 

331, 332— Intermediate Accounting (3, 3) 

More advanced principles of accounting. 
341, 342— Government Finance (3, 3) 

Expenditures and revenues of federal, state and local 

351, 352— Labor Economics (3, 3) 

Manpower, the labor force and the organized labor 

361, 362— Quantitative Economics (3, 3) (S 

Introduction to some of the mathematical and statistical 
concepts necessary in advanced economics and 

62 Economics and Political Science 

371— Microeconomics (3) (S) 

Analysis of the firm and the household and their 
interactions, involving cost, utility, price, wage, and profit 

372— Macroeconomics (3) (S) 

National income accounts and aggregate economic 

381— Urban Economics (3) (S) 

Survey of the major economic problems facing cities. 

391— Comparative Economic Systems (3) (S) 

The nature of capitalism, socialism, communism and 

392— Economic Development (3) (S) 

Examination of the problems of accelerating economic 
development in poor countries and maintaining 
development in rich countries. 

401, 402— International Economics (3, 3) (S) 

World economic resources, international trade and 
economic problems in international relationships. 

441, 442— History of Economic 

Thought (3, 3) (S) 

Survey of the theories of classical and neo-classical 

471— Economics Seminar (3) (S) 

Open to all economics majors of junior and senior 
status. Group projects on approved problems in 

491, 492— Independent Study in 

Economics (3, 3) (S) 

Directed individual research on an approved problem in 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable 


101— Introduction to Political 

Science I (3) (S) 

Survey of the basic concepts and theories of political 
science from antiquity to the present, including 
contemporary analytical techniques. 

102— Introduction to Political 

Science II (3) (S) 

Continuation of Political Science 101, with primary 
emphasis on modern comparative political analysis and 
international relations. 

201, 202— American Government (3, 3) (S) 

Principles of political science as applied to American 
national government, state governments and local 

211— Congress and the Political 

Process (3) (S) 

Analysis of the contemporary role of Congress in its 
relation with the Presidency, the federal bureaucracy, 
and pressure groups. 

212— The American Presidency (3) (S) 

Analysis of the modern Presidency and its relationship to 
democratic theory. 

301— Comparative Government I (3) (S) 

Comparative analysis of the governments of the United 
Kingdom and Western Europe. 

302— Comparative Government II (3) (S) 

Comparative analysis of the governments of the Soviet 
Union and Eastern Europe. 

304— Contemporary American Politics (3) (S) 

In-depth analysis of selected problems in contemporary 
American politics. 

311, 312— Public Administration (S) 

The administrative control and a study of employment 
relations and personnel administration. 

Economics and Political Science 

321— Theory of International 

Politics (3) (S) 

Analysis of contemporary theory of international politics, 
including evaluation of the United Nations and other 
international organizations. 

322— Problems in International 

Politics (3) (S) 

Continuation of 321 . 

332— Metropolitan Problems (3) (S) 

Analytical study of the problems of American cities and 
other local areas. 

334— Political Parties (3) (S) 

Structure and functions of political parties; conduct of 
elections; pressure groups. 

341, 342— Government Finance (3, 3) (S) 

Expenditures and revenues of federal, state and local 

350— Political Modernization (3) (S) 

Broad conceptual approach to the problem of political 

354— Politics of South and Southeast 

Asia (3) (S) 

Study of the political development of India, Pakistan, 
Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and the Vietnams. 

355— Politics of North Africa and the 

Middle East (3) (S) 

Study of the political development of the nations of North 
Africa and the Middle East. 

356— American Foreign Policy (3) (S) 

Problems facing the United States in its search for 
national security and international stability. 

357— Soviet Foreign Policy (3) (S) 

Analysis of the foreign policy of the Soviet Union, 
including its conflict with China. 

360— The Theory and Practice of 

Revolution (3) (S) 

Comparative analysis of the writings of major theorists of 
revolution from various parts of the world. 

361— Problems of Communism (3) 

Study of the origins, development, and contemporary 
aspects of world communism. 

362— Political Geography (3) 

Study of geographic factors in world power and 
international affairs. 

422— American Civil Liberties (3) 

Intensive analysis of civil liberties in the United States, 
based primarily upon decisions of the Supreme Court. 

441— History of Political Thought I (3) 

Examination of the contributions of the great political 
theorists from Plato to Burke. 

442— History of Political Thought II (3) 

Continuation of Political Science 441. 
443— Modern Political Analysis (3) 

Study of the theories and application of modern political 

471— Political Science Seminar (3) 

Emphasizes intensive reading with group discussion of 
the selections read. 

491— Independent Study in Political 

Science (3) (S) 

Directed individual research on approved problems in 
political science. 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable 


Professor Slayton, Chairman (Career Advisor); Professor 
Merchent; Associate Professors Holmes. Hook, Warlick: 
Assistant Professors Vawter. Zisman; Instructor 
J. Johnson. 

The primary role of the Department ot 
Education is to help students develop the 
competencies necessary for successful 

64 Education 

teaching in elementary or secondary schools. 
Consequently, the Department does not offer 
a major in education. Instead, it functions as 
a service department offering, as electives, 
courses designed primarily to prepare the 
liberal arts student to meet requirements for 
certification as a teacher. In addition, these 
offerings can enhance specialized programs 
serving as foundations for graduate work in 
various professional education fields, and 
provide elective courses for those just 
interested in children and schools. 

The teaching education programs at the 
College are approved by the Virginia State 
Department of Education and the National 
Association of State Directors of Teacher 
Education and Certification. The Mary 
Washington College student completing an 
approved program is eligible for certification 
in any of the more than thirty states 
signatory to the Teacher Certification 
Reciprocation Agreement. 

Course sequences offered by the Department 
enable students to prepare to teach in the 
nursery, kindergarten, and primary school 
(grades N,K, 1,2,3); the intermediate school 
(grades 4-7), in art (grades K-12), music 
(grades K-12), and each of the following 
secondary school endorsement areas 
(grades 7-12): biology, chemistry, dramatics, 
earth science, economics, English, French, 
general science, geography, German, 
history, history and social sciences, 
mathematics, Latin, physics, political science, 
sociology, and Spanish. 

Each sequence of courses is designed to 
assist the student in developing, upon the 

foundation of his major academic program, 
the specialized teaching competencies 
needed in a chosen level or discipline. In 
conjunction with course work, pre-student 
teaching experience in the schools and 
micro-teaching experience with the use of 
video-taping prepare students for student 
teaching. The culmination of the program, 
student teaching is designed as a laboratory 
experience in which the student, in 
cooperation with selected successful 
teachers, has opportunities to test and refine 
his own knowledge and ability to stimulate 

In addition to full preparation for teaching, a 
Mary Washington College student may 
complete a foundation program which, with 
additional study at the graduate level, can 
provide entry into such professional 
specializations as special education, 
educational psychology, school 
administration, instructional supervision, and 
guidance and counseling. 

205— Children's Literature (3) 

Historical survey of children's literature; contemporary 
and classic readings; practice in the art of story telling. 

249— Physical Education for Elementary School 
Children (2) 

Movement skills for children, includes movement 
exploration, creative rhythms, folk dance, games, and 
self-teaching for physical fitness. 

301— The Primary School Child (K-3). (3) 

Physical, psycho-social and linguistic development of 
the Kindergarten-Primary School age child. 

302— Teaching in the Primary School (K-3). (3) 

Principles, practices and materials of 
Kindergarten-Primary School programs. Diagnostic 
approaches to program developments. 


312— Teaching in the Elementary School 
(4-7). (3) 

Principles, practices and materials of the Intermediate 
School. Emphasizes teaching the subject disciplines, 
classroom management and evaluating pupil progress. 

314— Teaching Mathematics and Science in the 
Elementary School (K-3) (4-7). (3) 

Principles, practices and materials of the elementary 
mathematics program with emphasis on conceptual 
learning and the development of teacher competencies. 

317— Teaching Music in the Elementary 
Schools (3) 

The objectives and processes of teaching music with 
emphasis on music reading, conceptual learning, 
curriculum and evaluation. 

318— Teaching Music in the Secondary 
Schools (3) 

Discussions on the adolescent, music management in 
the schools, history and philosophy of music education, 
curriculum and current trends. 

320— Practicum in Reading: Developmental and 
Remedial (K-3)(4-7). (4) 

Principles and techniques for developmental and 
remedial reading; includes a practical experience in a 
public school remedial reading program. 

322— Reading in the Content Areas 
(Secondary— all endorsements) (3) 

Theories and practices of developmental and remedial 
reading instruction for secondary teachers of the 
subject disciplines. 

332— The Teaching of Foreign Languages (3) 

Principles and techniques of teaching modern and 
classical languages in the secondary school; 
emphasizes development of teacher competencies. 

342— Seminar in Art Education (3) 

Principles and techniques of teaching art in elementary 
and secondary schools; emphasis on developing 
teacher competencies. 

352— The Teaching of Mathematics (3) 

Principles and techniques of teaching mathematics in 
the secondary school; emphasis on developing teacher 

372— The Teaching of the Social Sciences (3) 

Principles and techniques of teaching the social 
sciences in the secondary school; emphasis on 
developing teacher competencies. 

382— The Teaching of the Sciences (3) 

Principles and techniques of teaching the sciences in 
the secondary school; emphasis on developing teacher 

392— The Teaching of English and 
Dramatics (3) 

Principles and techniques of teaching English and 
Dramatics in the secondary school; emphasis on 
developing teacher competencies. 

430— Philosophy of Education (3) 

Investigation of classical and contemporary philosophies 
of education; emphasis on fundamental educational 

440— Supervised Teaching (9) 

Prerequisite: Appropriate 300-level course. Orientation 
to teaching under direction of supervisors in public 
elementary and secondary schools. 


Associate Professor Hansen, Chairman; Professors 
Brown, Croushore, Early, Glover, W.B. Kelly. N.H. 
Mitchell, S.H. Mitchell: Associate Professors Lutterbie. 
Dervin. Fleming, Hanna, Singh; Assistant Professors 
Carruthers, Kemp (Career Adviser) 

The program in English provides an 
opportunity to experience the art and utility 
of the written and spoken word, and to 
explore the history and criticism of literature. 
It enables the student to develop a firm 
knowledge of literary works and figures, an 

■:z English 

understanding of literary styles and 
techniques, an ability to view literature from 
a broad range of critical perspectives, and a 
capacity to express thoughts and feelings 
through the written word. 

Career opportunities for English majors 
range far beyond such traditional choices as 
teaching, journalism, editing, and advertising. 
Some English majors continue their 
education in graduate departments of 
English. Schools of law and medicine 
By offering a wide variety of courses, the encourage applications from graduates with 

Department encourages students to diversify liberal arts degrees in English. Others enter 
their literary interests. The flexibility of the private industry and government, accepting 

program, however, also permits positions involving personnel relations, 

concentration upon specific skills, genres, management, sales and marketing, public 

themes, periods, movements and authors. relations and research and investigation. 

The student may improve his writing through 

courses in expository prose, newspaper a- d 101— writing workshop (3) 
magazine journalism, and creative writing. He Group and tutona retraction - the -_-;a~e-:= 
may develop appreciation and understanding techniques of expositor and argumental .5 .vriting: 
of literary genres through the critical study of ^= a Z2: _ z -' ezz ~-~^ coherence esea — 
poetry, short fiction, drama, and the novel. 

Particular topics Can be explored in Specia 201— Advanced Composition (3) 

Courses SUCh as women in literature, film Za.ezz-e-: r e. ze a~: e~ez\ .5 5.5:3::-. c:se 

and fiction, and science fiction. Other :—o-g- a~a,ss z z ~::e; a-; c-=:::e ,'." =:.. es =-- 

courses provide knowledge of specific :e: " ~ 5S 

literary periods from the Middle Ages to the 206, 207— introduction to Creative 

present. The student who desires more Writing (3, 3) 

intensive work in genres, periods, and Development of skill in creative writing. Individual 

authors may take part in Seminars and a;s z-~e-:s aaac:55 :z :~s -5'55:s a- a a; 55 r :~e 

engage in independent study. 

Many students combine courses in education 
and student teaching with their work in the 
Department. Others find second majors easy 
to arrange, either in related fields sue- as 
art, drama, history and philosophy, or in 
complementary ones, like economics or 
political science. Also, the Department offers 
off-campus internships in journalism, or other 
appropriate fields, as well as instructors 
qualified to work with special interests in 
communications and other interdisciplinary 

208— Principles of Magazine Writing and 
Editing (3) 

Practice in writing, editing and laying out various types 
of magazine articles. 

209— Principles of Newspaper Writing and 

Reporting (3) 

Practice - writing reporting ezz ng aid laying out 

21 1 —Survey of English Literature (3) (L) 

_:5'a-. ~:,5~5-:s a" :_.ces Zr z- 5ec.^.- :- r G~g" :-e 


212— Survey of English Literature (3) (L) 

Literary movements and types from the Romantic 
movement to the present. 

221— Survey of American Literature (3) (L) 

American backgrounds and literary movements and 
types from the colonial writers through Whitman. 

222— Survey of American Literature (3) (L) 

American backgrounds and literary movements and 
types from Dickinson to the present. 

231— Short Fiction (3) (L) 

Study of selected short stories and short novels. 
232— The Novel (3) (L) 

Study of the form, content and development of selected 

233— Poetry <3) (L) 

Close analysis of poetic form and content. 

234— Shakespeare (3) (L) 

Shakespeare's achievement in selected plays and 

235— Tragedy (3) (L) 

Tragedy as form and idea reflected in selected literary 
and dramatic works of world literature. 

236— Comedy (3) (L) 

Comic conventions in selected works of world literature. 
241— Fantasy in Literature (3) (L) 

Themes, techniques, and structures in selections from 
the literature of fantasy. 

242— Myth in Literature <3) (L) 

Study of myth— cultural, natural, Christian, and 
classical— in selected literary works. 

243— Women in Literature (3) (L) 

Study of literature by women and about women. 
244— Narrative Form in Fiction and Film (3) | L I 

Study of parallel narratives in novels and fiction films, to 
see how the medium of telling affects the story told. 

251— Issues in Literature (3) 

Significant literary figures, movements and topics. 
Consult schedule of classes for specific topic. 

305— The English Language (3) 

Structural and transformational grammars and their 
application to the language. 

309— Medieval English Literature, 
including Chaucer (3) 

Major works and genres of Anglo-Saxon and Middle 
English literature, including lyric, heroic, and romance 
narratives and drama. In translation. 

315— English Drama through the 
Restoration (3) 

Origins and development of English drama through the 
Restoration. Includes miracle and morality plays, and 
Elizabethan, Jacobean and Restoration drama. 

316 — Renaissance and Baroque 
Literature (3) 


English nondramatic literature of the 16th and 17th 
centuries. Emphasizes Sidney, Spenser, Donne. Jonson 
and Milton 

319— Shakespeare: The Early Plays (3) 

Shakespeare's early development, focusing mainly on 
the comedies and history plays. 

320— Shakespeare: The Later Plays (3) 

Shakespeare's later development, focusing on the 
tragedies, problem plays, and final romances. 

325— The Age of Neoclassicism (3) 

English literature during the Restoration and the early 
18th century, with emphasis on the revival of classical 
aesthetics and forms. 

326— The Age of Sense and Sensibility (3) 

English literature during the second half of the 18th 
century, with emphasis on the transition from 
Neoclassicism to Romanticism. 

333— The British Novel to 1945 (3) 

Growth of the English novel from its origins to the 
Second World War. 


334— The American Novel to 1945 (3) (L) 

Growth of the American novel from its origins to the 
Second World War. 

335— English Romanticism: 

Wordsworth to Keats (3) (L) 

English literature of the early 19th century concentrating 
on the five great Romantic poets: Wordsworth, 
Coleridge, Byron, Shelley and Keats. 



-Victorian Literature (3) 

English literature from 1830 to 1900, emphasizing the 
poetry of Tennyson and Browning and the novels of 


355— American Romanticism (3) (L) 

Literary romanticism in 19th century American prose 
and poetry. Includes Hawthorne, Melville, Thoreau, 
Whitman and Dickinson. 

356— American Realism (3) (L) 

Literary realism in American prose and poetry of the 
19th and early 20th centuries. Includes James, Dreiser, 
Twain and others. 

365— Modern Literature, 1890-1930 (3) (L) 

Origin and development of major concerns and themes 
in the early modern period. Includes chiefly British and 

American writers. 

366— Modern Literature, 1920-1945 (3) (L) 

Explorations of modern themes and techniques in the 
works of major modern writers, chiefly British and 

367-Modern Drama (3) 

Modern drama beginning in the late 19th century. 
Includes Ibsen, Shaw, O'Neill, Beckett and Pinter. 


369— Contemporary European Fiction (3) (L) 

Major European writers of the 20th century and their 
reflection of literary, political, social, philosophical, and 
psychological developments. 

370— Contemporary Literature (3) (L) 

Contemporary literature, primarily British and American, 
in all genres. 

375, 376— Special Studies (3, 3) (L) 

Studies in significant literary figures, movements and 
topics. Consult schedule of classes for specific topic. 

397— Literary Criticism (3) (L) 

Literary criticism from Plato to the present with 
emphasis on both historical developments and examples 
of critical practice. 

406— Workshop in Writing (3) 

Practice in creative expression. Admission by consent of 
the instructor. 

41 1 —Studies in Drama (3) (L) 

Major problems, themes, movements or figures in 
drama. Consult schedule of classes for specific topic, 

413— Studies in Poetry (3) (L) 

Major problems, themes, movements or figures in 
poetry. Consult schedule of classes for specific topic. 

415— Studies in the Novel (3) (L) 

Major problems, themes, movements or figures in the 
novel. Consult schedule of classes for specific topic. 

455— Studies in English Literature 

to 1600 (3) (L) 

Significant figures, movements, themes or problems in 
English literature to 1600. Consult schedule of classes 
for specific topic. 

447— Studies in English Literature, 
1600-1800(3) (L) 

Significant figures, movements, themes or problems in 
English literature, 1600-1800. Consult schedule of 
classes for specific topic. 

449— Studies in English Literature, 

1 800-Present (3) (L) 

Significant figures, movements, themes or problems in 
English literature, 1800 to the present. Consult schedule 
of classes for specific topic. 

455— Studies in American Literature 

to 1900 (3) (L) 

Significant figures, movements, themes or problems in 
American literature through the 19th century. Consult 
schedule of classes for specific topic. 




457— Studies in American Literature, 

1 900-Present (3) (L) 

Significant figures, movements, themes or problems in 
American literature of the 20th century. Consult 
schedule of classes for specific topic 

465— Senior Seminar (3) 

Literature as a discipline. Topics include literary history, 
textual criticism, contemporary prose styles, and use of 
linguistics and computer techniques. 

491, 492, 493, 494-lndependent Study 
(3 each) 

Individual study under the direction of a member of the 

495— Independent Study in Creative Writing (3) 

Prerequisites: English 206, 207. Individual Study under 
the direction of a member of the staff. 

English 500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 


See Modern Foreigh Languages. 


Professor Emory, Chairman; Professor Bowen; Assisfant 
Professor Gouger (Career Adviser). 

Geography supports a liberal education 
program by describing, analyzing and 
explaining the diverse combination of forces 
which work to produce the varied world in 
which man lives. At the same time, the major 
provides training that leads to graduate study 
or careers in geography, cartography, 
teaching, planning, and urban affairs. 

Of special interest is a career-focus grouping 
of courses in cartography which meets or 
exceeds the reguirements of the state and 
federal civil service and provides training 
acceptable to most private mapping firms. 
Other departmental programs are designed 
to provide access to positions as 
geographers with governmental agencies, or 
to provide the basis for graduate studies. 
Teacher certification in geography is offered 
in cooperation with the Department of 

212— World Cultural Geography (3) 

Study of the world by regions, with emphasis on the 
cultural differences among nations. 

220— Geography of Anglo-America (3) 

Regional geography of the United States and Canada, 
stressing differences in land, landscape, life and 

241 — Introduction to Economic 
Geography (3) 

Distribution of man's economic activities and effects of 
physical, cultural, economic and political factors upon 


275 — Human Environment: Perception and 
Utilization (3) 

Human ecology, environmental quality, pollution, 
resource utilization, conservation and man's role in 
changing the face of the earth. 

312— Geomorphology (3) 

Origin and development of landforms and their relation 
to underlying structure, process and time. 

313— Weather and Climate (3) 

Analysis of weather processes; distribution of climatic 
regions; impact of climate upon man and nature. 

70 Geography 

321— Geography of Europe (3) (S) 

Climate, surface features, natural resources, population, 
agriculture, industry and trade of the European 

326— Geography of the Soviet Union (3) (S) 

Landforms, climate, boundaries, trade, resources, 
people and cultural groupings of the Soviet Union. 

331— Geography of East Asia (3) (S) 

Physical, cultural and economic geography of China, 
Japan and Southeast Asia. 

332— Geography of West Asia (3) (S) 

Landforms, climate, boundaries, trade, resources and 
cultural groupings in India and the Middle East. 

333— Geography of Africa (3) (H) 

Landforms. climate, peoples, boundaries, trade, 
resources and cultural groupings of the African 

334— Geography of South America (3) 

Survey of population, natural resources, geographic 
regions and potentialities of South America. 

335— Geography of Middle America and 
the Caribbean (3) 

Survey of population, natural resources, geographic 
regions and potentialities of Middle America and 

341— Economic Geography (3) 

Prerequisite: Geography 241 or permission. Detailed 
analysis of locational aspects of man's economic 

345— Urban Geography (3) 

Systematic study of internal and external spatial 
relationships of cities and city-systems. 






346— Introduction to Planning (3) 

Study of the basic concepts, laws and methods used in 
city and regional planning. 

361— Geographical Influences on 

History (3) (S) 

Influences of man's physical environment on history, 
with emphasis on American history. 

362— Political Geography (3) (S) 

Study of geographic factors in world power and 
international affairs. 

414— Air Photo Interpretation (3) (S) 

Basic principles of photogrammetry, geographic 
interpretation of aerial photographs and introduction to 
remote sensing of the environment. 

415— Cartography (4) (D) 

Introduction to basic cartographic methods; analyses of 
cartographic problems with exercises in techniques of 
graphic presentation. 

416— Advanced Cartography (4) (D) 

Prerequisite: Geography 415 or special permission. 
Advanced cartographic techniques, including 
cartograms, negative scribing, block diagrams and 
physiographic mapping. 

417— Field Methods (3) (S) 

Methods of obtaining information, mapping and 
preparation of reports and illustrative materials, based 
on field research experience. 

418— Field Geography (3) (S) 

Intensive study of a problem in physical, economic or 
cultural geography, conducted in an area of geographic 

422— Historical Geography of 
North America (3) 


Geography of selected regions of North America during 
designated periods of history. 

445— Advanced Urban Geography (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: Geography 345 or permission. Intensive 
view of geographic factors relating to urban structure. 

470— History of Geographic Thought (3) (S) 

Seminar on development of geographic knowledge, 
theory, philosophy and methods as illustrated by the 
writings of representative geographers. 


475— Readings in Geography (3) (S) 

Directed readings on a selected topic in geography 
under the guidance of a faculty member. 

491— Special Problems in Geography (3-6) (S) 

Independent study of some geographic problem 
selected in consultation with the department. 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 


Professor Bird, Chairman (Career Adviser); Assistant 
Professor Stablein. 

The program in geology is designed for the 
student who seeks a general knowledge of 
science and of the earth's physical and 
environmental changes throughout its five 
billion year history. Introductory and 
second-year courses are general, treating 
major concepts of the science; upper-level 
courses are in-depth studies of geologic 

The student majoring in geology acguires a 
strong background in one or more related 
sciences and applies these supporting 
studies to the posing of problems in subject 
areas ranging from plate-tectonics to ancient 
animal geography. The Department 
emphasizes progression toward 
independence in thought and in investigative 

The major or minor concentration in geology 
provides career opportunities with industrial 
or governmental agencies whose concerns 
include water, mineral or energy resources; 

surface or geologic mapping; and 
environmental studies. Geology majors can 
also prepare for careers in the teaching of 

121— Atmosphere and Hydrosphere (3) (N/M) 
Physical dynamics of atmosphere and oceans and their 
interaction. Laboratory. 

1 22— Continental Processes (3) (N M) 

Origin of the earth's surface and processes involved in 
its evolution. Laboratory. 

123— Geology Today (3) 

Environmental problems, origin and problems of mineral 
and energy resources and other selected topics. 

1 24— Earth Drama (3) (N M) 

Volcanism, earthquakes, mountain building and plate 
tectonics. Laboratory. 

221— Ancient Biologic Systems (3) (N M) 

Problems of population dynamics, ecology and evolution 
as seen in the geologic column. Laboratory. 

222— Sedimentation and 
Stratigraphy (3) 

Suggested preparation: one or more 100-level geology 
courses. Laboratory, 

240— Mineralogy (3) 

Suggested preparation: one 100-level geology course. 
Composition, structure, morphology and physical 
properties of minerals. Laboratory. 

241— Petrology (3) 

Suggested preparation: Geology 240. Classification, 
origin and occurence of igneous and metamorphic 
rocks. Laboratory. 

321— Physical Oceanography (3) (N M) 

Suggested preparation: Geology 121, physics, 
chemistry, calculus. Geophysics of fluid motion and 
geochemistry of marine waters. 

72 Geology 
Health, Physical Education, and Recreation 

322— Paleoecology (3) (N/M) 

Suggested preparation: Geology 221, biology, statistics. 
Population dynamics and evolution of communities. 

340— Geochemistry (3) (N/M) 

Suggested preparation: Geology 240, 241, chemistry, 
calculus. Surface, subsurface chemical processes; 
thermodynamics of mineral assemblages. 

341— Geophysics (3) (N/M) 

Suggested preparation: Geology 240, 241, physics, 
calculus Methods of determination of earth's structure, 
gravimetric, magnetic and seismic methods. 

350— Hydrology (3) (N/M) 

Suggested preparation: Geology 321. Ground and 
surface water flow and water quality. Laboratory. 

491, 492, 493— Independent Study in 
Geology (3 each) (N/M) 

Individual investigation of a research problem. 
500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 


See Modern Foreign Languages 

Health, Physical Education, 
and Recreation 

Associate Professor Arnold, Chairman, Associate 
Professors Clement, Droste, Greenberg, Woosley; 
Assistant Professor Tussey; Instructor Swain; Supervisor 
of Riding Simpson 

Participation in physical education, including 
classroom work and recreational activities, is 
considered an important part of the 
educational experience at Mary Washington. 
Accordingly, the Department of Health, 

Physical Education and Recreation offers a 
variety of activities designed to interest all 

Courses and programs range from beginning 
to advanced levels. These offerings are 
grouped into three categories: theoretical 
and practical work in the required program; 
intramural competition and clubs; and an 
intercollegiate sports program. Goolrick Hall, 
a modern gymnasium complex with a 
handball court, dance studios, Olympic-sized 
pool, auxiliary gym for individual exercise 
and gymnastics, and courts for basketball, 
volleyball and badminton, is utilized to the 
fullest in all phases of the program. 

Courses on the history, rules, and basic 
techniques of a wide range of sports and 
activities not only allow students to complete 
the necessary two credits for degree 
requirements, but provide educational and 
enjoyable experiences as well. 

Studio dance courses, such as ballet and 
modern dance, can be taken in the 
Department of Dramatic Arts and Dance to 
fulfill the physical education degree 
requirement. Riding is available for a special fee. 

The Recreation Association, a student 
organization, sponsors fencing, karate, and 
synchronized swimming clubs for interested 
students; it also directs intramural 
tournaments in flag football, basketball, 
volleyball, tennis, racketball, handball, table 
tennis, and badminton. 

The voluntary intercollegiate program, 
provides competition in field hockey, 

Health, Physical Education, and Recreation 

lacrosse, volleyball, swimming, and tennis for 
women, as well as basketball for men and 


100— Contemporary Health Problems (3) 


101, 102; 201, 202; 301, 302; 401, 402— Field 
Hockey (1 each) 

103, 104; 203, 204; 303, 304; 403, 404— 
Basketball (1 each) 

105, 106; 205, 206; 305, 306; 405, 406— 
Volleyball (1 each) 

109, 110; 209, 210; 309, 310; 409, 410— 
Lacrosse (1 each) 

111, 112; 211, 212; 311, 312; 411, 412— 
Gymnastics (1 each) 

113, 114; 213, 214; 313, 314; 413, 414— 
Individual Exercise (1 each) 

115, 116; 215, 216; 315, 316; 415, 416— 
Swimming (1 each) 

127, 128; 227, 228; 327, 328; 427, 428— Folk 
and National Dance (1 each) 

133, 134; 233, 234; 333, 334; 433, 434— 
Tennis (1 each) 

135, 136; 235, 236; 335, 336; 435, 436— Golf 
(1 each) 

139, 140; 239, 240; 339, 340; 439, 440— 
Archery (1 each) 

141, 142; 241, 242; 341, 342; 441, 442— 
Fencing (1 each) 

145, 146; 245, 246; 345, 346; 445, 446— 
Badminton (1 each) 

147, 148— Riding (1, 1) 

Prerequisite: written permission of parent or guardian. 
General handling, basic terminology, riding at walk, trot, 
canter and over low fences on loose reins. 

247, 248; 347, 348— Riding (1 each) 

Introduction and development of contact; study of seats; 
ring and cross-country jumping. 

447, 448— Riding (1, 1) 

Prerequisite: at least one semester riding at Mary 
Washington College. Schooling; a study of 
developmental aspects of the horse to his greatest 
potential physically and mentally. 

232— Campcraft (1) 

Fundamentals and practice of camping and camp 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 


Associate Professor Crawley. Chairman; Professors 
Bourdon, Vance, Zimdars (Career Adviser): Associate 
Professors Ryang, Tracy; Assistant Professors Campbell. 

History is nothing less than the record of 
mankind's existence on earth. As such, it 
encompasses all the other liberal arts 
disciplines and provides the foundation for a 
greater appreciation of other areas of study. 
The aim of the Department of History is to 
examine the past in such a way as to enrich 
a student's awareness of his heritage, 
increase his understanding of the present, 
and illumine his view toward the future. 

To that end, the Department offers a wide 

array of national histories including Europe, 
the Far East, and Latin America. Offerings in 
American history are varied, including 
courses in social and intellectual, black, 
frontier, Southern, diplomatic, and modern 

74 History 

history. The curriculum has several distinctive 
features. First is a series of introductory 
courses in American and European history 
which divides those areas into manageable 
periods, allowing students to concentrate on 
areas of greatest interest. Second is a series 
of special studies seminars whose topics 
each semester are determined largely by 
current student interest; recent topics have 
included the American Indian, the Age of 
Jefferson, Roosevelt and the New Deal, 
Woman in 20th Century America, Nazi 
Germany, Stalinist Russia and Maoist China. 

Students who graduate in history enjoy a 
diversity of career opportunities in addition to 
teaching. Because the discipline requires a 
knowledge of people and their institutions, 
together with the ability to communicate and 
analyze ideas, history is one of the best 
preparations for law school or for a career in 
government, politics, or diplomacy. Since the 
study of history involves a knowledge of 
research methods and facilities, it affords 
excellent training for a career in library 
science or employment as a professional 
archivist. The same skills equip history 
students for positions in newspaper and 
periodical journalism and in media research. 
Often overlooked is the fact that the business 
world offers opportunities for history majors, 
particularly those who augment their major 
with appropriate courses in economics and 
accounting; such opportunities include 
positions in advertising, personnel and public 

101, 102— Survey of American 

History (3, 3) (S) 

First semester, colonial period through the Civil War; 
second semester Reconstruction to present. 

111, 11 2— Survey of Western 

Civilization (3, 3) (S) 

First semester, ancient times to Renaissance; second 
semester, Protestant Reformation through twentieth 

221 —Colonial America (3) (S) 

Discovery, exploration, settlement and expansion of the 
British colonies to 1763, emphasizing political, religious, 
economic and social developments. 

222— The American Revolution and the 

Early National Period (3) (S) 

Independence, the Confederation, formation of the 
Constitution, rise of political parties and the Age of 

223— Civil War, Reconstruction and 

the Gilded Age (3) (S) 

Slavery and sectionalism, the War, the problems of 
Reconstruction and the emergence of industrial 

224— Twentieth Century America (3) (S) 

Emergence of the United States as a world power since 
1900, emphasizing economic, social diplomatic and 
political developments. 

231 —History of Greece (3) (S) 

Geography, history and civilization of Greece from the 
earliest times through the death of Alexander the Great. 

232— History of Rome (3) (S) 

Formation, development and demise of the Republic, 
Augustus and the Empire, and the impact of 

233— Medieval Europe (3) (S) 

Decline of the Roman Empire, the church, feudal 
institutions, medieval thought and the origins of modern 
national institutions. 


234— The Renaissance and Reformation (3) (S) 

Growth of Italian city-states, the new philosophy of man, 
Christian humanism and the spread of Protestantism. 

235— Early Modern Europe (3) (S) 

The Age of Absolutism, the Enlightenment, the impact of 
the French Revolution with attention to the role of 

236— Modern Europe (3) (S) 

Europe from 1815 to present, with emphasis on 
intellectual, cultural and political developments, the 
World Wars, fascism and communism. 

241, 242— Asian Civilization (3, 3) (S) 

First semester, from earliest times to approximately 
1800; second semester, present, with emphasis on 
China and Japan. 

301, 302— Diplomatic History of the 

United States (3, 3) (S) 

First semester, foreign relations from colonial period to 
approximately 1860; second semester, 1860 to the 

303, 304— The Old and New South <3, 3) (S) 

First semester treats the plantation system, slavery, 
sectionalism, and the Civil War; second semester, 
development of the modern South, 

305— The Frontier in American History (3) (S) 

Western movement across the continent from colonial 
beginnings to present; impact of frontier experience on 
American attitudes and values. 

306— The Black in American History (3) (S) 

Development of racism, the slavery experience, the 
segregation era, the civil rights movement and the rise 
of black militancy. 

307, 308— Social and Intellectual History 

of the United States (3, 3) (S) 

Changing patterns of thought and social life in America, 
emphasizing the impact of Darwinism and industrialism. 

310 —United States since 1945 (3) (S) 

Topics include the Truman era, Cold War, Eisenhower, 
McCarthyism, civil rights movement, Kennedy, Johnson, 
Vietnam, black militancy, feminism, Nixon, and Watergate. 

321, 322— History of Latin America (3, 3) 

Colonial institutions, the independence movement, 
development of modern states, the Organization of 
American States and other international problems. 

323, 324— Social and Intellectual History 
of Latin America (3, 3) 

Intensive study of Latin American institutions and 
thought from preconquest Indian cultures through the 
Spanish conquest to the present. 

351, 352— History of England (3, 3) 

Survey of English history from beginning to present with 
emphasis on economic and constitutional phases and 
growth of British empire. 

353, 354— History of France (3, 3) 

First semester, Gaul and the Franks to French 
Revolution and Napoleon; second semester, Restoration 
Era to deGaulle. 

355, 356— History of Germany (3, 3) 

From first appearance of Germanic peoples in Roman 
Empire through the rise of Prussia to Hitler and the 
Third Reich. 

357, 358— History of Russia (3, 3) 

First semester, Kiev. Moscovy and Imperial Russia to 
1856; second semester, the last Romanovs, Revolution 
and Soviet Period. 

359, 360— History of Spain (3, 3) 

From Moorish invasions to present, with emphasis on 
social and economic developments from 16th century to 
the modern age. 

363— History of China (3) 

Social, political and intellectual development of China 
from earliest times to present; emphasis on rise of 
modern nationalism, Maoist period. 

76 History 

Human Learning 



Library Science 

364— History of Japan (3) (S) 

Social, political and intellectual development of Japan 
from earliest times to present; emphasis on rise of 
Japan to world power. 

373, 374— European Social and 
Intellectual History (3, 3) 

Selected studies of representative thinkers from St. 
Augustine to the present, emphasizing their place in the 
development of Western thought. 

371, 372— European Diplomatic History (3,3) (S) 

First Semester: Development of modern state system 
through Napoleon. Second semester: from Congress of 
Vienna through the World Wars to detente. 

491— Independent Historical Research (3) (S) 

Introduction to methods of historical research with 
emphasis upon a formal paper on a subject chosen by 
the student. 

471, 472— Special Studies in 

American History (3, 3) (S) 

473, 474— Special Studies in 

European History (3, 3) (S) 

475, 476— Special Studies in 

Latin American History (3, 3) (S) 

477, 478— Special Studies in 

Far Eastern History (3, 3) (S) 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 

Human Learning 

(Career-Focus Grouping) 

Professor S'ayton and Associate Professor Holmes, 
Program and Career Advisers. 

guided program in human learning. Involved 
is an individually tailored selection of courses 
to provide the student with a broad overview 
of the learning process. Usually, the student 
majors in an area such as psychology and 
sociology at the same time he fulfills most or 
all of the requirements for elementary 
certification. Thus he gains background for 
graduate work in professional specializations 
such as educational psychology, special 
education, school administration, instruction 
supervision, or guidance counseling. 


See Modern Foreign Languages. 


See Classics. 

Library Science 

The ability to make good use of library 
resources is essential to. a liberal arts and 
sciences education. The offering in Library 
Science is designed to enhance student 
awareness of libraries in general and the 
College library in particular. E. Lee Trinkle 
Library has a collection of more than 
230,000 volumes and over 1,200 periodical 
and newspaper subscriptions. 

The student who wishes more extensive 
preparation for education-oriented careers 
than is afforded by the teacher certification 

101— Library Resources and Their Use (1) 

Introduction to college library resources with limited 
emphasis on techniques of research. 

Mathematics, Statistics, and Computer Science 


Assistant Professor Disraeli, 
Program and Career Adviser. 

The College offering in linguisfics aims to 
give the student, regardless of special 
interest, an understanding of the fundamental 
structure of language and, in conjunction 
with other disciplines, an opportunity to 
explore the acquisition of language in 
cultures and societies. 

Linguistics courses can be advantageous to 
students in any of the liberal arts majors. 
There is no established major program in 
linguistics, but the courses can be used in 
support of other programs, and have proven 
useful to students entering a variety of 
socio-cultural research fields upon 

101— Trends in Modern Linguistics (3) (S) 

The nature, structure and function of language, its 
acquisition, its relationship to thought and its use in a 
social context. 

201— Anthropological Linguistics (3) (S) 

The significance of language for human social life, how 
it reflects thinking processes, and the manipulative 
devices of advertising and politics. 

204— Sociolinguistics (3) (S) 

Language as an instrument for the acquisition and 
maintenance of personality, role and status. Verbal 
behavior and nonverbal communication 

301— Field Methods in Linguistics (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: previous linguistics course or permission of 
instructor. Linguistic theory and practice as a tool in 
anthropological and sociological field work. 

491, 492, 493, 494— Independent Study 
in Linguistics (3 each) 

In-depth individual research in an area of linguistics 
under the guidance of a member of the staff. By 

Mathematics, Statistics, 
Computer Science 


Associate Professor Lindsey, Chairman (Career 
Adviser); Associate Professors A. M. Harris, Sarchet 
(Career Adviser), Zeleznock; Assistant Professors 
D. Brown, E. Johnson (Statistics Program and Career 
Adviser), Pierce, Tyree. 

This department offers a variety of courses in 
mathematics, statistics and computer 
science, as well as a major in mathematics. 

Mathematics courses vary from the 
theoretical to applied. A carefully selected 
combination of courses gives students solid 
background in the discipline as both an 
intellectual and functional enterprise. A major 
in mathematics can be a foundation for 
careers in industry, government, teaching, or 
for the pursuit of a higher degree in graduate 
school. The Department provides the 
opportunity for a student to graduate with a 
major in three years, and encourages double 
majors, giving students entrance to an even 
wider variety of fields upon graduation. 

Statistics courses, which provide a rational 
basis for reasoning, emphasize the ability to 
reason statistically, and lay the groundwork 
for understanding institutional decision- 
making processes, quality of information, and 
the effective use of common statistical tools. 

78 Mathematics, Statistics, and Computer Science 

Many students take statistics courses to 
strengthen understanding of the quantitative 
aspects of other disciplines. Taking courses 
in the field helps to broaden career 
opportunities in such areas as management, 
or statistical work with government or 
industry. Students also have the option of 
pursuing graduate work in the discipline. 

In computer science, the Department offers 
one introductory course and two summer 
workshops in programming. The department 
currently maintains one computer system 
with software in FORTRAN, ALGOL and 
time-shared BASIC and another with BASIC 
software, a line printer and plotter. In 
addition, remote time-sharing facilities are 
available for telephone connection with other 
state computing systems. 


101— Introduction to Mathematics (3) (N/M) 

A liberal arts course in mathematics. Topics include 
sets, logic, number theory, matrices and probability. 

1 1 1 —Mathematical Analysis (3) (N/M) 

Pre-calculus. Emphasis is on elementary functions. 
121— Calculus I (3) (N/M) 

Calculus of algebraic functions with applications 
221 -Calculus II (3) (N/M) 

Advanced topics of calculus of algebraic functions and 
calculus of transcendental functions with applications. 

231— Calculus III (3) (N/M) 

Solid analytics, multivariate calculus, vector analysis and 
infinite series. 

300— Linear Methods (3) (N/M) 

Matrix algebra with emphasis on computational methods 
and elementary programming techniques. 

301, 302— Higher Algebra (3, 3) 


Mappings, groups, rings, fields, vector spaces and linear 

312— Differential Equations (3) (N/M) 

Ordinary differential equations with applications and an 
introduction to partial differential equations. 

341, 342— Advanced Calculus (3, 3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 231. A rigorous, real analysis 
approach to the Topics of Calculus. 

351— Computer Structures and 

Techniques (3) (N/M) 

Structure and flexibility of modern computer systems; 

theoretical computation; and introduction to assembly 


361— Topics In Applied Mathematics (3) (N/M) 
Prerequisites: Mathematics 231, 300, 312 or permission. 
Applications of Ordinary and Partial Differential 
Equations, Fourier Series and optimization methods. 

41 2— Complex Variables (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 341. Analytic functions, 
Cauchy-Riemann conditions, integration, power series, 
calculus of residues, conformal mappings and 

421— Number Theory (3) 


Properties of the integers: divisibility, congruences, 
quadratics reciprocity and number-theoretic functions. 

431, 432— Higher Geometry (3, 3) (N/M) 

Methods of higher geometry; geometries of projective 
group of transformation; applications of affine and 
metric geometries. 

441 —General Topology (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 301. Point-set theory 
including connectedness, compactness, continuity and 
metric space. 

451, 452— Numerical Analysis (3, 3) (N/M) 

Numerical methods applied to: solution of equations; 
interpolation; differentiation; integration; and solution of 
differential equations. 

Mathematics, Statistics, and Computer Science 

Medical Technology 

Modern Foreign Languages 

491, 492, 493, 494— Selected Topics In 
Mathematics (3 each) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: departmental permission. Independent 
study under the direction of a member of the staff. May 
lead to graduation with Honors. 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 


100— Survey of Statistics (3) 

Survey of statistical reasoning and its application, 
intended for non-scientists. Ideas are illustrated using 
case histories from diverse fields. 

200— Introduction to Statistics (3) (N/M) 

First course in statistical methods. Both parametric and 
nonparametric techniques. Examples from diverse fields. 

301, 302— Introduction to Probability 

and Statistical Inference (3, 3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 231. Careful introduction to 
probability theory and theoretical statistics including 
both classical and Bayesian approaches to estimation 
and testing problems. 

420— Readings in Experimental 

Statistics (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. General linear 
models, experimental design and analysis, other topics 
as required. 


101— Introduction to Computers (2) 

Introduction to computers; structure and application of 
computer systems, programming in BASIC language 
and "hands on" experience. 

201 S— Workshop I in Computer Programming 
and Systems (3) (N M) 

Introduction to programming and systems structure. 
Workshop environment using the Nova 1220 computer 
and BASIC language. 

202S— Workshop II in Computer Programming 
and Systems (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Workshop I or permission. Emphasis on 
other higher level languages, peripheral storage devices, 
tasking, swapping, chaining and overlays. 

Medical Technology 

(Cooperative Major) 

Professor R. M. Johnson, Program and Career Adviser 

Medical technology offers a three-year 
regular degree program at the College to be 
followed by entrance to one of three 
cooperating institutions the fourth year, 
resulting in Bachelor of Science degree in 
Medical Technology from Mary Washington 
College. Individual programs of study at the 
College are determined by the students and 
the program adviser with regard for the 
prerequisites named by the cooperating 
institutions: Fairfax Hospital, University of 
Virginia School of Medicine, and Roanoke 
Memorial Hospitals. 

Modern Foreign Languages 

Professor Stephenson. Chairman (Career Adviser for 
Spanish); Professors Bozicevic. Hofmann. Hoge. 
E. Jones; Associate Professors Ascari. Blessing (Career 
Adviser for French), Bruckner (Career Adviser for 
German), Herman; Assistant Professors Manolis, Merrill. 
Pena; Instructor Ouann. 

Offering students an opportunity to gain 
mastery of one or more foreign languages, 
the Department provides classes in French, 
Spanish, German. Italian, and Russian, and 

Modern Foreign Languages 

has on its faculty a native speaker in each of 
these languages. 

Students learn to read, understand, speak, 
and write the language of their choice. 
Language laPoratory facilities for tapes and 
records are used extensively to supplement 
classroom instruction. Upper-level classes 
are conducted in the foreign language. 
Through class, individual research, and work 
in department-sponsored language cluPs. 
students come to know the culture of the 
country whose language they are studying. 

The Department has major programs in 
French, Spanish, and German, and provides 
Spanish and French majors the opportunity 
to reside in small campus residence halls in 
which the language is spoken exclusively 
and which sponsor various inter-cultural 
programs each year. 

The Department cooperates with a variety of 
overseas study groups, advises students 
wishing to study aProad, and helps in 
planning their foreign study programs. 

Graduates in modern foreign languages enter 
teaching or any numPer of fields in which 
knowledge of a second language is essential, 
including translation, research, human 
services or international business and 


101-102— Beginning French (6) 

Grammar, composition, conversation, reading. 
151-152— Intermediate French (6) 

Grammar review, reading, oral work, laboratory use 
201, 202— Studies in Language I (3, 3) 

Grammar, composition, conversation. Does not count 
toward French major. 

300— French Phonetics (3) 

Recommended to French majors and prospective 
teachers of French. 

301, 302— Studies in Language II (3, 3) 

Advanced grammar, composition, conversation. 
Required of majors; others by permission. 

315, 316— French Civilization (3, 3) (S) 

Geography, history, political background of France and 
French people. 

321, 322— Survey of French Literature (3, 3) (L) 

A thematic approach. 

331— Literature of the Middle Ages and 
Renaissance (3) (L) 

French literature from its beginnings through the XVI 

351— Drama of the Seventeenth Century (3) (L) 

Corneille, Moliere and Racine. 

352— Non-dramatic Literature of the 
Seventeenth Century (3) (L) 

Pascal. Mme de Sevigne. Mme de La Fayette, 
LaFontaine. Fenelon. 

361— Literature of Eighteenth Century 
Philosophers (3) (L) 

Montesquieu. Rousseau and Voltaire. 

362— The Theater and the Novel of the 
Eighteenth Century (3) (L) 

371— The Novel of the 

Nineteenth Century (3) (L) 

Hugo, Stendhal, Balzac. Flaubert and Zola. 

Modern Foreign Languages 

372— Nineteenth Century Theater (3) (L) 

Hugo, de Musset, Dumas and Rostand. 

381— The Novel of the 

Twentieth Century (3) (L) 

Includes Proust, Gide, Mauriac and Malraux. 

382— Twentieth Century Theater (3) (L) 

Includes Claudel, Sartre, Anouilh and lonesco. 

395, 396— French Literature in 

Translation (3, 3) (L) 

Taught in English. 

481, 482— Senior Seminar 

491, 492— Independent Study (3, 3) 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 


101-102— Beginning German (6) 

Grammar, composition, conversation, reading. 
151-152— Intermediate German (6) 
Grammar review, reading, oral work, laboratory use. 
201, 202— Studies in Language I (3, 3) 

Grammar, composition, conversation. 

301, 302— Studies in Language II (3, 3) 

Advanced grammar, composition, translation. Required 
of majors. 

315, 316— German Culture and 

Institutions (3, 3) (S) 

321, 322— Survey of German 

Literature (3, 3) (L) 

371— German Classicism (3) (L) 

372— German Romanticism (3) (L) 

Includes Eichendorff, Kleist, Novalis, and Tieck. 

373, 374— Nineteenth Century 

Literature (3, 3) (L) 

381, 382— Twentieth Century 
Literature (3, 3) 

Includes Hofmannsthal, Mann, Rilke, Musil, Kafka, 
Brecht, Durrenmatt, Boll, Grass. 

395, 396— German Literature in 
Translation (3, 3) 

Taught in English. 

481, 482— Seminar in German Literature 
491, 492— Independent Study (3, 3) 
500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 


101-102— Beginning Italian (6) 

Grammar, composition, conversation, reading. 

151-152— Intermediate Italian (6) 

Grammar review, reading, oral work, laboratory use. 

211, 212— Italian Conversation (1, 1) 

221 , 222— Modern Italian Literature (3, 3) L 

Literature of the 19th and 20th centuries. 

271, 272— Nineteenth Century 
Literature (3, 3) 

Includes Manzoni, Foscolo, Leopardi. 

315, 316— Society and Civilization (3, 3) 

Literary, social, and cultural history of the Italian people. 
395— Italian Literature in Translation (3) 

Taught in English. Dante's Divine Comedy and early 
Italian poets. 

396 — Italian Literature in Translation and 
Masterpieces of the Renaissance (3) 

Taught in English. 

491, 492— Independent Study (3, 3) 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed m 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 

62 Modern Foreign Languages 


101-102— Beginning Russian (6) 

Grammar, composition, conversation, reading. 

151-152— Intermediate Russian (6) 

Grammar review, reading, oral work, laboratory use. 

211, 212— Russian Conversation (1, 1) 

201— Studies in Language (3) 

Reading, composition. 

315— Russian Culture (3) (S) 

Institutions, politics, and the "byt" way of life. 

321, 322— Survey of Russian 

Literature (3, 3) (L) 

395— Russian Literature in English 
Translation— Nineteenth Century (3) (L) 

Core course for Russian studies major. 

396 — Russian Literature in English 
Translation— Twentieth Century (3) (L) 

Core course for Russian studies major. 
491, 492— Independent Study (3, 3) 
500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 


101 -102— Beginning Spanish (6) 

Grammar, composition, conversation, reading. 
151-152— Intermediate Spanish (6) 

Grammar review, reading, oral work, laboratory use. 
201— Studies in Language I (3) 

Grammar and composition. 

211, 212— Intermediate Spanish Conversation 
1(1, D 

225, 226— Introduction to Spanish American 
Literature (3, 3) (L) 

301, 302— Studies in Language II (3, 3) 

Advanced grammar, composition, translation. Required 
of majors. 

311, 312— Intermediate Spanish Conversation 
11(1, D 

315— Spanish Civilization (3) (S) 

316— Spanish American Civilization (3) (S) 

321, 322— Survey of Spanish 

Literature (3, 3) (L) 

325— Poetry of Spain (3) (L) 

Poetry from the 1 1th century to the contemporary 

331— Literature of the Middle Ages and 
Renaissance (3) (L) 

351— Drama of the Golden Age (3) 
352— Prose of the Golden Age (3) 

362— Spanish Literature of the Eighteenth 
Century (3) (L) 

371— Nineteenth Century Drama (3) (L) 

Romantic drama, "alta comedia." and theater of ideas. 

372— Nineteenth Century Novel (3) 


375— Spanish American Literature from the 
Colonial Period Through the Period of 
Independence (3) (L) 

376— Spanish American Literature- 
Modernism (3) (L) 
Poetry and prose of "modernismo". 1888 through the 
period of World War I. 

381— The Generation of 98 (3) 

Includes Unamuno, Ortega y Gasset, Azorin, Baroja. 
Valle Inclan. Antonio Machado. 


382— Twentieth Century Drama (3) (L) 

Includes Garcia Lorca. Buero Vallejo, Sastre. Ruiz 
Iriarte. Mihura. 

383— Contemporary Spanish Prose (3) (L) 

Emphasis on post-Civil War authors and productions. 

Modern Foreign Languages 

385, 386— Twentieth Century Spanish 
American Literature (3, 3) (L) 

395, 396— Spanish Literature in 

Translation (3, 3) (L) 

Taught in English. 

411, 412— Advanced Conversation (1, 1) 

Required of majors. 

451— Intensive Study of Cervantes <3) (L) 

471— Intensive Study of Galdos (3) (L) 

481, 482— Seminar in Spanish Literature (L) 

491, 492— Independent Study (3, 3) 

500 — Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 

consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 


Associate Professor Hamer, Chairman; Professor Baker, 
Associate Professor Lemoine; Assistant Professor Martin 
(Career Adviser); Instructors Bailey, Chalifoux, 
M. Fickett, McCarty, Reinburg, Sabine 

To further enhance the student's awareness 
of music as an art form, the Department 
sponsors regular recitals and concerts by 
faculty members and visiting performers, and 
encourages students to take advantage of 
the College's formal Concert Series, which 
features nationally recognized artists. 

The courses and major program of the 
Department provide good background for 
graduate school, for becoming a professional 
musician, or for working in a related field 
such as teaching or the music industry, as 
well as for learning to appreciate good music 
through better understanding. 

The Department of Music is accredited by 
the National Association of Schools of Music, 
has a chapter of Mu Phi Epsilon, 
international professional music sorority, and 
sponsors student chapters of the American 
Guild of Organists and the Music Educators 
National Conference. 

To promote understanding and appreciation 
of music as a cultural asset, the Department 
of Music offers a wide-ranging program in 
music theory, literature, and history, as well 
as intensive instruction for both vocal and 
instrumental students. As in all liberal arts 
programs, the emphasis is broad coverage 
rather than one area. 

Performance is an important part of the 
music program at Mary Washington, and 
students are given opportunities to play in 
individual recitals or to join in groups, such 
as the College-Community Orchestra, the 
MWC Chorus, the Woodwind Ensemble, and 
the Fredericksburg Singers. 


131— Survey of Baroque and Classic 
Music (3) 

Broad survey of music covering the works of composers 
from Monteverdi to Beethoven. 

132— Survey of Romantic and Modern 
Music (3) 

Music from 1825 to the present. Principal composers 
and works from Romanticism and Impressionism 
through the Electronic Age. 

210— Music and the Arts (3) 

Music-oriented humanities course emphasizing stylistic 
character and cultural climate of music in relationship to 
other Western Civilization arts. 

221— History of Musical Instruments (3) 

Evolution of musical instruments in western culture, 
performance, practices, literature and development of 

:~e r-cest'E 2~e-ez -a sr~es"e- zzz -_~ce'ec 


101, 102— Principles of Harmony I (3, 3) 

;ntals of music, chord structure, 
tion. Figured bass, melodies. 

231 —Introduction to Electronic Music (3) 

concepts, language and compositional techniques as 
they apply to synthesized music. Offered first semeste r 

307S— History of American Music (3) (H) 

Exploration of music b r :~z~. to ~~e r ca by early 
settlers, its European rcc:s - story and development 

311, 312— History of Music (3, 3) 

Development of music from ancient to modern times 
with special correlation of historical and cultural trends. 

321— Twentieth Century Music (3) 
Prerequisite: Music 131 or 132 or 311, or permission of 
the instructor. Twentieth century practices in musical 
composition and their relationship to the historical 
developments in music. 

332-History of Jazz (3) 

le.ecc-e" of azz ragtime, blues. Dixieland. Boogie 
Woogie and later styles which evolved from jazz. 
Se: : : S5~es:e' 

412— Choral Literature (2) 

Sacred and secular choral literature from the 
Rena ssa~ce through the 20th century; consideration of 
textual and musical content. Open to non-music majors 
by permission of the instructor. Second semester. 

413S— Choral Music for School (1) 

Comprehensive survey of selected choral offerings for 
the school. Workshop participants sing and discuss 
choral techniques. 

414S— Choral Music for Church (1) 

Comprehensive survey of selected choral offerings for 
the church. Workshop participants sing and discuss 
choral techniques. 

103, 104— Harmonic Skills I (1, 1) 
Development of aural and written skills in identifying 
intervals and chords; melodic and harmonic dictation, 

--.:-— z' =" ;r:-5":": 

Music 101 and 103 must be taken concurrently in the 

first semester: 102 and 104 concurrently in the second 


201, 202— Principles of Harmony II. (3, 3) 

nonfunctional uses of altered chords: emphasis on 20th 
century concepts of Hindemith and Schoenberg. 

203, 204— Harmonic Skills II (1, 

Continuation of 103. 104. 


r z ^.- ~„s: re :=-e~ :"C"r-: . - :~e 
r; Music 202 and 204 in the second 
sequence only. 

301— Strict Counterpoint (2) 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Music 201. 
strict contrapuntal writing are discusse 
in all five species. 



302— Free Counterpoint (2) 

Prerequisite: Music 301. Free contrapuntal writing 
techniques are stressed along with practice in invention 
and fugal writing. 

391— Orchestration (3) 

Prerequisite or corequisite: 201 , 203. Techniques of 
instrumental scoring considered historically and 

:-ea: ,e , ~-e-ec _ a se~es:e' e.e~--~~ze-ez ,ea-s 

401, 402— Structure and Composition (3) 

Structural and harmonic analysis of traditional and 
contemporary compositions, correlated with creative 
work in small forms. Only in sequence. 

Music 85 


105-127— Studio Music 

Individual lessons (based upon placement audition) are 
ottered advanced players in orchestral instruments, 
(including harp, organ, piano and voice). Lessons are 
one halt-hour lesson per week for one credit. 
A maximum of twelve hours in individual instruction fs 
allowed toward the degree. However, all credits beyond 
this will be credited over and above the 122 hours 
required for graduation. 

105 Violin; 106 Viola; 107 Violoncello; 108 Doublebass; 
112 Clarinet; 113 Flute; 114 Oboe; 1 15 Saxophone; 
1 1 8 French Horn; 1 1 9 Trombone; 1 24 Harp; 1 25 
Organ; 126 Piano; 127 Percussion. 
Instructors in individual lessons are: Mrs. Anne F. 
Hamer, violoncello and piano; Mrs. Martha V. Fickett, 
Mr. Bernard C. Lemoine and Miss Sherrill V. Martin, 
piano; Mrs. Yvonne M. Sabine, voice; Mr. James E. 
Baker, woodwind, brass and percussion; Mrs. Peggy K. 
Reinburg, organ; Mr. C. Stanley McCarty, strings; and 
Miss Jeanne D. Chalifoux, harp. 

A full-time student does not pay additional fees for 
studio music. 

140— Chorus (1) 

Students have an opportunity to study and perform 
selected repertoire for women's voices representing all 
periods of music literature. Open by audition. 

141, 142— Brass Instruments (1, 1) 

Beginning class study of playing techniques on brass 
instruments, investigating techniques and acoustical 
principles; reference to historical development and 

143, 144— String Instruments (1,1) 

Beginning class study of playing techniques on string 
instruments, investigating techniques and acoustical 
principles; reference to historical development and 

145, 1 46— Woodwind Instruments (1,1) 

Beginning class study of playing techniques on 
woodwind instruments, investigating techniques and 
acoustical principles; reference to historical development 
and literature. 

147— Percussion (1) 

Beginning class study of playing techniques on 
instruments of definite and indefinite pitch, with 
emphasis on snare drum performance techniques. 
Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years. 

1 50— Orchestral Ensemble (1) 

Orchestral literature from all periods of music literature. 
This group is a nucleus for the College-Community 
Orchestra. Open to all instrumentalists by audition. 
The College-Community Orchestra is made up of 
students and community instrumentalists who enjoy 
playing and performing orchestral repertoire. Open to 
any qualified instrumentalist. 

151, 152— Class Piano I and II (1, 1) 

Group instruction for beginners; emphasis on 
development of basic keyboard facility, clef reading, 
hand position, fingering, pedalling, and technique. 
Admission to 152 based upon results of a placement 
audition or successful completion of 151. 

1 60— Woodwind Ensemble (1) 

Performance experience in representative compositions 
from all periods of music. The ensemble presents an 
informal program each semester. Open to all woodwind 
players by audition. 

161, 162— Class Voice I and II (1, 1) 

Group instruction for beginners; emphasis on the 
fundamentals of singing, posture, breathing, tone 
production, diction, resonance and performance 
techniques. Admission by audition or successful 
completion of first semester course. 

1 71 S— Class Guitar I (1) 

Group lessons in classical guitar for beginners; 
emphasis on the development of basic techniques, 
historical development and literature. 

172S— Class Guitar II (1) 

Group lessons in classical guitar for intermediate 
students. A continuation of 1 71 S 

240— Keyboard Ensemble (1) 

To give the keyboard player experience in ensemble 
playing through literature for four hands, piano 
accompanying and sight reading. 

86 Music 

251, 252— Class Piano III and IV (1, 1) 

For intermediate students; includes study of elementary 
and intermediate works from standard piano repertoire, 
with emphasis on interpretation and ensemble. 
Admission based upon results of a placement audition, 
or successful completion of previous semester's course. 

261, 262-Class Voice III and IV (1, 1) 

For intermediate students; emphasis on perfecting 
techniques learned in first year; extending range. 
dynamics, agility, flexibility and repertoire. Admission to 
262 based upon successful completion of 261 , or 
results of a placement audition. 

341— Choral Conducting (2) 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Music 201, 203. Principles 
and techniques of conducting, including the study of 
materials, arranging for varied vocal groups and 
program planning. First semester. 

342— Instrumental Conducting (2) 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Music 202, 203. Principles 
and techniques of conducting, including the study of 
materials, arranging for miscellaneous instrumental 
groups, and program planning. Second semester. 


350— Music for the Elementary Classroom 
Teacher (3) 

Objectives and processes of teaching music with 
emphasis on music reading, conceptual learning and 
teacher competencies. Each semester. Music 350 is for 
non-music majors planning to teach in the elementary 

Education 317— Teaching Music in the 
Elementary School (3) 

Objectives and processes of teaching music with 
emphasis on music reading, conceptual learning, 
curriculum and evaluation. 

Education 318— Teaching Music in the 
Secondary Schools (3) 

Discussions on the adolescent, music management in 
the schools, history and philosophy of music education, 
curriculum and current trends. Education 317 and 318 

are for music majors preparing to teach in elementary 
and secondary schools. 

491, 492— Independent Study (2-3) (H) 

Individual study under the direction of a music 
department faculty member. Details may be obtained 
from the chairman. By permission of the Department. 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 

501, 502— Honors (H) 

A music major may graduate with Honors in Music by 
fulfilling certain criteria. Details may be obtained from 
the chairman. By permission of the Department. Credit 


(Planned-Transfer Grouping) 

The Office of the Assistant Dean for 
Academic Advising. Adviser. 

Although Mary Washington has no affiliate 
program with a school of nursing, students 
can prepare at the College for almost any 
school of nursing that normally accepts 
junior transfer students. The degree in 
nursing is awarded Py the transfer school. 
Students interested in this program should 
consult with the schools to which they intend 
to apply, and with the program adviser at 
Mary Washington. Planned-transfer courses 
at the College are quite demanding: students 
find no difficulty, if their plans change, in 
moving into another medical field or to a 
science major such as chemistry or Piology. 

Philosophy B 


Professor Van Sant, Chairman (Career Adviser); 
Assistant Professor Cobb. 

Philosophy is the critical examination of our 
basic beliefs and presuppositions. By its 
nature, the study of philosophy develops 
clear and systematic thinking; it requires the 
analysis of different kinds of abstract 
problems; it develops the ability to do 
research, organize results and present those 

Because the Department emphasizes close 
attention to arguments, creative research into 
philosophical problems, and the competent 
expression, orally and in writing, of the 
student's views, philosophy can be studied 
profitably by a student majoring in any 
College program. 

The objectives of the Department are to serve 
the rest of the academic program of the 
College by offering courses of interest to the 
scientist and mathematician, the social 
scientist, and the student interested in the 
humanities and literature. 

The major in philosophy is of special interest 
to students who wish a more thorough 
understanding of the history of the discipline 
and the inter-relations of various 
philosophical problems. The major is also 
beneficial to students planning to enter the 
professions of law, theology, or medicine. 
Many students give depth to their academic 
preparation by combining philosophy and 
another subject in a double major. 

111— Introduction: Morals and Society (3) 

Alternate views of the nature of morality. Offered each 

151— Introduction to Logic and 
Language (3) 

Valid forms of reasoning. Offered each semester. 

211— Ethical Studies (3) 

The status and justification of moral judgments, and the 
reasons behind disagreements in moral issues. 

212— Aesthetics (3) 

Examination of a variety of attempts to validate norms of 
taste and of criticism. 

221— Philosophical Problems of Law (3) 

The relation between moral philosophy and criminal and 

civil law. 

244— Philosophy of Science (3) 

Survey of modern philosophical writing about science. 
304— American Philosophy (3) 

Survey of American thought. 
306— Advanced Logic (3) 

Prerequisite: Philosophy 151 or completion of six hours 
in mathematics. Theory of formal systems; applied 
criteria of consistency, completeness and decisional 
procedures, and other topics in symbolic logic. 

321— Greek Philosophy (3) 

Selected works of Plato and Aristotle. 



322— Medieval Philosophy (3) 

Survey of scholastic philosophy. 
343— Existentialism (3) 

Recent philosophical developments in the continental 
European tradition. 

344— History of Scientific Thought (3) 

Prerequisite: completion of the natural science and 
mathematics degree requirement. Key developments in 
the history of scientific thinking. 

Physical Education 
Physical Therapy Program 
Physics and Astronomy 

371— Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century 
Philosophy (3) (H) 

Survey of major thinkers from Descartes to Hume. 
372— Kant (3) (H) 

Selected major works of Immanuel Kant. 

373— Nineteenth and Twentieth Century 
Philosophy (3) (H) 

Critical consideration of major thinkers and movements 
from the late 19th century to the present. 

481— Readings in Philosophy (3) (H) 

Discussion of philosophical literature in a field previously 
selected by the Department of Philosophy after 
consultation with students. 

491, 492, 493— Independent Study (3-6) (H) 

Tutorial under the direction of a member of the staff. By 
permission of the department. 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in' 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 

Physical Education 

See Health. Physical Education and Recreation. 

Physical Therapy Program 

(Planned-Transfer Grouping) 

Professor Hoye, Program and Career Adviser 

transfer institution. However, all courses are 
equally applicable to a degree from Mary 
Washington if a student changes plans and 
moves into an appropriate major program at 
the College. 

Physics and Astronomy 

Professor Atalay. Chairman (Career Adviser); Professor 
Nikolic; Assistant Professor Pitts. 

The Department of Physics and Astronomy 
offers a curriculum characterized by diversity, 
completeness, and rigor. Of the twenty-four 
courses, the majority are theoretical in 
nature; however, well-equipped electronics 
and nuclear physics laboratories make it 
possible for upperclass students to engage in 
research. The Department's computer, a 
Nova-1220, functions with a number of 
separate languages and is available to 
students in any of the physics classes. The 
astronomy program is represented by an 
elementary astronomy course augmented by 
two reflector telescopes— 3 1 /2-inch and 7-inch 
Questars— and a seven-inch refractor which 
make astronomical observations possible. 
The Department has the capability to provide 
additional course work in astronomy when 
the need arises. 

Students interested in specialized training in 
physical therapy can complete two or three 
years at the College, taking liberal arts and 
sciences courses while meeting the 
prerequisites for pre-professional training at 
an approved school of physical therapy. 
Because the degree in physical therapy is 
awarded by the transfer institution, students 
in this program elect courses required by the 

The diversity of the curriculum allows 
students to pursue careers in industry, 
government, and teaching, or to undertake 
graduate work. While many options are open 
for high school physics teachers or for 
bachelor's level physicists, the market is 
considerably enhanced for double majors, 
especially in physics/chemistry and 

Physics and Astronomy 


101, 102— General Physics (4, 4) (N/M) 

Introductory course. Primarily for nonscience students. 
Stresses conceptual rather than mathematical aspects. 

201, 202— General Physics (4, 4) (N/M) 

Introductory course. Primarily for science students. 
Covers essentially the same as Physics 101, 102, 
except more mathematical rigor is employed. Laboratory. 

311— Atomic Physics (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: General Physics. Foundations of quantum 
mechanics, atoms with one electron, multielectron 
atoms, molecules, solid state physics, the special theory 
of relativity. 

312— Nuclear Physics (4) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: General Physics. Nuclear structure, static 
and dynamic properties, and fundamental particles. 
Laboratory includes experiments in alpha, beta and 
gamma-ray spectroscopy. 

321, 322— Classical Mechanics (3, 3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Physics 102 or 202 or equivalent, and 
Mathematics 221. Kinematics and dynamics of mass 
particle, conservation laws. Lagrange, Hamiltonian 
methods, Hamilton's equations of motion, the special 
theory of relativity. 

331, 332— Electricity and 

Magnetism (3, 3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 221 and General Physics. 
Foundations of electromagnetic theory. Emphasis on 
lectures and limited laboratory demonstrations. 

371— Thermodynamics (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 221 and General Physics. 
Temperature, thermodynamic states and variables, the 
laws of thermodynamics, entropy, thermodynamic 
potentials, change of phase. 

382— Electronics (3) (N M) 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 221 and General Physics. 
Introduction to the theory and operation of electronic 
instruments and basic circuits. Limited lectures with 
emphasis on laboratory work. 

391— Optics (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 221 and General Physics. 
Introduction to theory of physical optics. Includes 
lectures and laboratory based on observation and 
interpretation of basic optical effects. 

411, 412— Quantum Mechanics (3, 3) (N/M) 
Prerequisite: Physics 322. Schrodinger's equation, 
harmonic oscillator, matrix formulation of quantum 
mechanics, angular momentum, scattering theory, 
perturbation theory, relativistic quantum mechanics. 

451, 452— Methods of Theoretical 
Physics (3, 3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 221 and General Physics. 
Vectors, matrices, coordinates, functions of complex 
variable, differential equations, Fourier and Laplace 
transformation, vector spaces, variational methods, 
tensors, group theory. 

462— Nuclear Physics (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Physics 312. Corequisite: Physics 411, 

412. Mass, size and constitution of nuclei, nuclear 
models, two-body forces, scattering reactions, 
introduction to elementary particles. 

472— Statistical Mechanics (3) (N/M) 

Prerequisite: Physics 371. Ensembles, microcamonical, 
canonical and grandcononical distributions, Maxwell- 
Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac distributions. 

^82— Physics Seminar (1) 

Open to third and fourth year physics students 
for credit. 


491, 492— Independent Study (3, 3) (N/M) 

Open to senior physics majors only. 
500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 

501, 502— Honors in Physics (4, 4) 

Open to senior physics majors by permission of the 
Department. Course culminates in an undergraduate 

90 Physics and Astronomy 
Political Economy 
Political Science 
Pre-Foreign Service 
Pre-Law Program 
Pre-Medical Program 


201, 202— Elementary Astronomy (3, 3) 

Historical and descriptive survey of the physical 


Pre-Law Program 

(Pre-Professional Grouping) 

Associate Professor Crawley, 
Program and Career Adviser 

Political Economy 

See Economics and Political Science. 

Political Science 

See Economics and Political Science 

Pre-Foreign Service 

(Interdisciplinary Major) 

Assistant Professor Kramer, 
Program and Career Adviser 

Pre-Foreign Service, an interdepartmental 
major, gives the student an opportunity to 
develop a tirm undergraduate concentration 
in international culture and political aftairs. 
Sponsored primarily by the Department of 
Economics and Political Science, the Pre- 
Foreign Service major program combines 
history, philosophy, geography, literature, 
religion, and a modern foreign language with 
basic economics and political science 
courses. The student's major concentrations 
are arranged with the program adviser. 

Students in this program are most often 
interested in entering one of the agencies of 
the United States Government concerned 
with international affairs, a business firm with 
international offices, a domestic organization 
with a foreign department, or graduate school. 

The Pre-Law Program provides guidelines 
and advice for the student interested in 
entering law school upon graduation from 
Mary Washington. As there is no standard 
pre-law curriculum at the College, the 
program adviser assists students in selecting 
courses that build skills needed in the legal 
profession. These include courses that 
provide exposure to the general culture, 
improve skills of written and oral 
communication, and develop the reasoning 

Pre-Medical Program 

(Pre-Professional Grouping) 

Professor Mahoney, 
Program and Career Adviser 

Designed to assist students in obtaining 
sufficient background for entrance to schools 
of medicine or dentistry, the Pre-Medical 
Program is not a major but a grouping of 
courses to be taken as part of the regular 
degree program. In consultation with the 
program adviser, the student outlines his 
courses, usually beginning with general 
biology and chemistry in the freshman year. 
He then follows a regular degree program, 
majoring in any field but also selecting 
courses necessary for the particular medical 
or dental school and the required entrance 



Professor Weinstock, Chairman; Professor M. A. K. 
Kelly; Associate Professors Bresler, MacEwen, Rabson 
(Career Adviser), Smith; Assistant Professors Bill, 
Butzine, Moeller (Career Adviser) 

The principal objective of the Department of 
Psychology is to provide sound course 
coverage of a variety of content areas in the 
field of psychology (i.e., the study of 
behavior). This coverage includes both 
traditional areas and those that represent 
more recent trends and theoretical 
developments in the discipline. 

Departmental flexibility permits the student to 
tailor a major program on an individualized 
basis, and each major is assigned an adviser 
to help shape a program of studies which is 
individually satisfying to the student as well 
as educationally sound. 

Students majoring in psychology have a 
number of career options. Those who have 
combined appropriate education courses with 
the major become certified to teach at the 
primary or secondary school level. Others 
use the major as preparation for entry level 
jobs related to psychology, including 
positions as social workers, probation 
officers, drug-abuse workers, or technicians 
and assistants in a variety of mental health 
settings. Students interested in pursuing 
psychology as a long-range career find that 
the major provides an excellent background 
for graduate study. 

101, 102— General Psychology (3, 3) (S) 

Fundamental principles of human behavior; biological 
antecedents; motivation; perception; learning; individual 
differences; intelligence; and personality. 

261— Elementary Statistics (3) 

Prerequisite: General Psychology. Consideration of 
descriptive and inferential statistical topics, including 
centrality, variability, correlation, regression and 
significance tests. 

262— Intermediate Statistics (3) 

Prerequisite: General Psychology. In-depth coverage of 
data analysis techniques and inferential tests, such as 
analysis of variance. 

301— Social Psychology (3) 

Prerequisite: General Psychology. The interrelationships 
between the individual and his social environment. 
Social influences upon attitudes and behavior. Group 

307— Computer Applications In The 
Social Sciences (3) 

Prerequisite: General Psychology and Elementary 
Statistics or instructor's permission. Basic programming, 
statistical applications, computer, simulation and the 
general use of the computer as a research tool. 

310— Psychology of Exceptional 

Children (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: General Psychology. Deviations in physical, 
intellectual and emotional development. Relevant 
theories, issues and therapy programs. 

311— Abnormal Psychology (3) 

Prerequisite: General Psychology. Examination of the 
major varieties of pathological behavior, explanatory 
models and modes of treatment. 

315— Foundations of Clinical 
Psychology (3) 

Prerequisite: General Psychology. Theories and 
practices of the major schools of psychotherapy: 
psycho-analysis, client-centered, transactional analysis. 
Gestalt, behavior modification. 

325S— Educational Psychology (3) 

Prerequisite: General Psychology. Both application and 
theory of learning and educational technological 
principles as they apply to the classroom setting. 

92 Psychology 

331— Developmental Psychology: 

The Infant and Child (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: General Psychology. Development from 
conception through childhood. Developmental 
processes, theories, issues and relevant research. 

332— Developmental Psychology: 

The Adolescent and Adult (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: General Psychology. Theories of, and 
research on, personality, social, physical and intellectual 
characteristics from adolescence to death. Emphasis on 
adolescence and aging. 

342— Psychology of Personality (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: General Psychology. Personality structure, 
dynamics, development and methods of research. 

345— Psychology of Learning (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: General Psychology. Analysis of the 
theoretical issues and /or experimental bases of 
learning. Both human and infrahuman research will be 

348— Psychology of Motivation (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: General Psychology. Primary and learned 
sources of motivation and their effects on behavior. 
Theory and data will be considered. 

371— Experimental Psychology: Operant 
Conditioning (4) (S) 

Prerequisite: Psychology 261 or 262. Analysis of 
behavior utilizing the principles and procedures of 
operant conditioning. Laboratory work concentrated on 
the rat. 

372— Experimental Psychology: Sensation 

and Perception (4) (S) 

Prerequisite: Psychology 261 or 262. A laboratory 
approach to study of visual and auditory sensory and 
perceptual psychology, with emphasis on 
psychophysical methods. 

373— Experimental Psychology: Human 
Learning (4) (S) 

Prerequisite: Psychology 261 or 262. An examination of 
method, data and theory in human learning and 
memory research 

374— Experimental Psychology: 

Physiological Psychology (4) (S) 

Prerequisite: Psychology 261 or 262. Critical survey of 
physiological correlates of behavior emphasizing 
neurophysiological mechanisms in perception, 
motivation and learning plus methods of physiological 

380— Psychological Tests and 

Measurements (4) (S) 

Prerequisite: Psychology 261 or 262. Theory of test 
construction and the interpretation and uses of tests. 
Test administration and techniques of handling data. 

392— Behavior Genetics (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: One year of biology and one year of 
psychology. Principles of genetic transmission, gene 
action, population structure and evolutionary theory 
applied to problems in animal and human behavior. 

394— Psychopharmacology (3) 

Prerequisite: One year of biology or one year of 
chemistry. Introduction to principles of drug action in 
the body, drug effects on behavior and social 
psychology of drug use. 

421— History of Psychology (3) 

Survey of the historical antecedents of modern 

470, 471, 472, 473, 474— Selected Topics 
in Psychology (3 each) 

Enduring and /or contemporary issues in psychology. 



491— Individual Research (1-4) (S) 

Prerequisite: Permission of departmental staff member. 
Empirical investigation and /or library research. 
Maximum of eight credit hours allowable toward fulfilling 
the major field requirement. 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 



Professor Clark, Chairman (Career Adviser); Assistant 
Professors Cain, Jensen. 

The Department of Religion seeks to respect 
the uniqueness ot religious phenomena, 
while recognizing their intimate relationships 
with aesthetic, philosophical, ethical, 
psychological, historical, and social issues. 
The purpose of the Department is to acquaint 
the student with ways of studying religion, 
the kinds of questions to be asked, and the 
kinds of answers which learning can and 
cannot yield. The goal of the major is to 
enable the student to move with discipline 
among varieties of religious phenomena, to 
trace implications of specific views, to 
appraise, to discriminate, and to correlate 

Areas of special interest include women and 
western religious traditions, religion and 
literature, and types of religious experience, 
such as mysticism, meditation, myth, and 
ritual. The small size of the Department 
permits personal attention, encouragement of 
individual interests, and a high degree of 
flexibility. A Guided Research course, taken 
by all senior majors, requires a senior paper. 

The B.A. degree in religion equips the 
student for graduate school or seminary 
study in religion, as well as graduate 
programs in other fields, which increasingly 
welcome undergraduate religion majors. 
Career opportunities are not limited to those 
opened by further study. A religion major is 
a humanities student of broad cultural 
awareness trained to think, write, and 

express himself cogently, to enter into 
dialogue discerningly with diverse ideas and 
perspectives, and to face fundamental 
human issues sensitively. Such training is 
requisite to any career and is ultimately 
practical in life itself. 

105— Introduction to Religion (3) 


Introduction to some basic religious traditions, including 
myths, rituals, types of religious communities and 

111 —Introduction to Christian 

History (3) (H) 

Selected topics in the development ot Christianity and 
its institutions from the birth of the church to the 

1 17— Introduction to Christian 

Theology (3) (H) 

The "how" as well as the "what" of theology is 
explored in relation to basic doctrines and concepts. 

201— Judaism (3) (H) 

Historical and religious development of Judaism from 
Biblical times to the present. 

202— The Roman Catholic Tradition (3) (H) 

Historical and theological development of western 
Catholic Christianity through the Second Vatican 

203— The Protestant Tradition (3) 

Historical and theological development of Protestant 
denominations and sects from the Reformation to the 

205— The Hebrew Bible (3) 

The history, literature and religion of ancient Israel. 
206— The New Testament (3) 

Historical-critical methods of study are introduced and 
applied in investigating New Testament sources, forms 
and theological motifs. 

94 Religion 
Russian Studies 

217— Primitive Religions (3) (H) 

Religions of non-literate peoples. Emphasis is on 
interpretation of myths, rituals and shamanism. 

220— Studies in Suffering and Evil (3) (H) 

A theological and literary examination of theodicy: "If 
God is good, whence evil?" Emphasis on humor and 

231— Special Studies in Religion (3) (H) 

Among topics taught at different times: Women and 
Western Religious Tradition; Mysticism East and West; 
Christian Ethics Today. 

271— Studies in Faith and Literature (3) (H) 

Study of relationships between Christian faith and 
literary art in the context of contemporary novels and 

281— The Religions of India (3) (H) 

Study of historical development and basic traditions of 
South Asian religions, especially Hinduism and Buddhism. 

282— The Religions of China and 

Japan (3) (H) 

Study of historical development and basic traditions of 
East Asian religions, especially Buddhism, Confucianism, 
Taoism, Shintoism. 

306— Early Christian Thought (3) (H) 

Theology of the early church with emphasis on the 
development of Trinitarian and Christological thought. 

313— European Theology (3) (H) 

Prerequisite: either Religion 111, 117, 202, or 203. 
Persons and problems of twentieth century theology 
from Barth to Moltmann, from liberal to liberation 

314— American Theology (3) (H) 

Prerequisite: either Religion 111, 117, 202, or 203. 
Death of God, Secular, Black, Process and Play 
theologies are investigated; emphasis on present 
theological problems and possibilities. 

331— Special Studies in Religion (3) (H) 

Among topics taught at different times: Yoga, 19th 
Century Theology, Protestant Reformation. 

341— Major Religious Thinkers (3) (H) 

Among thinkers studied in depth at different times: 
Augustine; Soren Kierkegaard; Elie Wiesel. 

401— Guided Research (3) (H) 

Preparation of a senior paper under the direction of the 
Department. Required of all senior majors. 

491, 492, 493, 494— Independent 

Study (3 each) (H) 

Individual work under the guidance of a member of the 
Department. By permission of the Department. 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 


See Modern Foreign Languages. 

Russian Studies 

(Interdisciplinary Major) 

Professor Bozicevic, 
Program and Career Adviser. 

With the continuing growth of the U.S.S.R. 
as a major world power, knowledgeable 
insight into that country's culture and 
dynamics is ot great importance to the 
understanding of present and future 
international developments, A program to 
promote that understanding has been 
developed at Mary Washington and is offered 
as an interdisciplinary major. A 
comprehensive program, Russian Studies 
includes concentration in Russian language 
and literature as well as the study of 
pertinent courses in economics, geography, 
music, history, political science, and 
sociology, among others. 

Russian Studies 
Social Work 

Extracurricular offerings in the program 
include movies, lectures, theatrical 
performances, folk singing and dancing, 
symposiums, and readings, in addition to 
sponsored visits to museum exhibits and the 
Soviet Embassy in Washington, DC. 

While the Russian Studies major does not 
emerge as a certified expert on Soviet 
Russia, students can pursue careers in 
various branches of the federal government, 
international organizations or agencies, 
teaching, research, and, increasingly, 

Social Work 

(Career-Focus Grouping) 

Instructor Hale, Program Director; Assistant Professor 
Berry, Field Placement Coordinator (Career Adviser); 
Instructor Perez. 

The social work program, open to qualified 
students from any department, is designed to 
prepare participants for the first level of 
professional practice in human services, 
such as rehabilitation, mental health, or 
welfare work. 

Taken in addition to the student's declared 
major, this program strives to train the 
student in using an integrated combination of 
knowledge, values, and skill in service to 
various client and community-related 
programs. One special offering, Field 
Placement, gives the student the chance to 
work in his area of interest while still enrolled 
at the College. 

200— Introduction to Social Work (3) 

Broad survey and analysis of issues in human services. 
Students spend 20 hours in observation in a human 
services agency. 

300— Social Welfare— Economic Security (3) 

Prerequisite: SWORK 200 or permission of the 
instructor. Contemporary economic security programs, 
their adequacies and inadequacies; the historic roots: 
inequities; value dilemmas and proposals for reform. 

301— Social Welfare— Social Services (3) 

Prerequisite: SWORK 200 or permission of the 
instructor. Contemporary social service programs, their 
purposes and significant policy issues such as universal 
vs. selective; effectiveness and consumption vs. 

350— Methods of Social Intervention I (3) 

Prerequisite: SWORK 200 or permission of the 
instructor. Development of skills in a framework of 
theoretical models of intervention. Communication will 
be stressed. 

351— Methods of Social Intervention II (3) 

Prerequisite: SWORK 350 or permission of the 
instructor. Continued exploration of service methodology 
including direct and indirect service techniques. 

400— Field Placement (6) 

Prerequisite: SWORK 350 or permission of the 
instructor. Students spend 312 hours in a human 
service agency— giving direct service by delivery. The 
312 clock hours may be accumulated over one or two 
semesters. PASS FAIL. 

410— Senior Integrative Seminar (3) 

Prerequisite: SWORK 350, 351 or permission of the 
instructor. The course is intended to be the mechanism 
which integrates the material drawn from social 
sciences and the SWORK curriculum. 

490, 491 -Special Problems (3, 3) 

A special problem area in Social Work. This may be 
developed as independent study for qualified students. 

96 Sociology and Anthropology 

Sociology and Anthropology 

Professor Carter, Chairman; Professors Allen, Sletten; 
Assistant Professors Ely, LaManna (Career Adviser for 
Sociology), Williamson (Career Adviser for 

The major program in sociology offers a 
strong grounding in the development of 
sociological theory and methods of 
sociological research. In addition, specific 
courses focus upon major aspects of social 
structure and social institutions. Some 
courses give the opportunity for intensive 
guided reading and discussion in many 
aspects of society. Individual study offers the 
possibility of the student working with 
professional guidance in an area of special 

As a body of reliable knowledge and a 
method of scientific investigation, sociology 
provides the student with insights into the 
nature of culture and social structure, the 
matrices within which human personality is 
formed and nurtured. The intrinsic value of 
sociology may be described in terms of its 
development of the individual and in the 
realization of the nature and range of human 
values, beliefs, and patterns of action, as 
well as the realistic view it provides of the 
subtle ways group structure and process are 
related to individual thought and action. Its 
utilitarian value may be described in terms of 
the skills acquired for analysis of social 
groups, skills highly valued by administrators 
and executives in various businesses and 

The study of sociology prepares students for 
careers in many contemporary organizations. 

The knowledge and the mode of thinking 
acquired are a great aid in developing and 
interpreting the knowledge and experience 
required for a successful career. Graduates 
are working successfully as governmental 
administrators, in education and teaching, as 
executives in Scouting, Red Cross and 
similar organizations. Those with advanced 
degrees are also working as research 
associates in public and private research. 
Other majors have entered fields such as 
social case work, medical social work, 
psychiatric social work as well as probation 
and parole. 

Courses in anthropology offered within the 
Department are designed to acquaint 
students with the varieties of human culture 
and society, and with the different ways in 
which the study of man can be approached: 
physical, archaeological, socio-cultural, and 
linguistic, with emphasis on the socio- 
cultural. Credits earned in anthropology can 
be applied as credits related to the sociology 

A specialized career opportunity in Social 
Work is also offered and may be taken in 
conjunction with a sociology major. This 
program is listed previously in this catalogue. 


-Principles of Sociology (3) 

Basic characteristics of group life; status, role, social 
structure, culture and interaction between persons and 


202— Social Problems (3) 

Social change, deviants, social and personal 
disorganization; mobility; delinquency, crime; political, 
industrial and other group conflicts. 


Sociology and Anthropology 

303— Culture, Social Structure and 
Personality (3) (S) 

Impact of culture and social structure upon individuals, 
and of socio-cultural norms and values upon personal 
attitudes and behavior. 

304— Social Stratification (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: Sociology 201. Analysis of inequality in 
society. Nature and effects of stratification in modern 

305— Sociology of Industry and 

Organizations (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: Sociology 201. Nature and organization of 
work; structure and dynamics of complex organizations. 

311— Introduction to Population (3) (S) 

Basic principles of social and formal demography. 
Relationship of social, economic and psychological 
factors on demographic processes. 

312— Comparative Community Studies (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: Sociology 201. Cross-cultural study of the 
impact of modernization, urbanization and political 
centralization on communities. (Offered in alternate 

313— Urban Sociology (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: Sociology 363 recommended. Common 
problems of city living; ecological factors in growth of 
cities and their influence upon social behavior. First 

314— Population Trends: Special Topics 

in Population (3) (S) 

Intensive treatment of selected special topics in 
population. Second semester. (Offered in alternate 

331 -The Family (3) (S) 

Historical, social-psychological and cultural study of sex 
roles, mate selection, courtship, marriage and family 

334— Medical Sociology (3) (S) 

How disease and health relate to social structure and 
culture; correlates of diseases. Organization and role 
analysis of health professions. 

341— American Society (3) 

Overview of contemporary society; modifications of the 
liberal progressive ideology and organization; changing 
male and female roles; growth of bureaucracy; work 
and leisure. 

342— Occupations and Social 
Structure (3) 

Treatment of major occupational groups; special 
emphasis upon professions and executive roles, 
including relationships with other aspects of society. 

351— Juvenile Delinquency (3) 

Prerequisite: Sociology 201, 202. Sociological analysis 
of the nature, extent, causes, impact and treatment of 
juvenile delinquency. (Offered in alternate years) 

352— Criminology (3) 

Crime, its nature, types, extent and historic trends; 
causal theories, mythical and scientific; programs of 
crime control, treatment and prevention. 

353— Social Movements (3) 

Prerequisite: Sociology 201. Analysis of the causes, 
organization, and consequences of social movements. 

362— Methods of Social Research (3) 

Study design, observation, interviewing, questionnaire 
construction and administration, survey research and 
analysis, and other topics. 

363— Sociological Research: 
Data Analysis (3) 

Prerequisites: Sociology 201, Sociology 362, and 
Statistics 200. Analysis of data from sample surveys, 
census materials. Use of secondary data to prepare 
research reports. 



402 — Sociology of Human Development (3) 

Micro-social structures and processes; socialization, 
chief agents, impact of social interaction with siblings, 
peers and parents; age-grading, other vertical gradients. 

421— Human Relations (3) 

American racial and ethnic groups; focus on Indian 
and Negro; concepts of prejudice, discrimination, 
segregation; inter-group conflict, accommodation; 
cooperation. Second semester. 

Sociology and Anthropology 



422— Sociology of Religion (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: Sociology 201 or instructor approval- 
Social factors in development and function of religious 
institutions; focus on Judeo-Christian tradition. (Offered 
in 1977-78) 

442— Social Change (3) (S) 

Prerequisite: six hours of sociology. Theories of social 
change and evolution; analysis of historical changes. 

471— History of Social Theory (3) (S) 

Presentation and analysis of major forms and themes of 
social and early sociological theory from Greece to the 
twentieth century. 

472— Contemporary Sociological 

Theories (3) (S) 

Major sociological theorists of the twentieth century. 

488— General Readings (3) 


Usually one set of readings on some major concepts or 
points of view in contemporary sociology with an 
emphasis upon discussion. 

489— Special Readings (3) (S) 

One or several sets of readings and discussions from a 
sociological point of view. Student interest is important 
in selection of the topics. 

491, 492, 493, 494— Individual Study 

and Research (3) (S) 

Available to qualified students. Reading and research; 
project or paper with guidance of a faculty member. 

201— Ethnography of North American 

Indians (3) (S) 

Various North American Indian societies from the 
different cultural areas, both ancient and modern; 
problems of Indians in North America today. First 

202— Ethnography of New Guinea 

Peoples (3) (S) 

Different New Guinea societies from a number of points 
of view (economic, political, structural); theories 
concerned with their analysis. Second semester. 

301 —History of Culture Theory (3) (S) 

Examination of theories of the analysis of culture from 
the beginnings of anthropological thought until the 
present. First semester. 

312— Women in Anthropology (3) (S) 

Study of women both as anthropologists and as objects 
of anthropological investigation, in a number of different 
social contexts. Offered second semester. 

491, 492— Independent Study (3, 3) (S) 

Individual work under the guidance of the course 
advisor. By permission of the advisor. Three credits 
each semester. 


See Modern Foreign Languages. 


101— Introduction to Cultural and Social 
Anthropology (3) (S) 

How primitive peoples organize their own worlds. 
Examination of various basic concepts and a number of 
different societies. Offered each semester. 

102— Introduction to Physical 

Anthropology and Archaeology (3) (S) 

Physical sub-disciplines; paleontology, primatology, 
evolution, genetics, human varieties. Archaeology: 
objectives, techniques, participation in local field work. 
Offered each semester. 


Associate Professor Duke. Chairman (Career Adviser). 

The objectives of the Department are three- 
fold: to enhance student skills in oral 
communication through theory and practice 
in reading and speaking; to increase student 
understanding of the structure of spoken 
language; and to provide students with a 
basic knowledge of the anatomy and 
physiology underlying the speech mechanism. 


A major program in speech pathology and 
audiology is offered in cooperation with the 
University of Virginia. Students complete 
three years at Mary Washington College, 
spend the senior year in residence at the 
University of Virginia, and receive their 
Bachelor's Degrees from Mary Washington 
College. Full details on this program are 
available from the program adviser. 

In addition to the specific pre-professional 
education afforded by the cooperative 
program, the department provides students 
with the opportunity to increase their 
personal effectiveness in oral communication, 
an integral component of most vocations on 
the professional and supervisory level. 

362— Phonetics (3) 

American dialects and standards of speech employing 
the International Phonetic Alphabet. (Offered in alternate 
years; offered in 1976-77.) 

481, 482— Individual Study (3, 3) 


Individual study under the direction of a member of the 
staff. By permission of the Department. 

500— Internship 

Supervised off-campus experience, developed in 
consultation with the Department. Credits variable. 


See Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science. 

261— Voice and Diction (3) 

Theory and practice of principles necessary to speech 
improvement. Individual analysis is offered to improve 
the student's voice, articulation and pronunciation. 

301— Group Discussion (3) (H) 

Philosophy and practice of group discussion as a 
means of problem-solving and the exercise of group 
leadership. (Offered in alternate years; offered in 

302— Public Speaking (3) (H) 

A study of the art of public speaking: the composition, 
organization and delivery of speeches of various types. 
(Offered in alternate years; offered in 1977-78.) 

331, 332— Oral Interpretation (3, 3) (H) 

Interpretation of prose, poetry and dramatic literature in 
terms of its intellectual, emotional and aesthetic content. 
Only in sequence. 

361— Voice Science (3) 

Anatomical, physiological and neurological functioning 
of the speech and hearing mechanisms. (Offered in 
alternate years; offered in 1976-77.) 



J '•■* 


Honor System 

This section provides information on 
academic procedures and regulations. 
Non-academic procedures, such as 
residential regulations, are descriPed in the 
Student Handbook, issued by the Office of 
the Dean of Student Services. 

The catalog lists degree reguirements and 
academic regulations and policies in effect at 
the time of printing. These reguirements, 
policies, and regulations change from time to 
time, and these changes are announced 
through the mail or in the College Bulletin. 
Once a change is announced, if it affects a 
student's program, it is his responsibility to 
adjust his program accordingly or to seek 
written confirmation from the Dean for any 
variation. The Office of the Dean welcomes 
guestions and reguests for interpretation and 
applicability of academic regulations and 

Honor System 

Since 1944, the students of Mary 
Washington College have lived under the 
Honor System. Although its constitution is 
freguently revised, the Honor Code has 
remained basically the same throughout the 
years. The Honor Council retains sole 
control of its operation and is responsiPle to 
the student body, which derives its authority 
to establish an Honor System from the Board 
of Visitors. Because of the unigue nature of 
the Honor System, final responsibility lies 
with the Board of Visitors, but all 
enforcement is in the hands of students. 

The Honor System provides that a student 
shall act honorably in all relationships of 
campus life. Lying, cheating, stealing or 
Preaking one's word of honor are considered 
infringements of the system, and the penalty 
for a violation, as determined by the Honor 
Council, may be dismissal from the College. 
The pledge reguired on guizzes, 
examinations and other classwork means 
that the work a student submits to a 
professor is his own and has been 
completed in accordance with the 
reguirements for the course as laid down by 
the professor. 

Each student must understand that, by 
accepting admission to Mary Washington, he 
makes a commitment to the provisions of the 
Honor Code. Upon entering the College for 
the first time, every student is given a copy 
of the complete Honor Code and is expected 
to Pecome familiar with its provisions. (See 
the Student Handbook for a copy of the 
Honor Constitution.) Orientation counselors 
work to interpret the Honor System to every 
new student Pefore he is asked to sign a 
pledge card stating that he understands what 
is expected and realizes that a plea of 
ignorance will not be accepted by the Honor 
Council. Registration as a student at the 
College is not considered complete until this 
card has been signed. 

102 Calendar 

Residence Requirements 
Transfer Credit 


Mary Washington College uses a calendar of 
two semesters and a summer session. The 
fall semester begins in August and ends in 
mid-December; the spring semester begins in 
January and ends in May. As an integral part 
of the school year, the summer session 
permits the accomplishment of a full 
semester's work. 

Residence Requirements 

A student must earn at least thirty academic 
credits at Mary Washington; these thirty must 
include three-fourths of the major program, 
unless more are required by the major 
department and the Dean. 

Unless the Dean has approved an exception, 
a student must spend the last session 
(regular semester or summer session) of his 
degree program on campus. This rule does 
not apply to students in the two cooperative 
programs (speech pathology and audiology, 
and medical technology) in which the entire 
senior year is spent at the cooperating 

Transfer Credit 

As a rule, transfer credit is given for courses 
of the same type (liberal arts courses), on 
the same level and under the same 
guidelines as equivalent Mary Washington 
College courses. Courses for which transfer 
credit is requested must not overlap those 
which the student takes at the College, and 
a grade of at least C must be earned. 

As soon as a transcript is received and 
evaluated, an entering transfer student will 
be notified of the transfer credit which can 
be counted toward a Mary Washington 
College degree. 

A student enrolled at Mary Washington 
College who wishes to earn transfer credit at 
another college should bring a catalog 
description of the courses to the Office of 
the Dean, the Assistant Dean for Instruction, 
or the Assistant Dean for Academic Advising 
before registering for the course. If the 
course is approved, a record of the approval 
will be sent to the Registrar. When the 
transcript arrives from the other institution, 
the Registrar will record the approved credits 
if the student has earned a C or better. 

Although grades earned in transfer work do 
not affect the student's quality point average, 
they are recorded on the permanent record. 

Junior Year Abroad. The procedure for 
earning credits at colleges and universities 
abroad is basically the same as earning 
credits at institutions in the United States, 
except that more advance planning is often 

An interested student should investigate the 
wide range of possible programs carefully, 
with the help of the departmental faculty and 
the Dean. Most students who have spent a 
junior year abroad have studied under a 
program sponsored by an American college 
or university; a few have entered a foreign 
university directly. All courses must be 
approved in advance, to allow for transfer 
credit; the student's faculty adviser, the 

Transfer Credit 
Credits Other Than By Course Work 

Dean, and often the department chairman 
work with the student to develop the most 
valuable program tor the year or semester. 

Mary Washington College is a member of the 
Cooperative International Program for 
Teacher Education (CIPTE), administered by 
the Council on International Educational 
Exchange, that sponsors four study 
programs abroad. 

Credits Other Than by Course 

Credits by Examination. A student may 
make written application to a department 
chairman for examination in an appropriate 
course (not an independent study, seminar, 
or individual performance course) for which 
he has neither been enrolled nor in 
attendance. If he passes the examination 
prepared by the department, he will receive 
the allotted number of credits with a grade of 
R, which does not affect his guality point 
average. If he fails, he receives a grade of 
Incomplete, which becomes an F unless he 
attends and passes the course in the next 
session in which it is given, or unless he 
takes and passes an equivalent examination 
by the end of the next session. If a student 
elects to take the course, he may enroll 
either on a graded or pass/fail basis. 

Credit hours earned by a challenge 
examination will be regarded as part of the 
student's academic load; if he is part-time 
student, he will pay the regular charges per 
credit hour. 

Advanced Placement. Students entering 
from high school may apply for college 
credit through the examinations given by the 
Advanced Placement Program of the College 

Entrance Examination Board. These 
examinations are offered in the third week of 
May, in American history, biology, chemistry, 
English, French, European history, German. 
Latin, mathematics, physics, and Spanish. 

Interested students should have the results of 
the examination forwarded to the College. 
The College can give advanced placement 
and credit, advanced placement alone, or 
neither placement nor credit. Normally, credit 
is given on a score of three or higher. 

College-Level Examination Program. The 

College participates in the College-Level 
Examination Program, also administered by 
the College Entrance Examination Board. 
The College does not give credit for the 
General Examination, but does give credit for 
lower-level courses on the basis of the 
subject examinations. This program is 
designed for the mature student with 
knowledge gained other than through 
academic work. More information, including 
the specific credits assigned, is available 
from the Office of the Dean. 

Although quality points are not given for 
credits earned by examination, Advanced 
Placement, or the College-Level Examination 
Program, these are not regarded as pass fail 
courses, and the credits can be used for 
basic requirements. 

104 Credits Other Than By Course Work 
Course Load 

Physical Education Credit for Military 
Service. Students who have been in military 
service can receive up to two credits in 
physical education, with one credit given tor 
one year in the service. 

Course Load 

It a student intends to graduate in eight 
semesters, normal progress toward a degree 
is as follows: a minimum of twenty-eight 
credit hours passed for the first two 
semesters and fifteen to eighteen credit 
hours passed during each of the remaining 
six semesters, for a total of 122 credit hours. 

Under this definition of normal progress, 
students are classified as follows: freshmen, 
fewer than twenty-eight credits; sophomores, 
twenty-eight to fifty-seven credits; juniors, 
fifty-eight to eighty-nine credits; seniors, 
ninety credits or more. 

If a student wishes to accelerate his progress 
and graduate in fewer than eight semesters, 
he will consistently take seventeen or 
eighteen credits each semester, and attend 
summer sessions. In this way, a student can 
graduate in three calendar years. 

A student may take no more than eighteen 
credits (first semester freshmen, no more 
than seventeen) without special permission. 
Permission for an overload is given only on 
the basis of academic performance, never 
simply to provide for acceleration toward the 

A student may drop below a normal course 
load without permission, except that a 
residential student may not live in the 
residence hall while carrying less than twelve 
credits unless he has permission from the 
Dean of Student Services. Students on 
financial aid should consult with the Dean of 
Admissions and Financial Aid before 
dropping below normal progress. 


In the educational philosophy of the College, 
classroom work is an essential part of 
educational development. Therefore, the 
College expects regular class attendance, 
although it does not impose any set rules. 
An instructor may reguire a student whose 
absences are excessive to withdraw from his 
course. No less than twenty-five percent of 
the total number of class meetings may be 
considered excessive. The instructor must 
announce in the first week of the semester 
whether he will enforce the excessive 
absence rule. 

Each student is responsible and accountable 
for all tests, assignments, material covered, 
and announcements made in class whether 
he is present or not. 

A student who is ill and under the care of a 
doctor or the infirmary should ask for a 
memo of confirmation from the doctor or 
infirmary. A student unavoidably absent for a 
week or more due to hospitalization, serious 
illness, or a sudden emergency should 


phone the Office of the Dean as soon as the 
extent of the situation is known. If 
appropriate, the Office of the Dean 
announces the situation to the student's 
professors, but this in no way relieves the 
student of responsibility for course work. 

A student faced with unavoidable extended 
absence should consult not only with his 
professors but also with the Dean or 
Academic Advisers to discuss the 
advantages of withdrawing for the semester. 

Students are responsible for attendance at all 
final examinations, and should report any 
illness or emergency immediately to the 
Office of the Dean, before the examination. 

Leaving campus early for weekends or 
holidays is never a valid reason for missing 
classes or shifting examinations. Students 
whose class attendance is unnecessarily 
irregular may be requested to withdraw from 
the College. 


Class performance is rated as follows: 

A unusual excellence 

B work distinctly above average 

C work of average or medium quality 

D the lowest passing mark, work of below 

average quality 
Inc. illness or emergency in final portion of 
a semester has prevented the student 
from finishing the course (see procedures 
for making up the incomplete grade, below) 

F failure, no credit in the course 

P pass, in a pass/fail course 

R pass, in a credit-by-examination course 

S satisfactory, in a physical education 

U unsatisfactory, in a physical education 

course, no credit for the course. 

Quality Point Average. Each grade A 
through D carries a stated number of quality 
points, which are multiplied by the number of 
credit hours for the total quality points for 
the course. A carries four; B carries three; C 
carries two, and D carries one. A three-hour 
course with a grade of A thus provides 
twelve quality points; if the course carries 
four hours credit and the grade is A, it 
provides sixteen quality points. 

The quality point average is found by 
dividing the total under "hours carried" 
(which does not include hours taken 
pass/fail, credit-by-examination, or transfer 
or physical education hours) into the total 
quality points. 

P and F: Pass/ Fail Option. With the 

approval of an adviser, a student may take 
one course each semester or complete 
summer session on a pass/fail basis. These 
courses can be used for elective credit, but 
not for basic or major requirements. A 
student may take a pass fail and a 
satisfactory /unsatisfactory (S U) course in 
the same semester. 

The decision to take a course pass fail must 
be made within the first two weeks of the 

36 Grading 

semester. Most often, the student decides at 
registration. Otherwise, he goes to the Office 
of Academic Advising to change a course 
from graded to pass fail, or from pass fail to 

Before electing to use the pass fail option, a 
student should consider its effect on his 
opportunity to earn academic awards and 
distinctions. These are calculated on the 
basis of a specified minimum number of 
graded credit hours. 

Incomplete. The grade of Incomplete is 
given only when the work of a course is not 
completed for reasons of illness or serious 
emergency in the final portion of a semester. 
Documentation for the illness or emergency 
should be included among the instructor's 
records and should be on file in the Office of 
the Dean. 

The student, of course, should make up the 
Incomplete as soon as the emergency is 
over. At the instructor's request the Office of 
the Dean will receive papers and administer 
examinations, so that the work can be 
completed as soon as possible after the 
regular term. 

If the course is such that it cannot be 
completed until the opening of the next 
regular term (for instance, if the work 
requires laboratory facilities or library 
materials available only on campus), the 
student may use the first days of the new 
term for completion. However, the deadline is 
three weeks after the beginning of the next 
semester of a regular session. The work 
must be delivered to the instructor in person. 

and the student must notify the Office of the 
Registrar in writing that he has done so. If 
these conditions are not met. the grade will 
be changed to an "F." 

Within two weeks after receiving the work 
the instructor should file a Removal of 
Incomplete with the Registrar and assign a 
permanent grade for the student's 
performance in the course. 

Repeating a Course. A student may, with 
permission, repeat a course in which he 
received a D or an F. He will not be charged 
with additional hours carried, but will receive 
any additional quality points. For example: If 
a student passes a course he has failed at 
the College, his record will be credited with 
hours passed and all the quality points 
earned. He will not be charged for hours 
carried. Therefore, his quality point average 
will be improved by the full number of 
quality points, as if he had not failed it 

Before repeating a course, a student should 
consult with the Office of Academic Advising 
and his faculty adviser. A permission form is 
signed and filed with the student's 
registration record at registration so that 
additional hours are not charged. 

Only courses repeated at Mary Washington 
College serve to improve the student's 
quality point average. If a student repeats 
and passes a course at another institution 
which he failed at the College, he will 
receive transfer credit for the hours earned. 
The Mary Washington College record will still 
include the hours from the failed course. 

Changing, Dropping, and Adding Courses 107 
Probation and Suspension 

Changing, Dropping, and 
Adding Courses 

Courses can be added in the first week of 
class; changed from graded to pass/fail or 
from pass/fail to graded in the first two 
weeks of class; dropped without penalty or 
consultation with the instructors during the 
first four weeks of class; and dropped 
passing (if this is the case) until the last 
three weeks of the semester. The exact 
deadlines for each period are published by 
the Registrar each semester. The deadlines 
for summer school are shorter than those for 
the regular semester, and are published by 
the Registrar at the beginning of each 
summer session. 

To add or drop a course, a student who has 
not declared a major should go to the Office 
of Academic Advising. A student with a 
declared major will need the signature of his 
faculty adviser. 

To change from pass/fail to graded or 
graded to pass/fail, a student must go to the 
Office of Academic Advising. 

To drop a course after the first four weeks of 
classes, a student must go to the Office of 
Academic Advising for two forms: a 
drop/add form and a slip for the instructor 
of the course. The instructor signs that the 
student is passing or failing. If the request is 
made immediately before a scheduled 
examination, the student must take the 
examination. If passing, the student drops 
without penalty. If failing, the student drops 
with an F. In the last three weeks of class all 
students drop with an F. 

No credit is allowed for a course in which 
the student is not officially registered and 
which is not listed on the class schedule 
filed with the Registrar. A student should 
check his schedule, issued at the beginning 
of the term and after the first drop period, 
and consult the Registrar's Office about any 

Probation and Suspension 

Probation means a state of warning that a 
student does not have, for all recorded work, 
a C average on graded courses. After every 
grading period all students, except 
first-semester freshmen, are sent probation 
notices (or suspension notices, when 
applicable) if their overall grade-point 
average has fallen below 2.00. 

A student placed on probation should 
consult his faculty adviser and the Office of 
Academic Advising. 

Suspension means the period of time during 
which a student is not considered for 
readmission. A student eligible for probation 
for the fourth time will be suspended for at 
least two successive semesters, a full 
summer session counting as a semester. If a 
student desires to be readmitted after this 
period of time, a schedule of return to good 
standing must be agreed upon in writing 
between the Dean and the student. 

Decisions on academic standing are made 
upon semester hours credit and quality 
points of record after each grading period in 
the regular session and in the summer 

Probation and Suspension 
Withdrawal from the College 
Recognition of Academic Achievement 

session. To be a candidate for a degree a 
student must be in good academic standing. 

Withdrawal from the College 

A student who wishes to withdraw from the 
College during the semester must notify the 
Registrar in person and, if a minor, must 
have advance consent of a parent or 
guardian. The College reguests that the 
student also meet with the Assistant Dean for 
Academic Advising. At that time, if the 
student has plans to return, he can be 
placed on leave of absence. 

Recognition of Academic 

The Dean's List. A student carrying at least 
twelve hours of new work on which guality 
points may be computed at the close of a 
grading period and who attains a grade-point 
average of 3.5 or better on all work taken for 
graded credit for any semester is placed on 
the Dean's List of Honor Students. Decisions 
on the Dean's List are based on a student's 
record as it stands at the official close of the 
semester grading period. Thus, Incompletes 
prevent consideration for the Dean's List. 
Only quality points earned in courses taken 
for the first time may be counted for 
academic honors. 

must have completed at least fifty-eight credit 
hours, of which at least forty-four must be 
work on which quality points may be 

Final Honors. A student who, as a junior 
and senior, attains a 3.75 average is 
awarded Final Honors at the graduating 
exercises held at the end of the session. To 
be eligible for Final Honors, a student must 
have completed at least fifty-eight credit 
hours during the last four semesters. At least 
forty-four hours must be work on which 
quality points may be computed. 

Academic Distinction. General academic 
attainment of graduating seniors will be 
recognized through the awards of 
Distinction, High Distinction and Highest 
Distinction, based solely on the student's 
academic average at Mary Washington 
College. The level of attainment for each 
award is as follows: Distinction: 3.25; High 
Distinction: 3.5; Highest Distinction: 3.75. A 
student may receive both departmental 
honors and one of the distinction awards. 

To be graduated with Distinction, High 
Distinction or Highest Distinction, a student 
must have earned at least ninety-four hours 
on which quality points may be computed. 


Intermediate Honors. A student at Mary 
Washington College who, as a freshman and 
sophomore, has achieved a 3.75 grade-point 
average is awarded Intermediate Honors. To 
be eligible for Intermediate Honors, a student 

Colgate W. Darden Jr. Award. This award 
was established in 1960 to honor Colgate W. 
Darden Jr., who was President of the 
University of Virginia from 1947 to 1959. It 
consists of a medal, designed by Gaetano 

Cecere, formerly of the Department of Art, 
and a cash sum. It is presented to the senior 
having the highest academic average. 

To be eligible for the Darden Award a 
student must have earned at least ninety-four 
hours on which quality points may be 

Mary Washington College Alumni 
Award. An award is presented annually by 

the Alumni Association at the Senior 
Convocation to that member of the 
graduating class who, during his years at 
Mary Washington, has distinguished himself 
by academic achievement and outstanding 
service to the College. 

Alpha Phi Sigma Award. The Alpha Phi 
Sigma honorary scholarship fraternity makes 
an annual award to the junior who achieved 
the highest academic average during the 
freshman and sophomore years. 

Grellet C. Simpson Award. The Grellet C. 
Simpson Award, made possible by an 
anonymous donor, is presented each year 
at graduation to a faculty member in 
recognition of excellence in undergraduate 


n in 


The Corporation 

The Corporation 

"The Rector and Visitors of Mary Washington College' 

The Officers of the Visitors 


The Visitors of the College 

IRENE LUNDY BROWN (39), Poguoson 
LEAH FLEET WALLER (44), Richmond 


Office of the President 


ANNE A. MOYSE, Secretary to the President 

Office of the Vice President 

A. RAY MERCHENT, B.A., M.ED., ED.D., Vice President 

and Director of Institutional Studies 
LUCRETIA H. OESTERHELD, Secretary to the Vice 

MERVIN A. FRANTZ, B.S., Director of Personnel 
SHIRLEY D. BARNES, Secretary to the Director 
BARBARA B. POWELL, B.A., Director of Information 

EDWARD G. MOORE, B.A., Information Officer 
A. ISABEL GORDON, Director of Career and Placement 

RUTH W. BREWER, Secretary to the Director 
MEDFORD D. HAYNES, Chief of Campus Police 
PHYLLIS H. FIELD, Secretary to the Chief 
JOSEPH C. MACKNIGHT, B.S., M.D., College Physician 

Office of the Dean of the College 

JAMES H. CROUSHORE, B.A., M.A., PH.D., Dean of the 

MARTHA L. HARDING, Secretary to the Dean 
CORNELIA D. OLIVER, B.A., A.M., PH.D., Assistant 

Dean for Academic Advising 
BETSY J. CHINN, Secretary to the Assistant Dean 
LAWRENCE A. WISHNER, B.S., M.S., PH.D.. Assistant 

Dean for Instruction 
BONNIE H. SIEVERT, Secretary to the Assistant Dean 
ANNE H. BRUCKNER, B.A., M.A., Registrar 
AUDREY S. HURLOCK, Recorder and Secretary to the 

MARY A. K. KELLY, B.A., M.A., Director of the 

Counseling Center 
LINDA B. TOWNSEND, B.A., M.S.. Professional 

Assistant to the Director 

Office of the Dean of Admissions and 
Financial Aid 

H. CONRAD WARLICK, B.A., M.A., ED.D., Dean of 

Admissions and Financial Aid 
SUSAN H. TALLEY, Secretary to the Dean 
G. FORREST DICKINSON, JR., B.A., Assistant Dean of 

Admissions and Financial Aid 
JANE H. MARRA, B.S., Secretary to the Assistant Dean 
HELEN H THOMAS, Administrative Assistant 

Office of the Dean of Student Services 

JUANITA H. CLEMENT, B.S., M.A., Dean of Student Ser- 
CLAIRE T. BOOKER, Administrative Assistant 
BETTY L. LUTTRELL, Administrative Assistant 

Office of the Comptroller 

EDWARD V. ALLISON, JR., B.S., Comptroller 
GLORIA S. DAY, Secretary to the Comptroller 
CLAUDE T. PARCELL, JR., B.S., Business Manager 
ANGELA B. GRONAU, B.S., Accountant 
CHARLES L. READ, Manager, Bookstore 
CAROLYN M. WHITAKER, Secretary to the Manager 
VINCENT H. WILLETTS, Superintendent Buildings and 

JUANITA S, NEWTON, Secretary to the Superintendent 
ROBERT E. REVELL, Assistant Superintendent, Buildings 

and Grounds 
PAL ROBISON, Director Food Service 
JUDY W. SEAY, Secretary to Director 
MARY LEE H. CARTER, Manager College Shop 

Office of the Librarian 

RUBY Y. WEINBRECHT, B.A., M.A., Librarian 
SHERRY C. MORGAN, Secretary to the Librarian 

Office of the Alumni Association 

DIANA D, KOSKI, B.A., Director of Alumni Affairs 
DONNA R. YOUNG, Secretary to the Director 


President Emeritus 

GRELLET C. SIMPSON, B.A., M.A., Ph.D., L.L.D., Litt.D. 


President Emeritus and Professor Emeritus of English 

B.A., Randolph-Macon College; M.A., Ph.D., University 

of Virginia; LL.D., Randolph-Macon College; Litt.D., 

Flagler College; L.H.D. , Mary Washington College. 

Faculty Emeriti 


Professor Emeritus of Education 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of Virginia. 


Professor Emeritus of Home Economics 

A. A., Kansas City Junior College; B.S., Kansas State 

College; M.A., Columbia University. 


Professor Emeritus of Health, Physical Education and 


B.A., De Pauw University; M.A., Ph.D., State University 

of Iowa. 


Professor Emeritus of Art 

Graduate, Art Institute of Chicago, Ryerson Fellowship 

for study in France, Virginia Museum Senior Fellowship, 

Rosenwald Fellowship. Represented in permanent 

collections of Boston Museum of Fine Arts, University of 

Georgia, University of Nebraska, Art Institute of Fine 

Arts, Springfield Museum, New Britain Museum, Oberlin 

College and others. 

ZOE W. BLACK, B.A., A.M., Ph.D. 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 

B.A., University of Tennessee; A.M., Ph.D., Duke 



Professor Emeritus of Modern Foreign Languages 

A.B., Colorado College; A.M., University of Missouri; 

diploma, Institut de Phonetique, University of Paris. 

STANLEY F. BULLEY, Mus. Baa, Mus. Doc. 

Professor Emeritus of Music 

L.R.A.M., Royal Academy of Music; Mus. Baa, Mus. 

Doc, University of Toronto. 


Professor Emeritus of Modern Foreign Languages 

A.B., University of Dubuque; M.A., University of Maine; 

Doctor of Letters and Philosophy, University of Madrid. 


Professor Emeritus of Biology 

B.S., Denison University; Ph.D., University of Chicago. 


Professor Emeritus of History 

A.B., State Teachers College, Ada, Oklahoma; A.M., 

Columbia University; Ed.D., George Washington 


EILEEN K. DODD, Ph.B., M.A., Ph.D. 

Professor Emeritus of Psychology 

Ph.B., Muhlenberg College; M.A., Ph.D., New York 




Professor Emeritus ol Music 

A.B., Vassar College; M.A., Columbia University. 

E. BOYD GRAVES, A.B., A.M., Ed.D. 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

A.B., A.M., College of William and Mary; Ed.D., George 

Washington University. 


Professor Emeritus of Modern Foreign Languages 

A.B., Tufts College; MA, Radcliffe College; Ph.D., 

University of North Carolina. 


Professor Emeritus of English 

A.B., University of Pennsylvania; B.S. in L.S., Drexel 

Institute; M.A., Harvard University; Ph.D., University of 



Professor Emeritus of Classics 

A.B., Randolph-Macon Woman's College; A.M., Ph.D., 

Cornell University; L.H.D., Lake Erie College. 


Professor Emeritus of Economics 

B.A., University of Toronto; M.A., University of British 

Columbia; Ph.D., University of Chicago. 


Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

B.A., A.M., Oberlin College; Ph.D., University of 



Professor Emeritus of History 

B.S., Knox College; M.A., Ph.D., University of Illinois. 


Professor Emeritus of Music 

B.M., MM., Dana School of Music; Ph.D., State 

University of Iowa. 


Professor Emeritus of Modern Foreign Languages 

A.B., Duke University; MA, Ph.D., University of Virginia. 


Professor Emeritus of Health, Physical Education, and 


B.S., Woman's College of the University of North 

Carolina; M A., New York University 


Professor Emeritus of Modern Foreign Languages 

B.A., University of Puerto Rico; M.A., Florida State 

College for Women; Ph.D., University of Salamanca. 


Professor Emeritus of Modern Foreign Languages 

A.B., Brown University; Ph.D., University of 



Professor Emeritus of Political Science 

B.A., University of Tennessee; M.A., University of 

Mississippi; Ph.D., Louisiana State University. 


Professor Emeritus of Art 

B.S., University of Tennessee; M.A., Peabody College. 


Professor Emeritus of English 

B.A., MA, McMaster University; Ph.D., Yale University. 


Professor Emeritus, Comptroller 

B.S., Ohio State University. 



PHILLIP J. ALLEN, A.B., M.A , B.D., Ph.D. 

Professor of Sociology 

A.B., Ohio Northern University; MA, Northwestern 

University; B.D., Garret Theological Seminary; Ph.D., 

The American University. 

BULENT I. ATALAY, B.S., M.S., M.A., Ph.D. 

Professor of Physics 

B.S., M.S., Georgetown University; M.A. (By Decree) 

Oxford University; Ph.D., Georgetown University. 


Professor of Music 

B.S., M.Ed., Pennsylvania State University: D.M.A.. The 

Catholic University of America. 

SAMUEL 0. BIRD, B.S., M.S., Ph.D. 

Professor of Geology 

B.S., Marshall College; M.S.. University of Wisconsin; 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina. 

114 Faculty 


Professor of History 

B.S., Loyola University; M.A., Ph.D.. University of 

California at Los Angeles. 


Professor of Geography 

B.Ed., Plymouth Teachers College; M.A., Kent State 

University; Ph.D., Boston University 


Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 

B.S., Juniata College; M.A., Middlebury College; Ph.D., 

Georgetown University. 


Professor of English 

A.B. Princeton University; M.A., Syracuse University; 

Ph.D., Columbia University. 

L. CLYDE CARTER JR., B.A., M.Div., Ph.D. 

Professor of Sociology 

B.A., Carson-Newman College; M.Div., Union 

Theological Seminary; Ph.D., Yale University. 


Professor of Religion 

A.B., Vassar College; M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University. 


Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., University of Virginia 


Professor of English, Dean of the College 

B.A., M.A., Lehigh University; Ph.D., Yale University. 


Professor of English 

B.A., M.A., University of Virginia; Ph.D., Duke University. 


Professor of Geography 

A.B., M.A., University of North Carolina; Ph.D., 

University of Maryland. 

LEWIS P. FICKETT JR., A.B., L.L.B., M.P.A., Ph.D. 

Professor of Political Science 

A.B., Bowdoin College; L.L.B., MP. A., Ph.D., Harvard 



Professor of English 

B.A., College of William and Mary; M.A., Ph.D., 

University of Virginia. 


Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 

A.B., Wellesley College, M.A., University of New 

Hampshire; Ph.D., University of Kansas. 

MIRIAM B. HOGE, A.B., M.A., Ph.D. 

Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 

A.B., Randolph-Macon Woman's College; M.A., Ph.D.. 

University of Pennsylvania. 

ANNA S. HOYE, A.B., M.S., Ph.D. 

Professor of Biology 

A.B., Lynchburg College; M.S., Ph.D., University of 



Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University. 


Professor of Biology 

A.B., Hood College; M.A., Ph.D., University of Virginia. 


Professor of Biology 

B.A., Lynchburg College; M.A., Ph.D., University of 


EDWIN H. JONES, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. 

Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 

B.A., Hampden-Sydney College; M.A., Duke University; 

Ph.D., University of Virginia. 


Professor of Psychology, Director of the 

Counseling Center 

B.A., Mary Washington College; M.A., Ohio State 



Professor of English 

B.S., Ursinus College; M.A., Ph.D., University of 


ROGER L. KENVIN, A.B., M.A., M.F.A., D.F.A. 

Professor of Dramatic Arts 

A.B., Bowdoin College; M.A., Harvard University; M.F.A., 

D.F.A . Yale University. 


Professor of Art 

B.S., Mary Washington College; M.A., George Peabody 

College; Ph.D., University of Chicago. 


Professor of Health 

B.S., Wheaton College; M.D., Columbia College of 

Physicians and Surgeons 


Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., M.S., Boston College; Ph.D., University of New 


A. RAY MERCHENT, B.A., M.Ed., Ed.D. 

Professor of Education, Vice President 

B.A., Emory and Henry College; M.Ed., Ed.D., University 

of Virginia. 


Professor of English 

B.A., Swarthmore College; M.A., Yale University; Ph.D., 

The Catholic University of America. 


Professor of English 

B.A., Swarthmore College; M.A., Ph.D., University of 


PAUL C. MUICK, B.F.A., A.M., Ph.D. 

Professor of Art 

B.F.A., Ohio State University, A.M. University 

of Chicago; Ph.D., Ohio State University 


Professor of Physics 

B.S., Belgrade University; MA, Ph.D., Columbia 



Professor of Art, Assistant Dean for Academic Advising 

B.A., Smith College; A.M., Duke University; Ph.D., The 

Catholic University of America. 


Professor of Biology 

B.A., M.A., University of North Carolina; Ph.D., 

University of Virginia. 


Professor of Biology 

B.S., Mount Union College; M.S., Ohio State University; 

Ph.D. Duke University. 

PAUL C. SLAYTON JR., B.S., M.Ed., Ed.D. 

Professor of Education 

B.S., M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Virginia. 


Professor of Sociology 

B.A., University of Virginia; A.M.. Ph.D., Harvard 


Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 
B.A. Westhampton College; M.A., Middlebury College, 
Ph.D., University of Chicago. 


Professor of Classics 

A.B., Vassar College; MA, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins 



Professor of American Studies 

B.A., Stanford University; M.A., The American University; 

Ph.D., Emory University. 


Professor of History 

B.A., MA, Ph.D., University of Virginia. 


Professor of Philosophy 

A.B., St. John's College; M.A., Ph.D., University of 



Professor, Librarian 

B.A., Mary Washington College; M.A., George Peabody 


Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Brooklyn College; MA, Hollins College; Ph.D., 
Syracuse University. 

Professor of Chemistry, Assistant Dean for Instruction 
B.S., M.S., Ph.D., University of Maryland 

Professor of Education, President 
B.A., Virginia Military Institute; MA, Ed.D., University of 
Virginia; L.L.D., West Virginia Wesleyan. 

Professor of History 

B.A , North Central College; M. A. .University of 
Wisconsin; Ph.D., University of Texas. 

116 Faculty 

Associate Professors 


Associate Professor of Economics and Political Science 

A.B., King's College, Ph.D., University of Virginia. 

Associate Professor, Comptroller 
B.S., University of Richmond. 


Associate Professor of Health, Physical Education and 


BS., Russell Sage College; M.A., Columbia University. 

CLAVIO F. ASCARI, Dottore in LL.MM. 

Associate Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 

Dottore in Lettere Moderne, Universita Bocconi, Milan. 


Associate Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 
Licence-des-Lettres, University of Lille; Diplome d'Ecole 
des Sciences Politiques, University of Paris; Diplome 
d'Etudes Superieures, University of Paris. 


Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Brooklyn College; M.S., Ph.D., University of 


Associate Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 
B.A., Goshen College; M.A., Wayne State University; 
Ph.D., University of Virginia. 


Associate Professor of Health, Physical Education and 

Recreation, Dean of Student Services 

B.S., Radford College; M.A., George Peabody College. 

Associate Professor of History 

B.A., Hampden-Sydney College; M.A., Ph.D., University 
of Virginia. 


Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Thiel College; Ph.D., University of North Carolina. 


Associate Professor of English 

B.S., Creighton University; M.A., Ph.D., Columbia 



Associate Professor of Health, Physical Education and 


B.S., Longwood College; M.Ed., Woman's College of the 

University of North Carolina. 


Associate Professor of Dramatic Arts and Speech 

A.B., M.A., Syracuse University. 


Associate Professor of Economics and Political Science 

B.A., M.A., Yale University. 


Associate Professor of English 

B.A., Eastern Baptist College; M.A., Ph.D., University of 



Associate Professor of Biology 

B.S., Ph.D., Medical College of Virginia. 

JOHN K. GEORGE, A.B., M.S., Ph.D. 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

A.B., Columbia College; M.S., University of Connecticut. 

Ph.D., University of Virginia 


Associate Professor of Health, Physical Education and 


B.S., M.Ed., University of Maryland. 


Associate Professor of Music 

B.Mus., University of Michigan; M.Mus., The Catholic 

University of America. 

SUSAN J. HANNA, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. 

Associate Professor of English 

B.A., Ohio State University; M.A., Ph.D., University of 



Associate Professor of English 

B.A.. MA. Ph.D., Duke University. 


Associate Professor of Art 

B.A., M.A., Tokyo Kyoiko University. 


Associate Professor of Mathematics 

B.A., Mary Washington College; M.A., University of 



Associate Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 
A.B., Woman's College of the University of North 
Carolina; M.A., University of North Carolina 


Associate Professor of Education 

B.S., M.S., State University of New York at New Paltz; 

Ed.D., University of Virginia. 

Associate Professor of Education 
B.S., Madison College; M.S., University of Virginia. 

Associate Professor of Economics and Political Science 
B.A., College of William and Mary; M.A., University of 
Massachusetts; Ph.D., Georgetown University. 

JOHN L. LAMPH, A. A., B.A., M.F.A. 

Associate Professor of Art 

A. A., Fullerton Junior College; B.A., California State 

College at Fullerton; M.F.A., Claremont Graduate 



Associate Professor of Music 

B.M., Oberlin Conservatory of Music; M.M., University of 


Associate Professor of Mathematics 
B.S.. State University College; M.S., M.A., Ph.D., 
Syracuse University. 


Associate Professor of English 

B.S., Northwestern University; M.A., Ph.D., University of 


Associate Professor of Psychology 
B.A., LaVerne College; M.A., University of California at 
Los Angeles; Ph.D., Arizona State University. 


Associate Professor of Economics 

A.B., MA, Colorado State College of Education. 

Associate Professor of Biology 

A.B., Western Maryland College, A.M., Duke University; 
Ph D , Medical College of Virginia. 


Associate Professor of Psychology 

A.B., Cornell University; M.S.. Ph.D., Purdue University. 

KEY S. RYANG, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. 

Associate Professor of History 

B.A.. Trinity University; M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University. 


Associate Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., Southwestern State College, Oklahoma. M.S.. 

Oklahoma State University. 

RAMAN K. SINGH, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. 

Associate Professor of English 

B.A., St. Stephen's College; M.A.. Western Michigan 

University, Ph.D., Purdue University. 

ROY H. SMITH, B.S., Ph.D. 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.S , University of Tennessee; Ph.D., University of 



Associate Professor of History 

B.A., Barrington College; M.A., Ph.D., The American 



Associate Professor of Education. Dean of Admissions 

and Financial Aid 

B.A., Wake Forest; M.A., University of North Carolina: 

Ed.D., University of Virginia. 


Associate Professor of Health, Physical Education and 


A.B., Woman's College of the University of North 

Carolina; B.S., Mary Washington College; M.S., 

Louisiana State University. 


Associate Professor of Mathematics 

B.S.. St. Francis College; M.A., Duquesne University. 

Assistant Professors 

MICHAEL L. BASS. A. A., B.S.. M.S.. Ph.D. 
Assistant Professor of Biology 
A. A., Clinch Valley College; B.S.. Virginia Polytechnic 
Institute; M.S., Medical College of Virginia; Ph.D.. 
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 
Assistant Professor of Social Work 
B.A., M.S.W., University of Maryland 

1 1 8 Faculty 


Assistant Professor of Psychology 

A.B., College of the Holy Cross; M.S., University of 

Bridgeport, Ph.D., Dartmouth College. 

DALE A. BROWN, B.A., M.S., Ph.D. 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

B.A., Hiram College; M.S., Ph.D., Syracuse University. 


Assistant Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Northwestern University; M.A., Ph.D., University of 

North Carolina. 

DAVID W. CAIN, A.B., B.D., M.A., Ph.D. 

Assistant Professor of Religion 

A.B., Princeton University; B.D., Yale University; M.A., 

Ph.D., Princeton University. 


Assistant Professor of History 

B.A., Richmond College; MA., The American University. 


Assistant Professor of English 

B.A., Bucknell University; MA., Ph.D., University of 



Assistant Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., Leeds University; M.A., Bedford College, University 

of London. 


Assistant Professor of Dramatic Arts 

B.S., Canisius College; M.F.A. , Yale University. 


Assistant Professor of Linguistics 

B.A., New York University; M.A., Indiana University. 


Assistant Professor of Dramatic Arts and Dance 

Professional Dance Certificate, Zagreb State Opera 

Ballet School, Yugoslavia; diploma, Meister Staten Fur 

Tranz, Berlin, Germany; Mozarteum Conservatory of 

Music, Salzburg, Austria. 


Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.S., Cornell University; Ph.D., University of New 



Assistant Professor of Geography 

B.A., Montclair State College; M.A., University of Florida. 

ROY F. GRATZ, B.S., M.A., Ph.D. 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., University of Pittsburgh; M.A., Ph.D., Duke 



Assistant Professor of Dramatic Arts and Dance 

B.S., The Juilliard School. 

DIANE F. HATCH, A.B., M.A., Ph.D. 

Assistant Professor of Classics 

A.B., Sweet Briar College; M.A., Ph.D., University of 

North Carolina. 


Assistant Professor of Religion 

B.A., Dana College; M.A., University of Chicago Divinity 



Assistant Professor of Statistics 

B.A., Central Methodist College; M.A., Missouri 

University; Ph.D., Colorado State University. 

JAMES W. KEMP JR., B.A., M.A., Ph.D. 

Assistant Professor of English 

B.A., Millsaps College; M.A., Mississippi State University; 

Ph.D. University of South Carolina. 


Assistant Professor of Art 

AS., Pensacola Junior College; B.A., M.F.A., Tulane 



Assistant Professor of Economics and Political Science 

B.A., LaSalle College; M.A., Ph.D., University of Virginia. 


Assistant Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 

B.A., Assumption University; M.A., Florida State 

University; diploma, Institut de Phonetique, University of 



Assistant Professor of Music 

B.A., Stanford University; MA., University of Alabama; 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina. 



Assistant Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 

B.A., Wake Forest University; M.A., Duke University; 

Ph.D., Cornell University. 


Assistant Professor of Art 

B.A., Trinity University; M.A., University ot Maryland; 

Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University. 


Assistant Professor of Psychology 

A.B., Marquette University; M.A., Ph.D., University of 



Assistant Professor of Modern Foreign Languages 

MA. Temple University; Ph.D., University of 



Assistant Professor of Economics 

A.B., Wabash College; Ph.D., Northwestern University. 


Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

B.A., University of Colorado; M.S., Oregon State 



Assistant Professor of Physics 

B.A., Kalamazoo College; M.S., Ph.D., Georgetown 



Assistant Professor of Geology 

B.S., Georgetown University; M.S., Ph.D., Northwestern 



Assistant Professor of Health, Physical Education and 


B.S., Eastern Kentucky University, M.S., University of 



Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., United States Naval Academy; MAT., Duke 



Assistant Professor of Education 

B.S.Ed., Illinois State University; M.Ed., University of 



Assistant Professor of History 

A.B., Dartmouth College; M.A., New York University. 


Assistant Professor of Anthropology 

B.A., Bryn Mawr College; B.Litt., D. Phil., Oxford 



Assistant Professor of Education 

B.A., College of William and Mary; M.A.T., Howard 

University; Ph.D., The Catholic University of America. 



Instructor in Music 

B.M.E., Westminster Choir College. 


Instructor in Dramatic Arts and Dance 

B.A., University of California at Berkeley; M.A., Mills 



Instructor in Political Science 

A.B., Miami University; M.A., University of Virginia. 


Instructor in Music 

Graduate, Curtis Institute of Music. 


Instructor in Economics 

B.A., University of Virginia. 


Instructor, Assistant Dean of Admissions and 

Financial Aid 

B.A , Washington and Lee University. 


Instructor in Music 

B.A., Mary Washington College; M.M., University of 


AMY M. HALE, B.A., M.S.W. 

Instructor in Social Work 

B.A., Kalamazoo College; M.S.W., University of 



Instructor in Dramatic Arts 

B A., Keene State College; M.F.A . Smith College 

120 Faculty 


Instructor in Education 

B.S., Virginia State College; M.F.A., Howard University. 

clark s. Mccarty, b.m., m.m. 

Instructor in Music 

B.M., University of Texas; M.M.. The Catholic University 

of America. 


Instructor in Social Work 

B.S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute; M.S.W., University of 



Instructor in Modern Foreign Languages 

A.B., Wesleyan College; M.A., Duke University. 


Instructor in Music 

B.A., Mary Washington College; M.Mus., Northwestern 



Instructor in Music 

B.A., The American University. 

MEG E. SWAIN. B.S.P.E., M.Ed. 

Instructor in Health, Physical Education, and Recreation 

B.S.P.E.. M.Ed., Western Maryland College. 


Instructor. Professional Counselor 

B.A., Mary Washington College; M.S., University of 


Visiting Lecturer 


Visiting Lecturer in Economics 

B.S., M.S.. Howard University. Ph.D.. University of 


Health Services 

JOSEPH C. MacKNIGHT. B.S.. M.D., College Physician 

RAYMOND JONES. B.S., MB., Associate 

DAVID B. RICE. B.A., M.D., Associate 

HARVEY W. ALLEN, B.S., D.D.S.. M.S.D.. Consultant 

ANDREW McDANIEL, D.D.S., Consultant 


ADELLA P. HIERS, B.S., R.N., Nurse 




Library Services 

RUBY Y. WEINBRECHT, B.A., M.A., Librarian 
SHERRY C. MORGAN, Secretary to the Librarian 
JUDITH E. ALFRED, B.A.. M.L.S.. Cataloguer 
CHARLES D. BALTHIS. B.A.. M.S. in L.S.. Head 

NANCY L. BEACHLEY. B.A., M.A., M.S.L.S.. Archivist, 

Reference Librarian 
SANDRA G. BROWN, B.A., M.S.L.S.. Periodicals 

RENNA H. COSNER, A.B., A.M. in L.S., Circulation 

DIANE D. FISHMAN, B.A., M.S. in L.S.. Staff 

MARY J. PORTER. B.A., M.A.. M.S. in L.S., Reference 

JUDY M. WELSH. B.S.. Library Assistant-Circulation 
MARIAN S. HOLT. Acquisitions Assistant 


108 Academic Distinction 






Before High School Graduation 


After Junior Year 


Part-Time Study During 

Regular Session 


Summer Session 


Directly after High School 


Application Fees and Deposits 


Character, Personality and 



Committee Review 


Deferred Enrollment 


Early Decision 




High School Preparation 




Typical Freshman 


Medical Examination 




After Leave of Absence 


After Suspension 


After Withdrawal 


While on Probation 


Senior Citizens 


Special Students 


Transfers from Other Colleges 


Committee Review 


Direct Transfer Agreement 




Fees and Deposits 




Residence Requirement and 

Transfer Credit 


Servicemen 's Opportunity 



Typical Transfer Student 


Advanced Placement 


American Studies 




Applying, Directions for 




Art History 


Art, Studio 








Bank, Campus 



16, 102 

Calendar 1976-77 

18, 102 

Calendar 1977-78 


Campus Map 


Campus, The 


Campus Visits 


Career Focus Opportunities 










Computer Science 


Cooperative Majors 


Course Changes 


Course Load 




Dean's List 


Departmental Majors 




Dramatic Arts 


Dramatic Arts and Dance 




Economics and Political Science 




Elective Courses 





22, 103 







Classification as a Virginia 



Semester Fees and Expenses 


Interdisciplinary Majors 


Application Fee 




Contingent Fee 




Full-time Nonresidential 

24, 102 

Junior Year Abroad 





Full-time Residential Students 


Library Science 


Infirmary Fee 




Part-time Students 



Major Program 


Senior Citizens 

43, 45 


Terms of Payment 




Check Cashing 


Mathematics, Statistics, and 


Delinguent Accounts 

Computer Science 


Part-time Students 


Medical Examination 


Refund of Fees 


Medical Technology 


Reporting Financial Aid Not 


Modern Foreign Languages 

Provided by Mary Washington 


Mortar Board 


Room and Tuition Deposits 




Statements and Due Dates 


Music, History and Literature 


Withdrawal Charges 


Music, Performance 

36, 40 

Financial Assistance 


Music, Special Courses 


Campus Bank 


Music, Theory 




Non-Residential Fees 


Scholarships and Grants 


Non-Residential Students 


Special Forms of Assistance 




Student Employment 

24, 32, 35 

Part-Time Students 












Phi Beta Kappa 







46, 73 

Physical Education 




Physical Therapy Program 


Health Education 




Health, Physical Education, and 


Physics and Astronomy 



Political Economy 


High School Students 


Political Science 




Pre-Foreign Service 


Honor System 


Pre-Law Program 


Honorary Organizations 


Pre-Medical Program 


Human Learning 


Program of Studies 




Additional Course Information 


Basic Requirements 


Continuous Courses 


Course Levels and 





Programs and Course 



Alternate Degree Program 

Allowing for Greater 



Degree Specifics 


Basic Requirements 


Demonstration of Competence 






Major Program 


Physical Education 


Major Programs 


Cooperative Majors 


Departmental Majors 


Interdisciplinary Majors 


Special Majors 


Pre-Professional and Career- 

Focus Opportunities 


Academic Internships 


Course Groupings 


Planned-Transfer Groupings 




Quality Point Average 






Refund of Fees 






Repeating a Course 


Residence Requirements 


Residential Fees 


Residential Students 



94 Russian Studies 

37 Scholarships and Grants 

27, 33 Senior Citizens 

26, 104 Servicemen 

95 Social Work 

96 Sociology 

96 Sociology and Anthropology 

82 Spanish 

44 Special Majors 
26 Special Students 
98 Speech 

79 Statistics 

101 Student Handbook 

102 Transfer Credit 

45 Transfer Groupings 
23 Typical Freshman 

26 Typical Transfer Student 

127 Walking Tour 

35, 108 Withdrawal 


The Campus 

A Walking Tour 

A Walking Tour 

The campus buildings, in traditional red-brick 
and white-columned neo-classical style, are 
set in 275 acres thickly planted with 
dogwood, magnolias, boxwood, holly and 
flowering fruit trees. Much of the campus is 
still wooded. 

A map and legend of the campus are on 
pages 130-31. This description is to assist 
visitors in a self-guided tour. 

Just inside the main gates on College 
Avenue, the large building to the right is 
Combs Science Hall, a modern, four-story 
science classroom and laboratory. It provides 
lecture rooms, offices and laboratories for 
the departments of astronomy, biology, 
chemistry, geology, mathematics, physics 
and statistics. Forming a half circle with it are 
two of the newest residence halls— Jefferson 
and Bushnell. A walk behind Jefferson leads 
to Framar, built as a private home and now 
serving as a small residence hall. 

To the right on Campus Drive, opposite 
George Washington Hall, are the twin 
residence halls, Mason and Randolph, and 
behind them Marye Hall, a small house used 
as the Spanish House. 

Next on the right is the E. Lee Trinkle 
Library, the heart of the liberal arts campus. 
The Library is exceptionally strong, with 
more than 230,000 volumes, all on open 
stacks, and 1200 periodicals, a rare book 
room, a music manuscript and record 
collection and a microfilm library. Students 
find it a favorite place to study; it is air 
conditioned, has a typing room, copying 
machines and microfilm readers. Its own 
collections are supplemented with an active 
inter-library loan system for faculty research. 

Directly opposite the Library is Westmoreland. 
a residence hall, and behind it, facing College 
Avenue, are two small houses. One of these. 
Hamlet House, serves as the Counseling 
Center, and the other, Fairfax House, houses 
the Alumni Association. 

To the right, past Bushnell and down the hill 
toward Sunken Road, are two large residence 
halls, Marshall and Russell, and Brent, a 
small house that serves as the French House. 

Moving west on the main College drive, the 
visitor sees George Washington Hall on the 
left. This is the administration building, with 
the offices of the President, the Vice President, 
the Dean of the College, the Comptroller, the 
Office of Admissions and Financial Aid, and 
supportive services. The College's largest 
auditorium, seating 1600, is here. 

Continuing down Campus Drive, next to 
Westmoreland, one reaches Ball Circle, the 
large area where graduation is held each 
May. At the left of Ball Circle is the complex 
commonly known as Tri-Unit, with Ball Hall in 
the center and two smaller halls, Madison 
and Custis, at each side. At the back of the 
Circle is Chandler Hall, with classrooms, 
offices and laboratories for the psychology. 
English, philosophy and linguistics faculty. It 
also has an audio-visual room. To the right 
of the Circle is Virginia Hall, one of the four 
freshman residence halls; Willard is directly 

behind Virginia. Directly behind Willard is the 
Hugh Mercer Infirmary. 

On the right of Campus Drive next to the 
Library and across from Ball Circle is Lee 
Hall, the student activities building. The 
ballroom on the second floor hosts events 
such as dances, lectures, and faculty 
meetings. The C Shop, the Placement 
Bureau, the Bookstore, the Day Students' 
Lounge, the Office of College Police, the 
Student Activities Office, the bank, offices for 
student organizations and publications and 
lounges fill the building. 

As Campus Drive curves toward Sunken 
Road, on the left is Monroe Hall, the oldest 
and often considered the most handsome 
academic structure on campus. This building 
houses six departments: classics, economics 
and political science, education, geography, 
history and religion. It has an assembly hall 
seating 100. 

Other College buildings are best approached 
by returning to College Avenue and walking 
toward the Route 1 By-Pass that bounds the 
campus on the West. Just past Chandler Hall 
is Seacobeck, with four dining rooms serving 
all residential students. Past Seacobeck is 
the impressive Fine Arts Center, set on a 
slope, with three separate buildings connected 
by arcades. The center building, du Pont Hall, 
holds offices, lecture rooms and language 
laboratories of the Department of Modern 
Foreign Languages. It also houses the 
Department of Speech, the facilities of the 
Department of Dramatic Arts and Dance and 
the 300-seat Klein Memorial Theater. Art 
exhibits are often held in the exhibit rooms 

of du Pont. The attached building to the 
south is Melchers Hall and houses the 
Department of Art. It has an art slide library; 
rooms for painting, sculpture, printmaking 
and photography; kilns; offices and 
workrooms for studio courses. The north 
building, Pollard Hall, holds the classrooms, 
studios, practice rooms and offices of the 
Department of Music. 

The last building on College Avenue is the 
newest, Goolrick Hall and was completed in 
1970. This building is largely for physical 
education, health and dance, although the 
Department of Sociology and Anthropology 
has classrooms here also. It has an indoor 
swimming pool, large and small gymnasiums, 
a handball court, dance studios, exercise 
rooms and sun decks. 

Two blocks off campus stands the lovely and 
historic Brompton, home of the President of 
the College. Located on the rise directly 
above the Stone Wall on Sunken Road, it 
was erected about 1790. Historians of the 
National Park Service have written that "no 
other house on the American continent is 
more important or better known in connection 
with military history, and few other homes 
are better examples of their type." The home 
was enlarged in 1836 by Colonel John L. 
Marye and restored, after purchase by the 
College, in 1946. Its beautiful 175-acre 
grounds are the site of College events through 
the year, particularly the May luncheon for 
graduating seniors. 

i : MM* 

130 Campus Map 

Campus Map 

George Washington was closely associated with 


Named for the county in Virginia which was the birthplace of 
a number of prominent Americans, including Robert E. Lee, 
George Washington and James Monroe. 

3 HAMLET HOUSE Counseling Center 

Originally the private home of William N. Hamlet, who taught 
at the College for thirty years. 

4 FAIRFAX HOUSE Alumni House 

Named in honor of Anne Fairfax, the wife of George 
Washington's half-brother, Lawrence. 

5 MADISON HALL Residence Hall 

Named for Dolly Madison, wife of President James Madison. 

6 MARY BALL HALL Residence Hall 

Mary Ball Washington, for whom the College is named, was 
the mother of George Washington. 

7 CUSTIS HALL Residence Hall 

Named in honor of Mary Custis who became the wife of 
Robert E. Lee. 

8 CHANDLER HALL Classroom 

Algernon B. Chandler was President of the College from 1919 
until his death in 1 928 


Named for an Indian village which once occupied the site. 

10 duPONT HALL Classroom 

Named for a close lineal descendant of Mary Ball 
Washington, Jessie Ball duPont of Wilmington, Delaware and 
Ditchely, Virginia. 

1 1 MELCHERS HALL Classroom 

Gari Melchers was an internationally known artist whose 
home, Belmont, in nearby Falmouth, is a memorial under the 
trusteeship of the College. 

Campus Map 

12 POLLARD HALL Classroom 

Named for John Garland Pollard, Governor of Virginia, 
Attorney General, college professor, and patron of the arts. 

13 GOOLRICK HALL Gymnasium 

A member of the Virginia General Assembly at the turn of the 
century, C. O'Conor Goolrick sponsored the 1908 legislation 
which established the College. 



Dr. Mercer, who died as a brigadier general in the 
Revolutionary War, was a physician in Fredericksburg, 


17 WILLARD HALL Residence Hall 

Frances Willard was an educator, social reformer and 
advocate of the independence of women. 

18 MONROE HALL Classroom 

President James Monroe lived in Fredericksburg 

19 VIRGINIA HALL Residence Hall 

Named to honor the Commonwealth of Virginia. 

20 LEE HALL Student Activities 

Named for Ann Carter Lee, the mother of Robert E. Lee. 


A former Governor of Virginia, E. Lee Trinkle was for many 
years President of the State Board of Education. 


23 MARYE HALL Spanish House 

The Marye family once owned Brompton and Marye's 
Heights, on which the College is located. 

24 MASON HALL Residence Hall 

Ann Mason was the mother of George Mason, author of the 
Bill of Rights. 

25 RANDOLPH HALL Residence Hall 

Named in honor of Martha Jefferson Randolph, a daughter of 
Thomas Jefferson. 

26 BRENT HALL French House 

Margaret Brent was one of the first American women to 
advocate political, social and educational equality for women. 

27 RUSSELL HALL Residence Hall 

Edward Hutson Russell was the first President of the College 

28 MARSHALL HALL Residence Hall 

Mary Willis Ambler Marshall was the wife of Chief Justice 
John Marshall. 

29 BROMPTON Presidents Home 


Formerly used as a small residence hall for the College. 
Trench is now a regional child development center in the 
State system. 

31 FRAMAR HALL Residence Hall 

Originally built as a home for Frank H. and Marian Leed 

32 BUSHNELL HALL Residence Hall 

Named for Nina G. Bushnell, Dean of Women at the College 
from 1921 to 1950. 

33 JEFFERSON HALL Residence Hall 

Thomas Jefferson, a strong believer in higher education, 
drafted the famous Statutes for Religious Freedom while in 
Fredericksburg in 1777. 


Named in honor of Morgan L. Combs, President of the 
College from 1929 to 1955. 



132 Campus Visits 

Campus Visits 

Requests for individual and group interviews 
and tours should be addressed to 
Dr. H. Conrad Warlick. Dean of Admissions 
and Financial Aid. Box 1098, College 
Station, Fredericksburg, Virginia 22401. 
Telephone confirmation may be made by 
calling (703) 373-7250, ext. 281. Participants 
should report to the Office of Admissions 
and Financial Aid. Room 303, third floor. 
Washington Hall (see campus map). 

group session is scheduled on Saturday 
morning at 10:30 a.m. 

At a group session, a representative from the 
Office of Admissions and Financial Aid will 
discuss admissions procedures and policies, 
costs, financial assistance, academic 
programs and other topics of general 
interest. Provisions are made to answer 
individual questions. 

Individual Interviews of approximately thirty 
minutes duration may be scheduled between 
the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. 
Monday through Friday, except for holidays, 
throughout the calendar year. When the 
College is in regular session additional 
individual interviews may be scheduled 
from 9:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. on Saturday 

Prospective students and /or their parents 
may discuss the admissibility of a student 
with a representative of the Office of 
Admissions and Financial Aid. Requests for 
individual interviews should be made well in 
advance. All appointments will be confirmed 
in writing. 

Although an appointment is not necessary for 
participation in a group session, notification 
of intent to participate will assist the staff in 
providing accommodations for the group. 

A student-conducted tour of the campus will 
follow each group information session. 

Student-Conducted Tours of the Campus 

are provided only following each group 
information session. A student guide will 
show buildings and activities that are of 
general interest to prospective students, 
parents and others. The duration of a tour 
will vary from 30 to 60 minutes and the 
format will vary according to the interests 
and available time of the participants. 

Group Information sessions are scheduled 
at 10:30 a.m. and at 2:00 p.m. Monday 
through Friday, except for holidays, 
throughout the calendar year. When the 
College is in regular session, one additional 

It is not necessary to participate in an 
individual interview or a group information 
session to join a tour. Notification of intent to 
take a tour is helpful for planning purposes 
but is not necessary.